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Particulars, Facts, and Causal Explanations

Helen Steward

in The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the distinction between particulars and facts is crucial to the understanding of the workings of our causal explanations; and that we need to recognize two rather different ... More


Causality at higher levels

Philip Pettit

in Causal Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524021
eISBN:
9780191689093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524021.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyses various types of causal relationships and argues for the legitimacy of causal claims at higher levels. First, it formulates the physicalist doctrine and discusses the ... More


Evidence for the Internal Validity of Research Results

Catherine S. Taylor

in Validity and Validation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199791040
eISBN:
9780190256074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199791040.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses some of the strategies researchers use to control or account for internal threats to validity—factors that threaten causal claims. It first describes experimental and ... More


External Threats to Validity

Catherine S. Taylor

in Validity and Validation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199791040
eISBN:
9780190256074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199791040.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses strategies researchers use to address threats to the external validity (i.e. generalizability) of research results. It describes threats to external validity in terms of ... More


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