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Causes, Existence, and Ideas

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There are two main formulations of a key causal principle in the Cartesian a priori philosophical system: one, present in Meditation III, says that the cause of the representational content ... More


Kant on Causality: What Was He Trying to Prove?

Béatrice Longuenesse

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is divided into three sections. The first considers Kant's formulation of the problem of causality. It argues that Kant's questioning of the causal principle and his analysis of the ... More


The Argument a Priori and Hume's “Curious Nostrum”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although most philosophers would agree with the suggestion that Hume's treatment of the problem of causation “is the center‐piece of the Treatise” (or, at least, of Book I), they also generally hold ... More


Realization and Extended Cognition

Robert D. Rupert

in Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195379457
eISBN:
9780199869114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379457.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses a realization-based interpretation of the extended approach. On this view, cognitive states are states of an organismically bounded cognitive system, yet may still have ... More


Conclusion

Mathias Frisch

in Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195172157
eISBN:
9780199835294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172159.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A summary of the main arguments of the previous chapters is presented. Among these are that a theory’s formalism may be inconsistent and yet allow the construction of highly reliable models of the ... More


Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

R. J. Hankinson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, R. J. Hankinson traces the history of investigation into the nature of cause and explanation, from the beginnings of Ancient Greek philosophy in 600 bc, through the Graeco‐Roman world, ... More


The Second Analogy: Causality

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter gives an analysis of Kant’s attempt to prove the causal principle in the Second Analogy. After presenting an analysis of Kant’s strategy that draws on the work of Lewis White Beck, it ... More


Global Egalitarianism

Lea Ypi

in Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593873
eISBN:
9780191731426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593873.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the controversy between statists and cosmopolitans with regard to the principles of global justice. It shows how on issues of principle both tend to condemn the consequences ... More


The Extent of Self-Predication in the Earlier Dialogues

John Malcolm

in Plato on the Self-Predication of Forms: Early and Middle Dialogues

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239062
eISBN:
9780191679827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239062.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter considers and rejects two views which propose that self-predication is implicitly pervasive in Plato's earlier writings. The first is the Causal Principle which states that a cause must ... More


Three More Likely Sources for the Paradigm Case

John Malcolm

in Plato on the Self-Predication of Forms: Early and Middle Dialogues

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239062
eISBN:
9780191679827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239062.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines three leading explanations for Plato's positing the Form as paradigm case. These are (1) such entities were introduced to enable one to understand what it is to be something for ... More


The Idea of a Supreme Being

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a reading of the Third Meditation argument from objective reality according to which Descartes’ central premise—the causal principle that the cause of the objective reality of an ... More


Mind–Body Interactionism

Andrew R. Platt

in One True Cause: Causal Powers, Divine Concurrence, and the Seventeenth-Century Revival of Occasionalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190941796
eISBN:
9780190941826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190941796.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 3 argues that Descartes’ views about mind–body interaction are internally consistent, and compatible with his more general views about causation; thus neither Descartes nor his followers were ... More


The Caused Beginning of the Universe

William Lane Craig

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues against Quentin Smith's proposition about the uncaused beginning of the universe. It suggests that Smith failed to carry the second prong of his argument that the universe began ... More


The Uncaused Beginning of the Universe

Quentin Smith

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues that there is sufficient evidence at present to warrant the conclusion that the universe probably began to exist over 10 billion years ago and that it began to exist without being ... More


Causation and Similarity in Descartes

Geoffrey Gorham

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes believed that causation is intelligible only if the cause and effect are similar, since it is impossible to understand how the reality of an effect can owe anything to the reality of its ... More


Science and Sophistry

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson considers the treatment of causation and explanation in two important strands of Ancient Greek thought: rational medicine and the sophistic movement. The Hippocratic ... More


The Generalizing Theories: Adequate Cause

H. L. A. Hart

in Causation in the Law

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254744
eISBN:
9780191681523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254744.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

As their name suggests, the generalizing theories insist that, if a particular act or event is a cause of something, its status as a cause is derived from the fact that it is of a kind believed to be ... More


The Old Stoics

ALAN SCOTT

in Origen and the Life of the Stars: A History of an Idea

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263616
eISBN:
9780191682612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263616.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the Stoic school, founded by Zeno in 301, which was succeeded in turn by Cleanthes and Chrysippus. The Stoics differed from Plato and Aristotle in denying that spiritual ... More


Descartes and the Action of Body on Mind

Nicholas Jolley

in Causality and Mind: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669554
eISBN:
9780191763076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669554.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some modern scholars such as Loeb have defended Descartes’ doctrine of mind-body interaction by arguing that it is not inconsistent with his Causal Adequacy Principle. This chapter seeks to extend ... More


From Possible Causes II

Alexander R. Pruss and Joshua L. Rasmussen

in Necessary Existence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198746898
eISBN:
9780191809118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746898.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter searches for the logically weakest causal principle that can be found that would establish the existence of a necessary being. First the most general principle of causation is presented ... More


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