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Efficacy, Causing, and Relevance

Helen Steward

in The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 5, it was argued that a proper appreciation of the important differences between singular and sentential explanations is essential if we are to understand properly the ontological and ... More


Particulars, Facts, and Causal Explanations

Helen Steward

in The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the distinction between particulars and facts is crucial to the understanding of the workings of our causal explanations; and that we need to recognize two rather different ... More


The Causal Autonomy of the Special Sciences

Peter Menzies and Christian List

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The systems studied in the special sciences are often said to be causally autonomous, in the sense that their higher‐level properties have causal powers that are independent of those of their more ... More


Causal Theories

William Child

in Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Introduces and explains the basic argument for a causal theory of action‐explanation, and defends it against various non‐causal views of action: explaining an action is explaining why something ... More


Action: Causal Theories and Explanatory Relevance

William Child

in Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If mental causal explanations are grounded in facts about physical causes and effects, and if there are no psychophysical laws, how can we avoid the conclusion that the mental is causally, and ... More


Explanatory Knowledge and Metaphysical Dependence

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Explanatory Knowledge and Metaphysical Dependence” argues that a theory of explanation should above all be a theory of explanatory knowledge, and that as such it should be a part of theory of ... More


A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter turns to the question of the explanation of action. It comments on explanation in general and action explanation in particular, which guides the subsequent discussion of causal action ... More


Event‐Causal Accounts and the Problem of Explanation

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins an examination of event-causal libertarian accounts, which require nondeterministic event causation. This type of view offers satisfactory causal accounts of acting for reasons ... More


How Many Explanations?

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the idea that, in addition to the ‘normative’ explanation of action as characterized in this book, there might not also be causal explanations that appeal to psychological states of the ... More


Causal Pattern Explanations

Angela Potochnik

in Idealization and the Aims of Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226507057
eISBN:
9780226507194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226507194.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 4’s emphasis on understanding leads naturally to a discussion of scientific explanation, as explanations have classically been taken to be the means for creating understanding. The connection ... More


Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

G. F. Schueler

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book involves rethinking the answer to Davidson's question, ”What is the relation between a reason and an action when the reason explains the action by giving the agent's reason for doing what ... More


Logic and language in causal explanation

Denis J. Hilton

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the causal explanation as a conversational practice, and draws on the account of verbal communication in terms of a ‘co-operative principle’ and of ‘maxims of conversation’. It ... More


Causal Explanation

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Three reasons are used to interpolate a chapter on causal explanation into a book about agency. First, the book claims that both the Argument from False Beliefs and the Argument from the Impotence of ... More


Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences

Gurpreet Mahajan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076971
eISBN:
9780199080403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076971.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Social scientists explain events by identifying reasons and causes. Occasionally they weave a series of events into a historical narrative. What is entailed in each kind of explanation? What form of ... More


Causal Explanation within a Risk Factor Framework

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.35
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on construct validity and external validity. Causal explanation enhances research endeavors both by increasing researchers' confidence in the causal effect of their risk factors ... More


Purposes, Causes, and Reasons Explanations

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Why would anyone deny the belief‐desire account of reasons explanations? It is argued here that the real question is whether the purposive, and hence apparently teleological, nature of reasons ... More


Non‐Teleological Explanations of Actions

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There are well‐known arguments in favour of the idea that explanations of actions are at bottom non‐teleological. Michael Smith's ‘direction‐of‐fit’ argument entails this, and both Davidson and ... More


Irreducibility and Causal Efficacy

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues for two corollaries of this metaphysical conception. First, normative facts, properties, and relations are irreducible and sui generis: they cannot be reduced to natural facts, ... More


Explanation: Mechanistic and Otherwise

Stuart Glennan

in The New Mechanical Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198779711
eISBN:
9780191824746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779711.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter offers an abstract account of explanation as such, arguing that explanations involve the construction of models that always show what the targets of explanation depend upon ... More


Goal‐Directed Action

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Argues for a constraint on a proper theory of motivation – namely, that proper motivational explanations of goal‐directed actions are causal explanations. The chapter criticizes the thesis that ... More


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