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Individual Freedom: Actions

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defending a non-value-based and therefore purely empirical conception of overall freedom must involve showing how available actions can, at least in theory, be individuated and counted. The problems ... More


Some Preliminaries

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces some further distinctions and terminology for the ensuing discussion of action. It notes the distinction between action and activity. It presents the idea of events intrinsic ... More


Toward a force‐dynamic theory of argument realization

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 5, “Toward a force-dynamic theory of argument realization”, provides a critical survey of theories of the role of event structure in argument realization, concluding with the causal chain ... More


Deviant causal chains

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The fifth chapter turns to the ‘mode’ of agential control which defenders of the standard model propose, which consists in an event-causal link between an appropriate mental state of the agent, ... More


The Lack of any Metaphysical Basis for the Doctrines of Intervening Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter looks at the metaphysical possibilities for making sense of there being (literally) breakers of causal chains. The thesis of the chapter is that nothing in nature answers to the concept ... More


Action as Settling: Some Objections

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores some possible objections to the idea that actions are agents’ settlings of hitherto unsettled questions—and considers the case for a deflationary compatibilist understanding of ... More


Simultaneity

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Getting Causes from Powers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Causation has traditionally been understood as a relation that involves the temporal priority of the cause over the effect. But there is a problem with this that is to be found even in Hume’s perfect ... More


The HIPE Theory of Function

LAWRENCE BARSALOU, STEVEN SLOMAN, and SERGIO CHAIGNEAU

in Functional Features in Language and Space: Insights from Perception, Categorization, and Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264339
eISBN:
9780191718519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264339.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter proposes that function is a complex relational concept that draws on many conceptual domains for its content. According to the HIPE theory, these domains include History, Intentional ... More


The Reformation and Early Modern Period: Causal Chains

Matthew Levering

in Predestination: Biblical and Theological Paths

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604524
eISBN:
9780191729317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

The fourth chapter argues that the Reformation and early modern period focuses on trying to clarify the causal chain by which God communicates goodness to some and permits others to lack goodness. ... More


Goal‐Directed Action

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Argues for a constraint on a proper theory of motivation – namely, that proper motivational explanations of goal‐directed actions are causal explanations. The chapter criticizes the thesis that ... More


Theories of causation should inform linguistic theory and vice versa

Bridget Copley and Phillip Wolff

in Causation in Grammatical Structures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199672073
eISBN:
9780191751240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672073.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers a basic introduction to the different approaches philosophers take to causation. These approaches may be divided into two categories: dependency theories, in which a cause C ... More


Divination, Modality, and Universal Regularity

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Cicero On Fate 11–17; Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 208.15–21. Critics of the Stoics tried to show up an inconsistency between Chrysippus’ acceptance of divination, on the one ... More


An Integrative Overview

Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0038
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a model and implications for dealing with artifacts by concentrating on the intervening steps in a theorized causal chain from sources of uncontrolled task-orienting cues to ... More


Causation

Jennifer K. Robbennolt and Valerie P. Hans

in The Psychology of Tort Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780814724941
eISBN:
9780814724712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724941.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the psychology of causal reasoning and the implications of this psychology for tort law. The chapter surveys what is known about counterfactual thinking, a process that is at ... More


Mental Causation as an Instance of Criterial Causation

Peter Ulric Tse

in The Neural Basis of Free Will: Criterial Causation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262019101
eISBN:
9780262313155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019101.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to address philosophical views concerning criterial causation by delving into the nature of causation realized in neurons. Criterial causation emphasizes how patterns of energy, ... More


Agential Systems, Causal Deviance, and Reliability

H. Aguilar Jesús

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0051
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents a plausible strategy, grounded on the proposal that the bodily movement corresponding to an action must be sensitive to the content of the mental state that causes it, for ... More


Causal pluralism and force dynamics

Phillip Wolff

in Causation in Grammatical Structures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199672073
eISBN:
9780191751240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672073.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Causal cognition is characterized by a range of phenomena, including the distinction between cause and enable, transitivity, and causation by omission. Two major classes of causal theories—dependency ... More


Deviant Causal Chains

Scott Sehon

in Free Will and Action Explanation: A Non-Causal, Compatibilist Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198758495
eISBN:
9780191818394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758495.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It should be relatively uncontentious that we often give reasons explanations of human behavior that are teleological in form, and when a behavior is done on purpose, we can say that the agent ... More


Desire and Intention

John Hyman

in Action, Knowledge, and Will

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198735779
eISBN:
9780191799754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735779.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recent work on dispositions offers a new solution to the dispute about whether explanations of intentional action are causal, and shows that it seemed intractable because of a commitment to Humean ... More


Reference beyond the Perceptual Circle

Jerry A. Fodor and Zenon W. Pylyshyn

in Minds without Meanings: An Essay on the Content of Concepts

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027908
eISBN:
9780262320320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027908.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines reference beyond the perceptual circle (PC) based on the argument that whatever is outside the PC that can be referred to must be causally connected, in one way or another, to ... More


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