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Diseases and Populations

Thomas D. Koepsell and Noel S. Weiss

in Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurrence of Illness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150780
eISBN:
9780199865161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150780.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on characteristics of diseases and of populations that are of special importance in epidemiologic research. Topics discussed include case definition, epidemiologic case ... More


Collecting Public Health Surveillance Data: Creating a Surveillance System

M. Kathleen Glynn and Lorraine C. Backer

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the implementation of the decision to design a public health surveillance system. The first step involves establishing a clear purpose for the surveillance system consistent ... More


Applications: Outbreak Investigation

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The chapter starts with a discussion of the conditions that may lead to outbreaks of disease, such as the presence of a large proportion of susceptibles in the population. This initial overview also ... More


Case-Control Studies

Thomas D. Koepsell and Noel S. Weiss

in Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurrence of Illness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150780
eISBN:
9780199865161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150780.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses case-control studies. Topics covered include retrospective ascertainment of exposure status in cases and controls, case definition, control definition, control of confounding ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease and Vascular Dementia

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.05
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the frequency with which dementing illnesses occur in populations, their distributions by personal characteristics, and what is known about their causes and potential protective ... More


Migraine and Tension-Type Headache

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides information on the epidemiology of headache, with major sections devoted to migraine and tension-type headache. The clinical features of each headache type are discussed, and ... More


Surveillance and diagnostics

Shelly Bolotin, Helen Quinn, and Peter McIntyre

in Pertussis: Epidemiology, Immunology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198811879
eISBN:
9780191850011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811879.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the characteristics and limitations of diagnostic tests for Bordetella pertussis infection, including bacterial culture, polymerase chain reaction, and serology. It then ... More


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