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The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Bettelou Los

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This book describes the historical emergence and spread of the to-infinitive in English. It shows that to + infinitive emerged from a reanalysis of the preposition to plus a deverbal nominalization, ... More


Genitive case in Middle English

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

By the end of the Middle English period, the -s genitive in Middle English had changed its character. This chapter documents the evidence for the nature of this possessive marker in Early and Late ... More


Genitive case and the typology of case marking

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter outlines the theoretical orientation of the book and the rationale for a new study. The nature of the genitive case is examined and the use of typology in historical syntax is discussed. ... More


Clausal Syntactic Roles (“Grammatical Relations”)

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The syntactic roles (grammatical relations) of subject and object are semantically irregular but their syntactic behavior is claimed to be syntactically unified, thereby justifying the existence of ... More


Universals Constrain Change; Change Results in Typological Generalizations

Paul Kiparsky

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents an absolute explanation for universal patterns. The following criteria should converge to identify true universals: (1) universals have no exceptions (for what does not arise by ... More


Genitive case in Old English

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter looks at the use and syntax of the genitive case in Old English. It forms the basis for the discussion of the changes examined in the remaining chapters. Particular attention is paid to ... More


The rise of to-infinitival Exceptional Case-Marking

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the rise of to-infinitival Exceptional Case-Marking (ECM) constructions as in, He believes the results to be unscientific, in late Middle English. It argues that a distinction ... More


The Changing Languages of Europe

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The main goal of this book is to demonstrate that the languages and dialects of Europe are becoming increasingly alike. This unifying process — that goes at least as far back as the Roman empire — is ... More


A Radical Approach to Syntactic Relations

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The central argument of this chapter is that a construction grammar, in which syntactic structures are paired with their semantic interpretations, can and should dispense with syntactic relations ... More


Intransitive split in Tundra Nenets, or how much semantics can hide behind syntactic alignment

Olesya Khanina

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter investigates whether Basque's case-marking pattern is ergative or semantically-based. While Eastern and Central dialects can be considered to have a loose ergative alignment, Western ... More


Island-sensitivity in Japanese sluicing and some implications ∗

Teruhiko Fukaya

in Sluicing: Cross-Linguistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199645763
eISBN:
9780191741135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645763.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter investigates the island-sensitivity of case-marked sluicing in Japanese by closely examining readings available in sluicing constructions where the correlate to the wh-remnant is a ... More


Verb–Obiect Order In Old English: Variation as Grammatical Competition

Susan Pintzuk

in Syntactic Effects of Morphological Change

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250691
eISBN:
9780191719455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250691.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the possible effects of case-marking on constituent order in Old English, and demonstrates that overt morphology does not play any role in determining verb-object order. The ... More


Case and Middle English Genitive Noun Phrases

Cynthia. L Allen

in Syntactic Effects of Morphological Change

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250691
eISBN:
9780191719455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250691.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter explores the connection between the loss of case-marking morphology in English and some changes which took place within possessive noun phrases. It focuses on appositives to possessors, ... More


Samoan Ergativity as Double Passivization *

Hilda Koopman

in Functional Heads: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199746736
eISBN:
9780199949519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746736.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses the problem of ergative case marking and transitivity in Samoan, a Polynesian language. It argues that the problem reduces to an independent property concerning the syntactic ... More


The case of the Russian copula

Isabelle Roy

in Nonverbal Predication: Copular Sentences at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199543540
eISBN:
9780191747151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543540.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows how the proposed analysis can account for apparently unrelated phenomena in Russian, namely the morphological (short or long) form of the predicate and case assignment with respect ... More


The Force of Lexical Case: German and Icelandic Compared

Dieter Wunderlich

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0025
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Modern German shares many similarities with Modern Icelandic in terms of Case marking. This chapter discusses some differences in the two languages with respect to control and raising-to-object ... More


Split Constituents within NP in the History of English: Commentary on Allen

Željko Bošković

in Syntactic Effects of Morphological Change

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250691
eISBN:
9780191719455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250691.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents a commentary on Chapter 3, which explored the connection between the loss of case-marking and several changes that took place within the possessive noun phrase in English. The ... More


Complexity trade-offs: a case study

Kaius Sinnemäki

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter presents a cross-linguistic approach to measuring grammatical complexity and applies the method to one narrow test-case, namely, the marking of the basic participants of the sentence. ... More


Coordination, gapping, and the Portuguese inflected infinitive: the role of structural ambiguity in syntactic change

Ana Maria Martins

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the change that contributes to the extension of inflected infinitives to the complement of Exceptional Case Marking (ECM) verbs from the sixteenth century on. The chapter is ... More


Asymmetries between arguments of the verb

John A. Hawkins

in Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199664993
eISBN:
9780191748547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter asks why there should be asymmetries and hierarchies between arguments of the verb, i.e., between what are loosely called ‘subjects,’ ‘direct objects,’ and ‘indirect objects’. It ... More


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