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Knowledge of Causal Connection Is Necessary

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

The seventeenth discussion of al-Ghazali’s Incoherence (Tahafut) shows that he remains uncommitted as to whether God creates events in the world in an occasionalist way or by means of secondary ... More


The Value of Passive Contributions

David S. Wendler

in The Ethics of Pediatric Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 focuses on the nature of passive contributions and the extent to which they can have implications for our interests. Contrary to most accounts, it is argued that even purely passive ... More


Causation

Barry Stroud

in Engagement and Metaphysical Dissatisfaction: Modality and Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764969
eISBN:
9780199894970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764969.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that understanding ourselves as believing in causal connections held fully independently of us and our having the responses we do is inconsistent with accepting a negative ... More


Probabilistic Causality

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Provides a critical analysis and comparison of the theories of probabilistic causality offered by Hans Reichenbach I.J. Good and Patrick Suppes. Each of these theories faces some fundamental ... More


The Law of Tort: Causing Harm

H. L. A. Hart

in Causation in the Law

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254744
eISBN:
9780191681523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254744.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter inquires how far in the law of tort are the decisions of the courts have been controlled by the principle that this connection is negatived if the factors required when causal connection ... More


Causation, Compulsion, and Compatibilism

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume claims, famously, that causes do not compel their effects, and so it does not follow that if an action was caused it was compelled (and thus unfree). We get confused on this issue, according to ... More


Introduction

H. L. A. Hart

in Causation in the Law

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254744
eISBN:
9780191681523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254744.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The second part of this book presents a discussion of causation in the law of tort, contract, and in criminal law. Parts of the following chapters are designed to establish that courts have often ... More


Finite complements—putting conceptualizers on stage

Arie Verhagen

in Constructions of Intersubjectivity: Discourse, Syntax, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226702
eISBN:
9780191706646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226702.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses two ways of looking at complements. It describes problems with clauses as constituents, including issues of grammatical analysis like direct object vs. oblique object and ... More


Sexual Solipsism

Rae Langton

in Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247066
eISBN:
9780191594823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247066.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

If solipsism is false but believed, the agent treats people as things (objectification). If solipsism is true but not believed, the agent treats things as people (projective animation). These two ... More


Evidence and Procedure

H. L. A. Hart

in Causation in the Law

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254744
eISBN:
9780191681523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254744.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter deals with certain questions of evidence and procedure as they touch those issues which may, in the broadest sense be termed ‘causal’. How are such issues settled? What is involved in ... More


Dispositions and Modalities

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

in Science & Reason

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Probabilistic connections are simple to reproduce counterfactually or hypothetically, since this involves simply adding the required statements to our evidential corpus without worrying about erasing ... More


Is Reductionism Expressible?

Mark Siderits

in Pointing at the Moon: Buddhism, Logic, Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381559
eISBN:
9780199869244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381559.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Buddhists hold that there is no self. Their view is best represented as a form of ontological reductionism. But this claim is controversial, since Buddhists do not typically put theirs as the view ... More


Necessary and Sufficient Conditions in Tort Law

TONY HONORÉ

in The Philosophical Foundations of Tort Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265795
eISBN:
9780191682971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265795.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Argument about causation inside and outside the law is often concerned with the following question: Must a cause be a necessary condition of a result, a sufficient condition of the result, or a ... More


Causation in Legal Theory

H. L. A. Hart

in Causation in the Law

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254744
eISBN:
9780191681523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254744.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The most frequent type of causal question which courts face is whether a human action or omission caused some specific harm; but even this one form of question may be relevant to legal responsibility ... More


Causation

Cees Van Dam

in European Tort Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672264
eISBN:
9780191751288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672264.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, EU Law

This chapter examines the causal connection between the tortfeasor's conduct or the cause for which he is strictly liable, on the one hand, and the damage, on the other. Problems arise if there is ... More


The Causal Account

David Boersema

in Pragmatism and Reference

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026604
eISBN:
9780262268882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026604.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents the causal account of reference. It defines causal reference as the passage of a name from link to link that secures a causal connection between the name of an object and the ... More


Treating Pornography as a Woman and Women’s Objectification

Lina Papadaki

in Beyond Speech: Pornography and Analytic Feminist Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190257910
eISBN:
9780190257927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257910.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, American Philosophy

Perhaps the most puzzling claim put forward by antipornography feminists is that men use pornography as a woman; they use it to satisfy their sexual desires, as they would with a real woman (a ... More


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