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 Russellian Speculations

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores Russell’s idea that reflection on the nature of scientific inquiry prompts a version of the ignorance hypothesis, an idea much discussed in contemporary philosophy. As ... More


Introduction—Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an introduction to the topics of this book — the metaphysics of laws of nature and of natural properties. Three views of laws are introduced: the regularity view; the nomic ... More


Dispositional and Categorical Properties

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One popular view of dispositions turns them into ‘higher‐level’ properties with categorical ‘realizers’. The position is motivated in part by the belief that the same disposition can have different ... More


The Identity Theory

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Intrinsic properties of concrete objects are simultaneously dispositional and qualitative: properties are powerful qualities. This ‘surprising identity’ can be motivated by considering liabilities of ... More


Decomposing the mass/count distinction: Evidence from languages that lack it *

Martina Wiltschko

in Count and Mass Across Languages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter establishes that not all languages have a grammaticized mass/count distinction and consequently we have to distinguish between ontological properties associated with nouns and ... More


Powers in Contemporary Philosophy

Jennifer McKitrick

in Powers: A History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190925512
eISBN:
9780190925550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190925512.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Four metaphysicians, Charlie Martin, David Lewis, David Armstrong, and George Molnar, offer distinctive approaches to understanding powers. Martin challenges the widely held view that disposition ... More


Constructing “Objects”

Jody Azzouni

in Ontology Without Borders

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190622558
eISBN:
9780190622589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190622558.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Laws and the use of induction to establish laws don’t require objects. The reasons for thinking this are analyzed and refuted. Next, the role of the principle of indiscernibles and Leibniz’s law in ... More


Quantum Bayesianism 2: Challenges

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Three more substantive challenges that the quantum Bayesian faces are presented: 1) Can a sensible ontology be found for the approach? 2) Can requisite sense of quantum explanations be made? and 3) ... More


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