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On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Uwe Steinhoff

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book describes and explains the basic tenets of just war theory and gives a precise, succinct, and highly critical account of its present status and of the most important and controversial ... More


Religion and the New Immigrants: Social Capital, Identity, and Civic Engagement

Michael W. Foley and Dean R. Hoge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195188707
eISBN:
9780199785315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188707.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book assesses the role of local worship communities — churches, mosques, temples, and others — in promoting civic engagement among recent immigrants to the United States. The product of a ... More


Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Thomas Holden

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book presents an historical and critical interpretation of Hume's rejection of the existence of a deity with moral attributes. It argues that in Hume's view no first cause or designer ... More


Two Jokes Explained

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the private world problem, and argues that with or without sensations, the spectre of the ‘private world’ arises equally, so sensations are not the problem if ... More


Dying Without Killing: Self‐Immolations, 1963–2002

Michael Biggs

in Making Sense of Suicide Missions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199276998
eISBN:
9780191707735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276998.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides an overview of self-immolation in the last four decades, from an original database of over 500 individual acts. It is divided into five main sections. The first sketches the ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


On the Causes of War

Hidemi Suganami

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273387
eISBN:
9780191684043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273387.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book analyses one of the fundamental questions of international relations: what causes war? Drawing on historical, statistical, and philosophical perspectives to produce an innovative theory, ... More


Causes and Explanations

J. R. LUCAS

in The Freedom of the Will

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243434
eISBN:
9780191680687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243434.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

The concept of explanation is linked with that of cause, although not identical with it. Explanations are answers. They are answers to questions, asked or anticipated, and in particular to the ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


 The Social Relevance of Spirits

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 8 considers the relevance of spirits to everyday life (e.g. healing, counseling, etc.). It offers a generalizable explanation for the widespread attribution of personal misfortune to ... More


Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement

Nancy Cartwright

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235071
eISBN:
9780191597169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235070.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book on the philosophy of science argues for an empiricism, opposed to the tradition of David Hume, in which singular rather than general causal claims are primary; causal laws express facts ... More


The Presidentialization of Contemporary The Presidentialization of Contemporary Democratic Politics: Evidence, Democratic Politics: Evidence, Causes, and Consequences

Paul Webb and Thomas Poguntke

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Draws together the empirical material presented in the book, and concludes that the weight of evidence lies in favour of the presidentialization thesis. Thus, many systems have manifested shifts in ... More


The Christian God

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is about what it is for there to be a God, and what reason there is to suppose that God to be the traditional Christian God. Part 1 (Chs.1 to 5) analyses the metaphysical categories needed ... More


Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention after 11 September

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum ... More


Traditional Political Realism and the Writing of History

Roger D. Spegele

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Part Two of the book begins with a discussion of realist and English School of International Relations approaches to writing international history, in which the author argues that the appreciation of ... More


Motive

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas says that motives are responsible for the specification of human action. ‘Motive’ can generally refer to any principle of movement, but two meanings are especially significant in the context ... More


Proximate and Remote Ends

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

There is an apparent paradox with respect to Aquinas’s teaching on proximate and remote ends. On some occasions, he seems to assert that a proximate end specifies a human action, while the remote end ... More


Causing Actions

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

When a person acts for a reason, mental events have causal effects. This makes it tempting, given various metaphysical considerations, to identify each (human) mental event with some biochemical ... More


 Immigrant Worship Communities in the Public Square

Michael W. Foley and Dean R. Hoge

in Religion and the New Immigrants: Social Capital, Identity, and Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195188707
eISBN:
9780199785315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188707.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Worship communities play important roles in civil society, in a few cases promoting political engagement around homeland causes and immigrant issues. Many communities provide informal or formal ... More


 Building Civic Skills

Michael W. Foley and Dean R. Hoge

in Religion and the New Immigrants: Social Capital, Identity, and Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195188707
eISBN:
9780199785315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188707.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Most communities encourage lay involvement in worship and leadership, thereby teaching civic skills. Smaller Protestant churches, Hindu ashrams, Sikh congregations, and even some activist Catholic ... More


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