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How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions

Berent Enç

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256020
eISBN:
9780191602238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256020.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Attempts to answer the question of whether it is possible to understand agency as realized within a world construed ‘naturalistically’, that is, in terms of causal relations among events and states ... More


Priority, Posteriority, and Causality

Rory Fox

in Time and Eternity in Mid-Thirteenth-Century Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199285754
eISBN:
9780191603563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285756.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter focuses on the other two temporal relations: temporally before (temporal priority) and temporally after (temporal posteriority), examining the notions in themselves before turning to the ... More


In Defense of the Causal Theory of Memory

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The interpretations of the memory connection proposed in the literature fall into three categories: the evidential retention theory, the simple retention theory, and the causal retention theory. This ... More


Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

William Child

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the relation between interpretationism and causal theories in the philosophy of mind. Interpretationism is the view that we can understand the nature of the propositional attitudes by ... More


Names, Nomological Objects and Quasets

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a broad discussion of the use of names in science and their role in physical theories. The philosophy of names is outlined, covering the ‘Descriptivist’, ‘Non-descriptivist’, ... More


Causes

Lance J. Rips

in Lines of Thought: Central Concepts in Cognitive Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195183054
eISBN:
9780199865109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183054.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Traditional psychological approaches to causality assume that we acquire causal information by extracting it from our experience of events. One possibility is that we can directly perceive causality ... More


Action and its Explanation

David-Hillel Ruben

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This book pursues some novel and unusual standpoints in the philosophy of action. It rejects, for example, the most widely held view about how to count actions, and argues for what it calls a ... More


The Theory of Causal Significance

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is a basic introduction to the Theory of Causal Significance. It intends to motivate the general approach the theory represents as well as explain its basic concepts. The chapter begins ... More


Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Johannes Roessler, Hemdat Lerman, and Naomi Eilan (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Perceptual experience, that paradigm of subjectivity, constitutes our most immediate and fundamental access to the objective world. At least, this would seem to be so if commonsense realism is ... More


Motivation and Agency

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is motivation, and what is its place in the lives of intelligent agents? This is Mele's guiding question. His search for an answer is sensitive to the theoretical concerns of philosophers of ... More


Deconstructing the Mind

Stephen P. Stich

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Though many arguments have been offered for eliminativism, they all have a common structure. They begin with the premise that beliefs, desires, and other commonsense mental states are the posits of a ... More


 Analyticity and Conceptual Content

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends the idea that there are analytic entailments among our sentences against two sorts of prominent objections. In response to Quine's rejection of the analytic/synthetic ... More


Emergent Causation and Property Causation

Paul Noordhof

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The chapter defends the application, and verdicts of a counterfactual theory of causation, to the question of property causation. In particular, the challenges that non‐reductive physicalism and ... More


Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children

David Archard and David Benatar (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590704
eISBN:
9780191595547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590704.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book offers new and original chapters on the ethics of procreation and parenthood. The introduction provides an overview of the current debates in this area. In his chapter, Tim Bayne evaluates ... More


Causal Probabilities

John L. Pollock

in Thinking about Acting: Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304817
eISBN:
9780199850907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304817.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the familiar difficulties originating from Newcomb's problem. Those problems gave rise to “causal decision theory”, which differs from classical decision theory in the manner ... More


Introduction

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to articulate a view of action and its explanation that most closely fits the author's conception. It also dismisses some ... More


Vision and Experience: The Causal Theory and the Disjunctive Conception

William Child

in Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Defends the causal theory of vision and the disjunctive conception of visual experience and argues that they can be coherently combined. Reasons are given for accepting the causal theory of vision ... More


Conclusion

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The conclusion briefly draws together the main conclusions of the book and places them against the background of the questions that dominated action theory for decades after the publication of ... More


Causal Decision Theory

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

When confronted with Newcomb problems, decision theory yields the wrong answer. This paper argues for an improved decision theory that is sensitive to causal distinctions. The causal theories of ... More


Causal Perception and Causal Cognition

Jim Woodward

in Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199692040
eISBN:
9780191729713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692040.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the role played by the so-called perception of causation in our more general capacity for causal thinking. I suggest that ordinary adult human causal cognition as well as a ... More


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