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Production, Entitlements and Nutrition

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The problem of public action in combating persistent undernutrition and endemic deprivation is raised. The argument is made for broadening the attention from food self‐sufficiency to food adequacy, ... More


From Agrarian Crisis to the Black Death

David Stone

in Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the demesne farm of Wisbech Barton during the early 14th century, a period often viewed as the demographic and economic turning point of the Middle Ages. It reveals that reeves ... More


Euonymon: The Agriculture and Economy of the Classical Athenian Deme

Alfonso Moreno

in Feeding the Democracy: The Athenian Grain Supply in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228409
eISBN:
9780191711312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228409.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents a case study of the agriculture and economy of the large suburban deme Euonymon. Archaeological evidence from this deme and its neighbors on the southern Athenian plain and the ... More


Hand to Mouth: Grain in Late Antiquity

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 3 deals with the production of cereal crops and subsistence requirements. Quantitative studies offer tentative yields and consumption rates. from this chapter's calculations, it appears that ... More


Familiar Strategies

Thirsk Joan

in Alternative Agriculture: A History: From the Black Death to the Present Day

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208136
eISBN:
9780191677922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208136.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses the importance of pastures, arable rotation, industrial and cash crops, game reserves, warrens, and woodlands to ... More


Gender and Rural Livelihoods: Agricultural Commercialization and Farm/Non-Farm Diversification

Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt

in Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198799283
eISBN:
9780191839641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799283.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines possible discrimination against female farm managers with respect to prices or market segmentation. Patterns of commercialization are fluid. Particular countries stand out with ... More


Taxes and Subsidies on Different Goods in the Rural Sector

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A major issue facing many less developed countries (LDCs) is whether cash crops such as sugar cane, tobacco, and agricultural inputs such as fertilizers and tractors (collectively referred to as ... More


Ankole: Marriage and the Ethnicity of Sex, 1925–69

Shane Doyle

in Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explains why, compared to Buganda and Buhaya, sex and marriage in Ankole before the 1970s were characterized by stability and restraint. Local ethnic rivalry, a greater fear of violent ... More


Conclusion: The Future of American Law

William E. Nelson

in The Common Law of Colonial America: Volume I: The Chesapeake and New England 1607-1660

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195327281
eISBN:
9780199870677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327281.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

By 1660, two regional bodies of law had begun to emerge in the continental English colonies—one in the North and one in the South. The North's law was more egalitarian; the South's, more ... More


Natural Settings: Potential and Constraints

Suraj Bhan Bhardwaj

in Contestations and Accommodations: Mewat and Meos in Mughal India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199462797
eISBN:
9780199086795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199462797.003.0003
Subject:
History, Indian History

The chapter focuses on Mewat’s ecology and its impact on economy. It discusses the region’s physiography: soils, rocks, minerals, and climate. Mewat being largely semi-arid and rocky with limited ... More


Minor Crops and Major Opportunities in Dolakha, Nepal

Nina B. Holmelin

in Climate Change and the Future of Himalayan Farming

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199475476
eISBN:
9780199097739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199475476.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Science, Technology and Environment

The village Maina Pokhari in Nepal has experienced a substantial degree of return migration after years of out-migration. Returned migrants take up farming and experiment with new cash crops. These ... More


Rethinking the Resource Curse

Lawrence P. Markowitz

in State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451874
eISBN:
9780801469466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter lays out the theoretical framework for comparing weak states with immobile capital. The framework introduces the variables that structure rent-seeking, and specifies the mechanisms of ... More


Cropping Pattern and Agricultural Productivity

Dhian Kaur

in Economic Geography: Volume 1: Land, Water, and Agriculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458417
eISBN:
9780199086757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458417.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents a comprehensive review of the works done on contemporary themes in agricultural geography such as cropping pattern, crop combinations, crop diversifications, agricultural ... More


Wildfire: Tobacco Contract Farming

Parker Shipton

in Credit Between Cultures: Farmers, Financiers, and Misunderstanding in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300116038
eISBN:
9780300162929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300116038.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter compares the tobacco-growing project of British American Tobacco (BAT) with the government and international aid agencies' projects in Kenya, revealing that the tobacco-growing project ... More


Coffee, Rubber, and Cotton: Cash Crops, Forced Labor, and Fascist Imperialism in Ethiopia, Mozambique, and Eastern Europe

Tiago Saraiva

in Fascist Pigs: Technoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035033
eISBN:
9780262335706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

The fifth chapter takes coffee, rubber and cotton, three typical elements of colonial plantation stories, and delves into Italian occupation of Ethiopia, German imperial rule in Eastern Europe, and ... More


Chocolate: Luxury and Livelihood

Dale Walters

in Chocolate Crisis: Climate Change and Other Threats to the Future of Cacao

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781683401674
eISBN:
9781683402343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401674.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

More than half of the world’s chocolate comes from two countries in West Africa where it is produced by smallholders working just a few acres of land, and who have likely never tasted chocolate. ... More


Hesitant Sovereignties: Logics, Logistics, and Aesthetics of French Rule

François G. Richard

in Reluctant Landscapes: Historical Anthropologies of Political Experience in Siin, Senegal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226252407
eISBN:
9780226252681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226252681.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 7 revisits the problems of colonialism and the colonial state by analyzing the brittle foundations of French power in rural Senegal and the deeply contested history of colonial rule in the ... More


Commerce, Currencies, and Commodities

Geoffrey C. Gunn

in History Without Borders: The Making of an Asian World Region (1000–1800)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083343
eISBN:
9789882208988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083343.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter identifies the major commodities traded across the East-Southeast Asian world region, drawing the contours of exchange and trade mechanisms. It seeks to explain the emergence of ... More


Learning and Re-Learning How to Plant: The Impact of New Crops on the Spread and Control of New Agricultural Knowledge in the Ecuadorian Andes

Nicole Bourque

in Knowledge and Learning in the Andes: Ethnographic Perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235187
eISBN:
9781846313424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235187.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter analyses the process of learning and the possession and distribution of agricultural knowledge. It presents a case study that investigates the introduction of cash crops in Sucre in the ... More


Piney Woods Patriarchs: Class Relations and the Growth of Slavery

Victoria E. Bynum

in "The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition": Mississippi's Longest Civil War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627052
eISBN:
9781469628011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627052.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the transition of Jones County, Mississippi, from a frontier society in 1830 to a slave-based, commercial community by 1860 as self-sufficient farming and herding increasingly ... More


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