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Is Non‐reductive Physicalism Viable within a Causal Powers Metaphysic?

Timothy O'Connor and John Ross Churchill

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The chapter presents a version of the causal exclusion challenge to non‐reductive physicalism regarding mental states, one that is explicitly directed at non‐reductive physicalists who adopt an ... More


The Exclusion Problem, the Determination Relation, and Contrastive Causation *

Peter Menzies

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter critically examines the causal exclusion argument against non-reductive physicalism. It argues that a contrastive account of causation falsifies the exclusion principle when it is ... More


Mental Causation and Neural Mechanisms *

James Woodward

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that many of the standard arguments for the causal inertness of the mental rest on mistaken assumptions about causality and causal explanation. An interventionist account ... More


Exclusion Again *

Karen Bennett

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter maintains that the non-reductive physicalist's best strategy for avoiding the causal exclusion argument, as defended in Bennett (2003), is unavailable to dualists. One strategy for ... More


Nonreductive Physicalism or Emergent Dualism? The Argument from Mental Causation

Timothy O'Connor and John Ross Churchill

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a version of the causal exclusion challenge to non-reductive physicalism, one that is explicitly directed at non-reductive physicalists who adopt an ontology of causal powers. ... More


Robust Nonreductive Physicalism

Derk Pereboom

in Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764037
eISBN:
9780199895243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 7 sets out a robust conception of nonreductive physicalism in which mental entities, either type or token, are not identical with neural or microphysical entities, and mental causes are ... More


The Causal Life of Attention

Christopher Mole

in Attention Is Cognitive Unison: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384529
eISBN:
9780199872817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384529.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that the cognitive unison theory of attention is able to account for the causal role that we typically think of attention as playing. The first half of the chapter shows how that ... More


Can Supervenience and “Non‐Strict” Laws Save Anomalous Monism?

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Can Supervenience and ‘Non‐Strict’ Laws Save Anomalous Monism?” is a reply to Donald Davidson's defense of his anomalous monism against the charge that it leads to epiphenomenalism. In “Thinking ... More


Distinctions in Distinction *

Daniel Stoljar

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a putative puzzle between non-reductive physicalism according to which psychological properties are distinct from, yet metaphysically necessitated by, physical properties, ... More


There is No Exclusion Problem

SteinvÖr ThÖll ÁRnadÓttir and Tim Crane

in Mental Causation and Ontology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199603770
eISBN:
9780191747670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603770.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Recent discussions of mental causation have been dominated by one or another formulation of the ‘exclusion problem’ for non-reductive views of the mental. Jaegwon Kim and others have argued that a ... More


Multiple Realization: Keeping It Real

Louise M. Antony

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes Chapter 5's causal exclusion argument to pose a dilemma about the reality of multiple realisable properties: either they are reducible to first-order physical properties or they ... More


The Menace of Non-Physical Causation

Gerald Vision

in Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015844
eISBN:
9780262298599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015844.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the most glaring problems faced by emergentism, specifically those that challenge the alleged causal role of conscious properties and the causation by the mental in general. ... More


Intervening in the Exclusion Argument

James Woodward

in Making a Difference: Essays on the Philosophy of Causation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198746911
eISBN:
9780191809132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746911.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses Peter Menzies’ work on mental causation and the causal exclusion argument. It endorses Menzies’ claim that an interventionist account of causation can cast new light on this ... More


Levels of Being

Gualtiero Piccinini

in Neurocognitive Mechanisms: Explaining Biological Cognition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198866282
eISBN:
9780191903922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866282.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter articulates an egalitarian ontology of levels of composition and realization that provides a foundation for the rest of the book. I reject the widespread assumption that levels form an ... More


Mental Causation and the Autonomy of Psychology

Thomas W. Polger

in The Multiple Realization Book

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198732891
eISBN:
9780191796913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732891.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Failure of multiple realization and success of the identity theory raise a question about the autonomy of psychology from neuroscience. However, the identity of psychological and neuroscientific ... More


Difference-making, Closure, and Exclusion

Brad Weslake

in Making a Difference: Essays on the Philosophy of Causation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198746911
eISBN:
9780191809132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746911.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses Peter Menzies’ work on mental causation and the causal exclusion argument. The author shares with Menzies the conviction that an interventionist account of causation can cast ... More


Two Types of Libertarian Free Will Are Realized in the Human Brain

Peter U. Tse

in Neuroexistentialism: Meaning, Morals, and Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190460723
eISBN:
9780190460754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190460723.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

In Chapter 10, Peter U. Tse describes various developments in neuroscience that reveal how volitional mental events can be causal within a physicalist paradigm and argues that two types of ... More


The Ontology of E. J. Lowe’s Substance Dualism

Alexander Carruth and Sophie Gibb

in Ontology, Modality, and Mind: Themes from the Metaphysics of E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198796299
eISBN:
9780191866807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796299.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

E. J. Lowe’s model of psychophysical causation offers a way of reconciling interactive substance dualism with the causal completeness principle by denying the homogeneity of the causal relata—more ... More


Overdetermination

Daniel Z. Korman

in Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198732532
eISBN:
9780191796760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732532.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The overdetermination argument purports to show that we shouldn’t believe in ordinary composites because anything they cause would be systematically overdetermined by their atomic parts. This chapter ... More


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