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Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Catharine Cookson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religious free exercise conflicts occur when religiously compelled behavior (whether action or inaction) appears to violate a law that contraindicates or even criminalizes such behavior. Fearful of ... More


Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Over the last several decades, advocates have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including principlism, wide ... More


Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Hugo Adam Bedau

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book demonstrates the usefulness of “casuistry”, or “the method of cases” in arriving at moral decisions. It examines well-known cases that compel us to consider questions about who ought to ... More


 Distinguishing Features of Women's Health Care

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Sex and gender differences in women’s health care are delineated. Models of the physician-patient relationship and casuistic and principlist methods of moral reasoning are critiqued on grounds of ... More


 Paternalism and Its Justification

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the four features of paternalism: (1) benefits the patient, (2) needs moral justification, (3) does not have patient’s consent, and (4) the patient believes he can make his own ... More


The Process of Casuistry

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Examines and describes in detail the casuistical method of conflict resolution, noting the importance of principles, paradigms, presumptions, analogies, and “the particulars.” Casuistry is neither a ... More


Ethical Reflection and Instruction

Gerald McKenny

in The Analogy of Grace: Karl Barth's Moral Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199582679
eISBN:
9780191722981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582679.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

How and by whom is it decided which among the possible courses of action available to the agent in a situation of choice is the one that God commands? This question is made both difficult and urgent ... More


Jephthah's Daughter and Sacrifice

John L. Thompson

in Writing the Wrongs: Women of the Old Testament among Biblical Commentators from Philo through the Reformation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137361
eISBN:
9780199834730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137361.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Feminist readers have seen Jephthah's sacrifice of his daughter not only as her unlawful abuse at a father's hands, but also as the nexus of other injustices and indignities, including that Jephthah ... More


The Conscience as a Syllogism

Ceri Sullivan

in The Rhetoric of the Conscience in Donne, Herbert, and Vaughan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547845
eISBN:
9780191720901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547845.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Meg Lota Brown and Camille Slights have considered how metaphysical poetry relates to that form of Stuart ethical discussion known as case casuistry, where individual situations are considered in ... More


A Critique of the Court's Free Exercise Clause Jurisprudence in the U.S. Supreme Court Case of Employment Division v. Smith

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The 1990 case of Employment Division v. Smith was decided against the defendants, but when analyzed using casuistry it is found to be an easy case for upholding their free exercise right. The state ... More


BEYOND VAPORWARE?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A goal of machine morality is not just to raise many questions but to provide a resource for further development of artificial moral agents. Chapter 9 surveys software that is currently under ... More


Burden/Benefit Analysis

Donna Yarri

in The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195181791
eISBN:
9780199835744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181794.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Most arguments regarding the use and treatment of animals in experimentation tend to assume that animal research is necessary for human well-being. What is needed in the discussion, though, is a ... More


Sexual Passion

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Clerical moralists looked upon sexual desire as the most dangerous of the passions, and most continued to preach an impractical and repressive rigorism throughout the eighteenth century. Their hatred ... More


Casuistry: Ruled by Cases

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

After rejecting several mistaken understandings of what “casuistry” denotes, I focus on a key defining feature– its reliance on analogy as a form of reasoning—and discuss arguments to be made on ... More


Preference, Principle, and Political Casuistry

Eric D. Knowles and Peter H. Ditto

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

To say that someone is a person of principle is high praise; to declare that he or she is driven by personal preference is a damning critique. This chapter examines judgments of preference and ... More


Theory, Practice, and Moral Reasoning

Gerald Dworkin

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter discusses the various ways in which ethical theory and moral practice relate to one another. Various proposals are discussed and evaluated, such as that the relation is a deductive one, ... More


The ethics of communication in cancer and palliative care

Laura A Siminoff

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

There are two approaches to cancer communication and ethics. First, ethics in cancer communication can refer to the ethical implications of cancer communication. Second, it can refer to the ethics of ... More


The Bad Physician: Casuistry and Augustinian Charity in Biathanatos

Katrin Ettenhuber

in Donne's Augustine: Renaissance Cultures of Interpretation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199609109
eISBN:
9780191729553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609109.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter investigates another neglected work by Donne: Biathanatos, his treatise on suicide (composed c. 1608; published 1647). Donne's engagement with Augustine focuses on the City of God; ... More


Introduction

Cécile Fabre

in Cosmopolitan War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199567164
eISBN:
9780191746055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567164.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The introduction sets the stage for the book. It claims that a book-length cosmopolitan theory of the just war is needed in the face of the growing but separate development of cosmopolitan theory and ... More


Prevention vs. Treatment: How Do We Allocate Scarce Resources from Jewish Ethical Perspectives?

Alan Jotkowitz and Shimon Glick

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Casuistry has been suggested as the optimal methodology to analyze modern bioethical dilemmas and this methodology can used to develop a Jewish ethic towards preventive care. A number of Biblical ... More


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