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The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Douglas Kriner and Francis Shen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Many have long suspected that when America takes up arms it is a rich man's war, but a poor man's fight. Despite these concerns about social inequality in military sacrifice, the hard data to ... More


The Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins by presenting the main arguments of the book, which challenge the conventional view that the human costs of war can be understood as a single, aggregate total. To account fully ... More


Inequality and U.S. Casualties from WWII to Iraq

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents data that provide strong evidence that U.S. combat casualties are not distributed uniformly across society. Beginning with the Korean War, some communities, particularly those ... More


Do Casualty Gaps Matter?

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A series of controlled experiments were conducted to determine whether knowledge of a casualty gap affects citizens' support for America's war efforts. This chapter shows that explicit discussion of ... More


Political Ramifications of the Iraq Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Combining individual-level survey data with state and county electoral returns, this chapter empirically investigates whether the relationships between local casualties, public opinion, and voting ... More


The Casualty Gap and Civic Engagement

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Through a series of empirical analyses of individual-level survey data from the National Election Study and the Social Capital Benchmark Survey, as well as analysis of aggregate electoral turnout ... More


The Future of the Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter speculates about the future of the casualty gap. It argues that, due to advances in medical technology and the likely small scale of future conflicts, a “wounded gap” will become an ... More


DER and remaining considerations

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers a number of remaining questions following the arguments of the previous chapters: Does one owe reparations for causing foreseen harm? How (considering cases Quinn proposes) ... More


International War Supervenes: March 1998–June 1999

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the aims and the conduct of the NATO bombing campaign against the Yugoslavia; the refugee crisis and civilian casualties of the campaign; and the diplomatic events leading to the final ... More


The Six-Day War of 1899: Hong Kong in the Age of Imperialism

Patrick H. Hase

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098992
eISBN:
9789882207592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098992.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In 1899, a year after the Convention of Peking leased the New Territories to Britain, the British moved to establish control. This triggered resistance by some of the population of the New ... More


Secrets and Lies: Misinformation and Counter-Terrorism

Adrian Guelke

in Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265901
eISBN:
9780191772047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265901.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The response of Western governments to the threat posed by mass-casualty terrorism has resulted in a widening gulf between their theory and practice of counter-terrorism and their proclaimed ... More


Business Patterns and Digital Applications in the Insurance Industry

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the history of how the insurance industry has evolved since the 1950s, and what information technology applications it embraced. It then describes the extent of the use of IT ... More


Selection, Occupational Assignment, and the Emergence of the Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the capacity of two mechanisms to explain the casualty gaps that emerged in each of the four wars: selection into the armed forces and occupational assignment within the ... More


How Local Casualties Shape Politics

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The death of a soldier can affect an entire community. Friends and neighbors, politicians and community leaders, and even just readers of the local newspaper join in the grieving, mourning, and ... More


Political Ramifications of the Vietnam Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses the following questions: All else being equal, do high local casualty rates erode residents' support for war and increase their willingness to vote against incumbent ... More


The Monuments to the War Dead in Classical Athens: Form, Contexts, Meanings

POLLY LOW

in Cultures of Commemoration: War Memorials, Ancient and Modern

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264669
eISBN:
9780191753985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264669.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses one of the best-known instances of classical commemoration: the public funeral and collective burial and commemoration of the Athenian war dead. Its particular aim is to ... More


The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Mark Harrison

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

During the First World War, Great Britain invested a great deal in its medical services, and in most theatres of the war they were considered vital to military efficiency. It was at that point widely ... More


Police Patrols and Fire Alarms in U.S. Foreign Policy

Linda L. Fowler

in Watchdogs on the Hill: The Decline of Congressional Oversight of U.S. Foreign Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151618
eISBN:
9781400866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151618.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines partisan calculations about party reputations as influences on routine and event-driven public hearings, using the classic typology of police patrols and fire alarms. It ... More


The State of War

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The rigours of war intensified not only patriotism but further retreat into private concern for the well-being of self and body. Plunder from occupied Europe compensated for some shortages inside ... More


Introduction

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This introductory chapter places the First World War in the context of previous conflicts and sets the scene for the following chapters, with an overview of developments in British military medicine ... More


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