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Integrating Connectionist Learning and Dynamical Systems Processing: Case Studies in Speech and Lexical Development

Bob McMurray, Jessica S. Horst, Joseph C. Toscano, and Larissa K. Samuelson

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the interplay of dynamical systems and connectionism at the level of both theory and computation. It begins with a discussion of developmental mechanism focusing on two ... More


Mechanistic models of associative and rule-based category learning

Bradley C. Love and Marc Tomlinson

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the relative merits of a variety of category learning models. These include rule-based models, prototype-based models, exemplar-based models, hybrid models, and multiple systems ... More


The neurobiology of categorization

F. Gregory Ashby and Matthew J. Crossley

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.05
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Categorization is the act of responding differently to objects or events in separate classes or categories. It is a vitally important skill that allows us to approach friends and escape foes, to find ... More


Categorization and memory processing

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The models for category learning discussed in the preceding chapters have been developed largely in conjunction with a standard experimental design in which a subject classifies category exemplars ... More


Rules and similarity in adult concept learning

James Close, Ulrike Hahn, and Carl J Hodgetts

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.03
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews studies of rule-based category learning within the human adult literature, and contrasts these results with evidence for similarity-based accounts of category learning (e.g. ... More


Category learning and concept learning in birds

Olga F. Lazareva and Edward A. Wasserman

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.08
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence on the abilities of pigeons to learn a variety of categories. The categories investigated include those based on perceptual similarity, association, and more abstract ... More


Why generalizations are learned

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

As many psychologists have emphasized, human categorization is generally driven by some functional pressure, typically the need to predict or infer certain properties on the basis of perceived ... More


Application of Associative Learning Paradigms to Clinically Relevant Individual Differences in Cognitive Processing

Teresa A. Treat, John K. Kruschke, Richard J. Viken, and Richard M. McFall

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0121
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents efforts to examine clinically relevant individual differences in category learning with complex, socially relevant stimuli, highlighting the generalizability of cognitive ... More


Perceptual Constraints on Implicit Memory for Visual Features: Statistical Learning in Human Infants

Richard N. Aslin

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

Younger and Cohen established a “statistical” approach to visual category formation by asking whether infants are sensitive to the correlations among features in five-feature objects. Their results ... More


Contributions of functional neuroimaging to theories of category learning

Paul J. Reber

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter provides evidence in support of a specific theory of the cognitive representations that support visual category learning using functional magnetic resonance imaging. It reviews data ... More


Shape: A Developmental Product

LINDA B. SMITH

in Functional Features in Language and Space: Insights from Perception, Categorization, and Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264339
eISBN:
9780191718519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264339.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter considers the idea that the perception of object shape — perceptions of the kind that can yield rapid and reliable object recognition — is learned by young children through their actions ... More


Categorization as nonparametric Bayesian density estimation

Thomas L. Griffiths, Adam N. Sanborn, Kevin R. Canini, and Daniel J. Navarro

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The authors apply the state of the art techniques from machine learning and statistics to reconceptualize the problem of unsupervised category learning, and to relate it to previous psychologically ... More


The Benefits and Perils of Attentional Control

Marci S. DeCaro and Sian L. Beilock

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on investigating the benefits and disadvantages of attentional control. It reviews scientific investigatons undertaken in this field across a wide range of tasks involving ... More


The Complementary Properties of Holistic and Analytic Representations of Shape

John E. Hummel

in Perception of Faces, Objects, and Scenes: Analytic and Holistic Processes

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195313659
eISBN:
9780199848058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313659.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that holistic and analytical processes are served by different systems because they have different computational requirements. Holistic object representations are generated and ... More


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