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Science vs Religion: What Do Scientists Really Believe?

Elaine Howard Ecklund

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195392982
eISBN:
9780199777105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392982.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Americans support science as well as religion—but these two things are often at odds. In the wake of recent controversies about teaching intelligent design and the ethics of embryonic-stem- cell ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Javier DeFelipe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book contains a large collection of beautiful figures produced throughout the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, which represent some characteristic examples of the early days of research ... More


Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Pierluigi Frisco

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

How could we use living cells to perform computation? Would our definition of computation change as a consequence of this? Could such a cell-computer outperform digital computers? These are some of ... More


Biology: an introduction to membranes in cells

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

The present chapter contains a brief introduction to membranes in living cells. This chapter describes the composition and functions of cell membranes and the functions of some of the organelles ... More


Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Paul Dudchenko

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This book reviews the psychology and neuroscience of how we find our way. It starts with a history of studies on how organisms solve mazes. This work has its origins in the efforts of behaviourists, ... More


The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Duana Fullwiley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In the 1980s, a research team led by Parisian scientists identified several unique DNA sequences, or haplotypes, linked to sickle cell anemia in African populations. After casual observations of how ... More


Cell Types and Their Origins

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the developmental evolution of cell types, the lowest level of biological organization for which questions of identity (that is, cell identity) play a major role. Higher ... More


Why we get lost

Paul A. Dudchenko

in Why People Get Lost: The Psychology and Neuroscience of Spatial Cognition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199210862
eISBN:
9780191594199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210862.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the argument that humans have a sense of direction that is based on the head direction cell system. It suggests that there are two ways in which people get lost. In the first, ... More


Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

David E. Guinn (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book discusses the role of religion in a religiously pluralistic liberal society, namely the United States. Nowhere else in the public realm do the fundamental religious questions about the ... More


Localized Biologies: Mapping Race and Sickle Cell Difference in French West Africa

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter chronicles how, in the 1950s, sickle hemoglobin was tested in the blood of various Senegalese ethnic groups to determine the bounded nature of population-based race and ethnic groupings ... More


“On One Path or the Other”: Cloning, Religion, and the Making of U.S. Biopolicy

Nigel M. de S. Cameron

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The series of policy positions of the US administration in the opening years of the “biotech century” in respect to cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the patenting of human embryos offers a ... More


Religion, Public Reason, and Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Cynthia B. Cohen

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that although there are certain limits on how religious bodies and their members should attempt to insert their beliefs into public policy matters, religiously based arguments ... More


 Research Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating the exclusion of women in biomedical research, experimental treatment and maternal fetal surgery, human reproductive cloning, and embryonic stem cell research are presented. For ... More


T Cells: The Second Arm of Adapative Immunity

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

B cells and antibodies are only one arm of the adaptive immune system, specialized in removing foreign material from blood and lymph. The second arm of the adaptive system consists of T cells, which ... More


The Immune Response to Infectious Disease: All Out War!

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter deals with the body's response to disease caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, or other microbes. The fundamental response is based on inflammation, which is mediated by the ... More


The Varieties of Gas Analyzers

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

All analyzers have strengths and limitations that vary with the technology used, and directly affect their suitability for different types of metabolic rate measurement. This chapter discusses the ... More


 Place Cells Identify Hippocampus with Location‐Specific Construction of Mental Images

Neil Burgess and Chris M. Bird

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Single-cell recording from hippocampal place cells has enabled the development of detailed models of spatial memory. This chapter focuses on the BVC model, which predicts a role for the hippocampus ... More


 Do Place Cells Guide Spatial Behaviors?

Etienne Save and Bruno Poucet

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews relevant data on the relationships between place cell firing and animals' spatial behavior. Evidence suggests that there is an interaction between place cells and behavior. Two ... More


Ordering Illness: Heterozygous “Trait” Suffering in the Land of the Mild Disease

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores how “culture,” in the form of “Senegalese attitudes” that are seen as less than buoyant, has sometimes proven to be a barrier that Senegalese biomedical professionals propose as ... More


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