Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 55 items

  • Keywords: causal powers x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Is Non‐reductive Physicalism Viable within a Causal Powers Metaphysic?

Timothy O'Connor and John Ross Churchill

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The chapter presents a version of the causal exclusion challenge to non‐reductive physicalism regarding mental states, one that is explicitly directed at non‐reductive physicalists who adopt an ... More


Understanding Human Agency

Erasmus Mayr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Our self‐understanding as human agents includes commitment to three crucial claims about human agency: That agents must be active, that actions are part of the natural order, and that intentional ... More


The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Barbara Hannan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is an introduction to the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer. The peculiar inconsistencies and tensions in Schopenhauer's thought are emphasized. A main theme of the book is that ... More


Categorial Ontology and Scientific Essentialism

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The sense in which laws are necessary is reviewed. The relationship between natural laws and natural kinds is emphasized. The relationship between natural laws and causal powers is further explored, ... More


Nonreductive Physicalism or Emergent Dualism? The Argument from Mental Causation

Timothy O'Connor and John Ross Churchill

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a version of the causal exclusion challenge to non-reductive physicalism, one that is explicitly directed at non-reductive physicalists who adopt an ontology of causal powers. ... More


Two Concepts of Realization, Mental Causation, and Physicalism

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Two Concepts of Realization, Mental Causation, and Physicalism” compares and evaluates two accounts of realization, the standard second‐order account and Sydney Shoemaker's new “subset” account. ... More


Matter, Omnipotence, and Our Idea of Necessity

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter's particular concern is to identify and describe the way in which Hume's discussion of our idea of necessity (T,1.3.14) is intimately and intricately related to a number of theological ... More


A new causal power theory

Kevin B. Korb, Erik P. Nyberg, and Lucas Hope

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0030
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The causal power of C over E is (roughly) the degree to which changes in C cause changes in E. A formal measure of causal power would be very useful, as an aid to understanding and modelling complex ... More


Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

George Molnar

Stephen Mumford (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book sees that the solution to a number of the problems of contemporary philosophy lies in the development of an alternative to Hume's metaphysics. This alternative would have real causal powers ... More


Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement

Nancy Cartwright

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235071
eISBN:
9780191597169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235070.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book on the philosophy of science argues for an empiricism, opposed to the tradition of David Hume, in which singular rather than general causal claims are primary; causal laws express facts ... More


Robust Nonreductive Physicalism

Derk Pereboom

in Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764037
eISBN:
9780199895243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 7 sets out a robust conception of nonreductive physicalism in which mental entities, either type or token, are not identical with neural or microphysical entities, and mental causes are ... More


Causation

Richard Swinburne

in The Christian God

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235125
eISBN:
9780191598579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235127.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Causation is a basic category, not reducible to anything else. Intentional causation is a species of causation of which we are aware when we try to move our limbs. Talk of ‘laws of nature’ is ... More


Three Major Themes of Schopenhauer's Philosophy: Transcendental Idealism, Panpsychism, and Determinism

Barbara Hannan

in The Riddle of the World: A Reconsideration of Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378948
eISBN:
9780199869589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378948.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, the following are explained in detail and evaluated: (1) Schopenhauer's transcendental idealism; (2) Schopenhauer's metaphysics of Will, which may be described as a kind of animism ... More


Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Walter Ott

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Some philosophers think physical explanations stand on their own: what happens, happens because things have the properties they do. Others think that any such explanation is incomplete: what happens ... More


Causal learning in rats and humans:: A minimal rational model

Michael R. Waldmann, Patricia W. Cheng, York Hagmayer, and Aaron P. Blaisdell

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The authors bring together human and animal studies, with a particular focus on causal learning. Whereas the traditional associative approach to learning views learning contingencies as basic, and ... More


The Metaphysics of Free Will

Timothy O'Connor

in Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops the basic metaphysics of agent causation. The author analyzes causal notions generally in terms of the notion of ’causal power’ or ’causal capacity.’ The difference between ... More


Supervenience and Causation

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259455.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Addresses two outstanding worries about ethical non‐naturalism. The first, developed primarily by Simon Blackburn, is that this form of moral realism cannot provide an adequate account of the ... More


Kant's Rejection of Reducibility

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In his early work (1747‐56), Kant is Leibnizian in his commitment to a distinction between things in themselves and phenomena, grounded on a contrast between intrinsic and relational properties. He ... More


Mental Compositional Properties

Derk Pereboom

in Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764037
eISBN:
9780199895243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 8 develops a model of the mental that is not functional in the external-relations sense; that is, one in which the essences of types of mental properties do not consist in their causal ... More


Freedom to Act

Donald Davidson

in Essays on Actions and Events

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This Essay defends the view that freedom to act is a causal power. Davidson believes that an agent is free to act if he can act intentionally, and he can so act in virtue of having beliefs and ... More


View: