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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book provides an introduction to, and analysis of, the use of Bayesian nets in causal modelling. It puts forward new conceptual foundations for causal network modelling: The book argues that ... More


INTRODUCTION

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More


Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Daniel Steel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The biological and social sciences often generalize causal conclusions from one context to others that may differ in some relevant respects, as is illustrated by inferences from animal models to ... More


Introduction

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hypothesis is that space‐time is what there is. W.V. Quine's ‘abstract objects’ are rejected. What exists should play some causal role (Graham Oddie's Eleatic Principle). The nature of space‐time ... More


CAUSALITY

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter provides an overview of the principal philosophical accounts of the nature of causality, including the mechanistic, probabilistic, counterfactual, and agency accounts.


A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Gregg H. Rosenberg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What place does consciousness have in the natural world? If we reject materialism, could there even be a credible alternative? In this book, the author addresses the causal role of consciousness in ... More


Essays on Actions and Events

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of action. Its overarching thesis is that the ordinary concept of causality we employ to render ... More


Actuality

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter briefly discusses actuality and some objections to this concept. It quotes David Hume, who says that manifested powers are identical with their manifestations. Another defence of ... More


Introduction

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that intentional actions are unique among natural phenomena in that they happen because they should happen. This is not to say that they happen because they ought to morally, ... More


Redemption as Transforming Love

Gerald SJ O'Collins

in Jesus Our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203130
eISBN:
9780191707742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203130.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The self‐giving love of God deployed in the redemptive events creatively brings about a new and lasting mode of existence. The powerful and ‘performative’ language of Jesus transformed people. Then ... More


Freedom

Ermanno Bencivenga

in Ethics Vindicated: Kant's Transcendental Legitimation of Moral Discourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307351
eISBN:
9780199867851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307351.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Kant's regularity model of causality, overdetermination is a genuine option: different, equally legitimate causal accounts can be offered of the same event. So it is possible for some human ... More


Natural Selection in the Abstract

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter studies the logic of evolution by natural selection and the origin of the levels of selection question. The abstract nature of the core Darwinian principles, and thus their potential ... More


Kant on Autonomy and Moral Evil

Michelle Kosch

in Freedom and Reason in Kant, Schelling, and Kierkegaard

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199289110
eISBN:
9780191604003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289115.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter charts the evolution of Kant’s approach to moral evil. It lays out an apparent problem with Kant’s account of the connection between the freedom required for moral responsibility and the ... More


Idealism and Autonomy in Schelling's Early Systems

Michelle Kosch

in Freedom and Reason in Kant, Schelling, and Kierkegaard

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199289110
eISBN:
9780191604003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289115.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Schelling’s early systematic philosophy, with special attention to his solution to the freedom-determinism problem (a form of idealist compatibilism that was widely influential) ... More


Public Policy and Administration: Comparative Policy Analysis

Richard I. Hofferbert and David Louis Cingranelli

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

How can we explain policy similarities and differences across time, jurisdiction, and country? Examples are offered in a comparison of social and economic context, the role of institutions, ideology, ... More


How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions

Berent Enç

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256020
eISBN:
9780191602238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256020.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Attempts to answer the question of whether it is possible to understand agency as realized within a world construed ‘naturalistically’, that is, in terms of causal relations among events and states ... More


Interpreting Public Policy: Normative Frames and Methodological Issues

Frank Fischer

in Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242641
eISBN:
9780191599255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924264X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the second of four chapters offering a postempiricist methodology for policy inquiry based on the logic of practical discourse, and explores the role of interpretation in policy analysis. ... More


Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Steven Sloman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings are active agents who can think. To understand how thought serves action requires understanding how people conceive of the relation between cause and effect, between action and outcome. ... More


Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

Jacqueline Mariña

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199206377
eISBN:
9780191709753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206377.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Often referred to as the father of modern theology, F. D. E. Schleiermacher occasioned a revolution in theology having a decisive impact on all subsequent theology. This book argues that ... More


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