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The Logical Textbooks and Topical Reasoning: Types of Argument

John Marenbon

in Boethius

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134070
eISBN:
9780199868094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134079.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Discusses Boethius's logical monographs: his treatises on division, on categorical syllogisms, and most importantly, his works on the theory of topical argument and on hypothetical syllogisms. The ... More


Beware of Syllogism: Statistical Reasoning and Conjecturing According to Peirce

Isaac Levi

in Pragmatism and Inquiry: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199698134
eISBN:
9780191742323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698134.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In 1865 and 1866, Peirce appealed to Aristotle’s proposal that an inductive inference be understood as a transformation of a categorical syllogism by permuting the major premise and the conclusion ... More


Syllogistic Tense Logic

Alexander Broadie

in Introduction to Medieval Logic

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240266
eISBN:
9780191680137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240266.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, History of Philosophy

The term ‘syllogism’ was used in a wide sense to signify any piece of reasoning, theoretical or practical. Within the area of theoretical reasoning, a distinction was drawn between categorical and ... More


Hamilton's Quantification of the Predicate

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

These essays offer an exposition and defense of William Hamilton's theory that categorical propositions implicitly involve quantification over the predicate term; e.g., for Hamilton, “All S is P” is ... More


Galen, Christians, logic

Jonathan Barnes

in Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263235
eISBN:
9780191734328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263235.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The three subjects — Galen, Christians, and logic — have two things in common. First, they are major aspects of the ancient world: Galen was one of the three most influential scientists of antiquity ... More


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