Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: causal role x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Helen Steward

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book puts forward a radical critique of the foundations of contemporary philosophy of mind, arguing that it relies too heavily on insecure assumptions about the nature of some of the sorts of ... More


A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Gregg H. Rosenberg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What place does consciousness have in the natural world? If we reject materialism, could there even be a credible alternative? In this book, the author addresses the causal role of consciousness in ... More


Introduction

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The hypothesis is that space‐time is what there is. W.V. Quine's ‘abstract objects’ are rejected. What exists should play some causal role (Graham Oddie's Eleatic Principle). The nature of space‐time ... More


Property Monism

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers property monism. It considers the requirements for the defeat of property dualism and advances an argument for the identity of dispositional and categorical property tokens ... More


“All in My Brain” Materialism

Joseph Levine

in Purple Haze: The Puzzle of Consciousness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195132359
eISBN:
9780199833375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132351.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The doctrine of materialism, or physicalism, is articulated and defended, based on the causal role of conscious states. Three objections are dealt with: epiphenomenalism, the explanatory exclusion ... More


Form and Explanation

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle claims in Metaphysics Z.17 that form is both a cause and principle of c‐substances. In this chapter, Wedin argues that the explanatory, or causal, role of form is in the background of the ... More


Cognitive-Behavioral Models: Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses cognitive-behavioral models for therapy. It illustrates a field that is deeply divided over fundamental questions such as the causal role of cognitions and the effectiveness of ... More


Causation, Causal Selection, and Causal Parity: What Genes Can (and Can’t) Do

Anya Plutynski

in Explaining Cancer: Finding Order in Disorder

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199967452
eISBN:
9780190878474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199967452.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is typical to refer to cancer as a “genetic” or “genomic” disease. This claim is ambiguous; one of the central goals of this chapter is to disambiguate this claim. I first distinguish different ... More


The Purification of Form

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Chapters 10 and 11 are critical to the argument of Metaphysics Zeta: these chapters are concerned with the purification of form. Z.10 introduces the apparatus of part and whole and consists of an ... More


The Theory That Backs Up What We Say

Nancy Cartwright and Jeremy Hardie

in Evidence-Based Policy: A Practical Guide to Doing It Better

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199841608
eISBN:
9780190252618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199841608.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents a theoretical discussion of how predicting policy outcomes is really betting that the policy can play the right causal role in a given situation and that the given situation ... More


Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Lynn Nadel (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

We all seem to think that we do the acts we do because we consciously choose to do them. This commonsense view is thrown into dispute by Benjamin Libet's eyebrow-raising experiments, which seem to ... More


The Menace of Non-Physical Causation

Gerald Vision

in Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015844
eISBN:
9780262298599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015844.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the most glaring problems faced by emergentism, specifically those that challenge the alleged causal role of conscious properties and the causation by the mental in general. ... More


Comments on Clarke’s “Intentional Omissions”

Sartorio Carolina

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0083
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on arguments for intentional omissions as presented by Randolph Clarke, which has two main claims, the first of which states that, in order for an agent’s omitting to A to be ... More


Three Approaches to the Teleological and Normative Aspects of Ecological Functions

Gregory J. Cooper, Charbel N. El-Hani, and Nei F. Nunes-Neto

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ecosystem function is the central use of function in ecology. In this work we examine the light that can be shed on ecosystem functions by three philosophical analyses of the concept of function: the ... More


Post‐Aristotelian Passion and Action

Susan James

in Passion and Action: The Emotions in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250135
eISBN:
9780191597794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The rejection of certain Scholastic doctrines nevertheless enabled seventeenth‐century writers to reconsider the interpretations of activity and passivity that they had inherited, and to generate new ... More


Causal Roles: Shared and Unshared

Nancy Cartwright and Jeremy Hardie

in Evidence-Based Policy: A Practical Guide to Doing It Better

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199841608
eISBN:
9780190252618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199841608.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses causal roles, especially finding the right causal roles, ones that will travel from there to here, in order to make failures like those of the Bangladesh Integrated Nutrition ... More


The Standard Story of Action : An Exchange (2)

Hornsby Jennifer

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is a response to the arguments presented in the previous one. The previous chapter’s criticisms were directed against philosophers who argue that deficiencies in the standard story of ... More


Why the Question of Animal Consciousness Might not Matter Very Much

Peter Carruthers

in Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277360
eISBN:
9780191602597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277362.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Argues that all of the behaviours that we share with non-human animals can, and should, be explained in terms of the first-order, non-phenomenal, contents of our experiences. So, although we do have ... More


Three Ways of Resisting Essentialism about Natural Kinds

Bence Nanay

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins by presenting the three main principles of essentialism. The first principle is that all and only members of a natural kind have some essential properties. The second is that ... More


How to Define Theoretical Terms

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Lewis defends an account of the role of theoretical terms in scientific theories. Drawing on the work of Ramsey and Carnap, Lewis advocates the view that theoretical terms are implicitly defined by ... More


View: