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Causal Mechanisms and Process Tracing

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines how the qualitative and quantitative research traditions empirically assess theories about mechanisms when making causal inferences. In the qualitative paradigm, researchers ... More


Three Principles for Cognitive Aging Research: Multiple Causes and Sequelae, Variance in Expression and Response, and the Need for Integrative Theory

Randy L. Buckner

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses why variance might exist in cognitive decline, organizing the discussion around three principles. The first principle is that multiple, co-occurring causal mechanisms ... More


Causal mechanisms in the social realm

Daniel Little

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The chapter considers the specific characteristics of causal relations among social structures, processes, and activities. Against the Humean idea that causal relations are defined by facts about ... More


Religious Trajectories from the Teenage Years: With Kyle Longest

Christian Smith

in Souls in Transition: The Religious Lives of Emerging Adults in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371796
eISBN:
9780199870899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371796.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter identifies factors related to the teenage years that correlate statistically with religious differences during the emerging adult years and that act as causal influences of those ... More


Teaching the Critics: One Route through The Elementary Forms

Terry F. Godlove, Jr.

in Teaching Durkheim

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195165272
eISBN:
9780199784554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165276.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a sympathetic portrayal of Durkheim's “theory of religion” in the Elementary Forms of Religious Life (EF) in the context of major criticisms of that work. It shows that EF puts ... More


Understanding Social Change

Anthony F. Heath, John Ermisch, and Duncan Gallie (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

These chapters not only describe the major changes in British society in recent years, but seek to understand and explain what is happening in British society. One of the themes running through this ... More


Manipulating Colour: Pounding an Almond

John Campbell

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the role that the experience of colour plays in having colour concepts. It is argued that the experience which is relevant to having colour concepts is experience that informs ... More


On the origin of causal understanding

Susan Carey

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the origins of causal understanding. It analyses studies where causal reasoning characterizes the basic causal mechanisms in terms of which people explain the world around them. ... More


Foundations: Causation and Causal Inference

Paul Shaffer

in Q-Squared: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199676903
eISBN:
9780191756269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676903.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins the investigation of the causal stage in poverty analysis which asks ‘why are people poor’.It makes a case for causal pluralism on grounds that there are different conceptions of ... More


Q2 Causal Analysis: Exploring the Drivers of Poverty Status and Dynamics 1

Paul Shaffer

in Q-Squared: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199676903
eISBN:
9780191756269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676903.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the empirical application of the ‘conditional association’ and ‘mechanism-based’ approaches to causation. It makes a preliminary distinction between poverty status and dynamics, ... More


Causal mechanisms for HIA: learning from epidemiology

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health impact assessors who wish to advise policy makers and base their health impact assessment (HIA) on the fullest scientific evidence must understand the potential and pitfalls of epidemiology. ... More


How Generosity Enhances Well-Being

Beaster-Christian Smith and Hilary Davidson

in The Paradox of Generosity: Giving We Receive, Grasping We Lose

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199394906
eISBN:
9780199394937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394906.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The second chapter turns to the crucial issue of cause and effect. Does generosity actually increase well-being or, rather, is it prior well-being that produces more generosity? It may be, some ... More


Processes of Change in International Organizations

Devesh Kapur

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Although international institutions are a ubiquitous feature of international life, little is known about their trajectories of change. This chapter attempts to address this lacuna by examining ... More


Domestic Coalition Shifts in War Termination since 1862

in Paths to Peace: Domestic Coalition Shifts, War Termination and the Korean War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762694
eISBN:
9780804772372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762694.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter investigates the domestic coalition shift theory using quantitative analysis of all interstate wars since 1862. The dataset of interstate wars after World War II is reviewed, which ... More


Relating Citizenship Rights and Social Movements over Time

Joe Foweraker and Todd Landman

in Citizenship Rights and Social Movements: A Comparative and Statistical Analysis

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199240463
eISBN:
9780191696831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240463.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter turns to the relationship between rights and social movements, and deploys a variety of quantitative methods in order to examine this relationship both within and across cases. These ... More


Mechanisms of Authoritarian Image Management

Alexander Dukalskis

in Making the World Safe for Dictatorship

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197520130
eISBN:
9780197520161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197520130.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, International Relations and Politics

How exactly do authoritarian states manage their image abroad, and what are the causal chains linking their activities to their desired outcomes of internal and external security? This chapter ... More


The Microfoundations: Four Types of Diaspora Entrepreneurs and a Two-level Typological Theory

Maria Koinova

in Diaspora Entrepreneurs and Contested States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198848622
eISBN:
9780191883064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848622.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 3 is the second theoretical chapter focusing on the individual-level perspective on diaspora mobilizations and the two-level typological theory. How do the four types of diaspora ... More


Are natural kinds and natural properties distinct?

Emma Tobin

in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674527
eISBN:
9780191760013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674527.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the distinction between natural kinds and natural properties. Some theorists deny the distinction, and claim that natural kinds can be identified with properties. For example, ... More


The Theoretical Model: Causal Mechanisms and Hypotheses

Michael Zürn

in A Theory of Global Governance: Authority, Legitimacy, and Contestation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198819974
eISBN:
9780191860133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198819974.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The authority–legitimation link states that international institutions exercising authority need to nurture the belief in their legitimacy. The authority–legitimation link points to fundamental ... More


Postscript

Frank C. Zagare

in Game Theory, Diplomatic History and Security Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198831587
eISBN:
9780191869525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831587.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Applied Mathematics

In this chapter, developments in game theory over time are summarized, and the utility of game theory for analyzing conflictual interstate relationships is evaluated. The most important point to be ... More


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