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Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Carl Olson (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book is intended for an educated general readership and for use in college courses. It is also intended to be a supplement to other texts in introductory courses in various religious traditions, ... More


Holy Men and Hunger Artists: Fasting and Asceticism in Rabbinic Culture

Eliezer Diamond

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195137507
eISBN:
9780199849772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137507.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The existence of ascetic elements within rabbinic Judaism has generally been either overlooked or actually denied. This is in part because asceticism is not commonly identified with celibacy, whereas ... More


Marriage, Celibacy, and Heresy in Ancient Christianity: The Jovinianist Controversy

David G. Hunter

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199279784
eISBN:
9780191707391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279784.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In the later years of the fourth century the monk Jovinian was condemned at Rome and Milan for teaching that all baptized Christians were equal in God's sight and that all would receive an equal ... More


Like Mother, Like Son: Hanuman, Goddesses, and Women

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Whereas Hanuman is sometimes alleged to be primarily a “men's deity”, this chapter takes a fresh look at his cult through the lens of gender relations and of discourses about sexuality and its ... More


Gender in New Religions

Sarah M. Pike

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

New religious movements have typically emerged and thrived in times of social upheaval during which normative gender roles are challenged, such as in the United States during the industrializing ... More


Against Jovinian: From Siricius to Jerome

David G. Hunter

in Marriage, Celibacy, and Heresy in Ancient Christianity: The Jovinianist Controversy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199279784
eISBN:
9780191707391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279784.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Although they all concurred in condemning Jovinian, Pope Siricius, Ambrose, and Jerome had different views of asceticism and clerical office. Siricius had long been lukewarm towards ascetic piety; he ... More


 Neither Married nor Given in Marriage: Singleness and Salvation History

Jana Marguerite Bennett

in Water Is Thicker than Blood: An Augustinian Theology of Marriage and Singleness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195315431
eISBN:
9780199872022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315431.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines Augustine's thoughts on singleness via salvation history. Many have held, following Paul in 1 Corinthians 7, that celibacy is the better state of life for Christians, and the ... More


Practical Ecclesiology in John Calvin and Jonathan Edwards

Amy Plantinga Pauw

in John Calvin's American Legacy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390971
eISBN:
9780199777099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390971.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

Calvin’s ecclesiology is a site of creative theological construction, drawing together the insights of the gathered church of the radical Reformation and the Catholic notion of the church as a ... More


 Celibacy and the Human Body: An Introduction

Carl Olson

in Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The practice of celibacy needs to be contextualized within the human body and its needs before it can be defined as abstaining from sexual relationships. Any attempt to define celibacy manifests ... More


Thecla of Iconium, Reconsidered

Ross Shepard Kraemer

in Unreliable Witnesses: Religion, Gender, and History in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743186
eISBN:
9780199894680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743186.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter revisits the fictional story of Thecla of Iconium, a virgin who accepts Paul’s teachings of celibacy and asceticism and is ultimately authorized by Paul to “go forth and teach the word ... More


Lay Marriage and Clerical Celibacy

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The fundamentally conservative impetus of much dissenting thought can perhaps best be seen in the areas of lay marriage and clerical celibacy, which this chapter examines. After surveying the ... More


Wedding Garments and Holy Yokes: Celibacy and Holiness in Aphrahat, the Persian Sage

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

in Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736485
eISBN:
9780199866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736485.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the fourth-century Syriac Christian writer Aphrahat, known as the “Persian Sage” and his construct of holiness and celibacy. Aphrahat, who administered to the small ... More


Zipporah’s Complaint: Moses Is Not Conscientious in the Deed!: Exegetical Traditions of Moses’ Celibacy

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

in Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736485
eISBN:
9780199866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736485.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the person of Moses and the extra biblical tradition that he abandoned his conjugal life after God called to divine service. While the tradition is as old as Philo, it finds ... More


The Clergy

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of the position of the clergy in the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, before the Enlightenment. The following aspects are covered: numbers of clergy, private ... More


The Catholic Reformers

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of reformers of the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, following on from The Counter‐Reformation. This starts with the Jansenists in France, and goes on to ... More


Restoration

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Traces the decline of political power in the Catholic Church in Europe from the period after the overthrow of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, and the return of the Pope to Rome. In the new Europe so ... More


Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Richard A. Schoenherr and David Yamane

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A single unavoidable fact looms large in the future of Catholicism – in the last half‐century the number of priests has plummeted by 40% while the number of Catholics has increased by 65%. The ... More


Prophetic Coalition

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter continues the discussion on coalitions in the Catholic Church started in Ch. 10, by describing the progressive or prophetic coalition – a coalition formed by charismatic leaders who draw ... More


The Collapse of Celibate Exclusivity

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter contends that we are witnessing the collapse of celibate exclusivity in the Roman Catholic priesthood. Mandatory celibacy has already been identified as the major cause of decline in the ... More


Goodbye Father

Richard A. Schoenherr

David Yamane (ed.)

in Goodbye Father: The Celibate Male Priesthood and the Future of the Catholic Church

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195082593
eISBN:
9780199834952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195082591.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This concluding chapter reflects on the far‐reaching consequences of radical change in the Catholic Church. It discusses why the Church will settle the problem of celibate exclusivity in the ministry ... More


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