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POSTSCRIPT: RESPONSIBILITY AND RETRIBUTION

H. L. A. Hart

in Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534777
eISBN:
9780191720703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534777.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents the author's response to criticisms about the distinctions he made between the ideas of responsibility and retribution. Topics discussed include role-responsibility, causal ... More


Against Hume

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

After a thorough discussion on consciousness on the previous pages, the author shifts to discussing causation in this chapter. In Hume's view, the evolution of the universe is objectively ... More


Arguments for a Duty to Vote

Jason Brennan

in The Ethics of Voting

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154442
eISBN:
9781400842094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154442.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter outlines three arguments on behalf of a duty to vote: the Agency Argument, the Public Goods Argument, and the Civic Virtue Argument. The Agency Argument held that citizens should bear ... More


Responsibility for Character: Its Scope and Significance

Susan Sauvé Meyer

in Aristotle on Moral Responsibility: Character and Cause

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697427
eISBN:
9780191732072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697427.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers the significance Aristotle attaches to the thesis, for which he argues in EN iii 5, that we acquire our states of character voluntarily. This thesis is not, as is often ... More


Collective Intentions and Individual Criminal Responsibility in International Criminal Law

Javid Gadirov

in Pluralism in International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198703198
eISBN:
9780191772498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703198.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter first considers scholarly debates on the relevance of collective intentions for individual criminal responsibility. It argues that collective intentions are a basis for an individual ... More


Aristotelian Responsibility

John M. Cooper

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 45

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199679430
eISBN:
9780191758492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679430.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In his theory of voluntariness, presented in Eudemian Ethics as well as in the Nicomachean, Aristotle counts not only normal human adult agents as responsible for some of their actions and not ... More


Within the Providential Plan: William and Henry

Emily A. Winkler

in Royal Responsibility in Anglo-Norman Historical Writing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198812388
eISBN:
9780191850257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812388.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Historiography

In the narratives of William and Henry, who explicitly view history through the lens of explanation by providential will, the degree of the king’s causal and moral responsibility is particularly ... More


Voting and Causal Responsibility

Geoffrey Brennan and Geoffrey Sayre-McCord

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199669530
eISBN:
9780191749377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669530.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Can it be rational for someone to vote in a democratic election on the grounds that she intends to make a difference to the outcome? Standard rational choice theory gives a negative answer. But this ... More


Individuating Collective Responsibility

O.P. Albino Barrera

in Distant Markets, Distant Harms: Economic Complicity and Christian Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199370993
eISBN:
9780199374212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370993.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter employs legal theory, social philosophy, and traditional moral theology to ask how and to what extent individuals are personally responsible for the harms that markets cause to distant ... More


Self-Defense Against Morally Innocent Threats

Jeff Mcmahan

in Criminal Law Conversations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199861279
eISBN:
9780190260071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199861279.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents an authoritative overview of self-defense against morally innocent threats. It first considers two proportionality constraints that govern the morality of self-defense: judgment ... More


Introduction

Emily A. Winkler

in Royal Responsibility in Anglo-Norman Historical Writing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198812388
eISBN:
9780191850257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812388.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Historiography

Chapter 1 introduces the core argument of the book, which is that twelfth-century writers of history in England accorded more individual responsibility, both causal and moral, to eleventh-century ... More


Refugees and Other Necessitous Migrants

Sarah Song

in Immigration and Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190909222
eISBN:
9780190909253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909222.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 7 considers the substance of immigration policy. It argues that the duty to protect refugees and other forcibly displaced migrants is a moral constraint on the state’s right to control ... More


Hard Cases

Matthew Talbert and Jessica Wolfendale

in War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190675875
eISBN:
9780190675905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675875.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 applies the theory of responsibility and blameworthiness developed in Chapter 5 to a number of difficult cases. We begin with a discussion of child soldiers, and raise doubts about the ... More


The Dialogue’s Finale: Philebus 64c–67b

Verity Harte

in Plato's Philebus: A Philosophical Discussion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198803386
eISBN:
9780191841583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803386.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 15 argues that in Philebus 64c–67b, at the close of the dialogue, Socrates carefully recapitulates the terms of the dialogue’s second contest, set out at 22c5–e3, and proceeds to draw ... More


That’s the Story of My Life

John Gardner

in From Personal Life to Private Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198818755
eISBN:
9780191859656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818755.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter shifts attention from the wrong to the loss that is suffered by the person who is wronged. It considers the basis on which such losses can intelligibly be attributed to the wrongdoer. ... More


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