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The Psychology of Judgment: Causality Is Pervasive

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the role of causal models in judgment. It is argued that causal modeling plays a central role in the process of judgment when the object of judgment can be construed as a ... More


Developing Information Orientation Maturity in Companies

DONALD A. MARCHAND, WILLIAM J. KETTINGER, and JOHN D. ROLLINS

in Information Orientation: The Link to Business Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252213
eISBN:
9780191714276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252213.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter explores how companies become more mature in their information usage effectiveness. Based on the theoretical underpinnings of each information capability, and the cross-capability ... More


The structural theory of causation

Judea Pearl

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0033
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter presents a general theory of causation based on the Structural Causal Model (SCM) described by Pearl (2000a). The theory subsumes and unifies current approaches to causation, including ... More


Causal modelling, mechanism, and probability in epidemiology

Harold Kincaid

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter looks at interrelated issues concerning causality, mechanisms, and probability with a focus on epidemiology. This chapter argues there is a tendency in epidemiology, one found in other ... More


A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Some in the social sciences argue that the same logic applies to both qualitative and quantitative research methods. This book demonstrates that these two paradigms constitute different cultures, ... More


Understanding Risk and Protective Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides definitions of risk factors and protective factors against delinquency and later offending and discusses some key issues arising in risk factor research, particularly regarding ... More


Towards an Integrated Model of EU Citizenship and Support

David Sanders, Paolo Bellucci, and Gábor Tóka

in The Europeanization of National Polities?: Citizenship and Support in a Post-Enlargement Union

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602346
eISBN:
9780191739163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602346.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter explicitly models reciprocal causal effects, providing a comprehensive and integrated account of EU citizenship attitudes on EU support. While preceding explanatory chapters are all ... More


The Mathematics of Causal Relations

Judea Pearl

in Causality and Psychopathology: Finding the Determinants of Disorders and their Cures

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199754649
eISBN:
9780197565650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199754649.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Almost two decades have passed since Paul Holland published his highly cited review paper on the Neyman-Rubin approach to causal inference (Holland, 1986). Our understanding of causal inference has ... More


Basic, Applied, and Full-Cycle Social Psychology: Enhancing Causal Generalization and Impact

Stephen G. West and William G. Graziano

in Six Degrees of Social Influence: Science, Application, and the Psychology of Robert Cialdini

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199743056
eISBN:
9780190255916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743056.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the tension between basic and applied research and how Robert Cialdini's full-cycle model of social psychology can bridge the gap between the two disciplines. In particular, it ... More


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