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Party Organization, Party Democracy, and the Emergence of the Cartel Party (With Richard S. Katz)

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of two chapters on political party organizations and party systems, and discusses party organization, party democracy, and the emergence of the cartel party. It notes that a common ... More


Beyond the Catch‐All Party: Approaches to the Study of Parties and Party Organization in Contemporary Democracies

Steven B. Wolinetz

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are good reasons for re‐examining existing classifications of parties and seeing if others can be developed. However, reworking categories is a complex process, requiring further research and ... More


The Ascendancy of the Party in Public Office: Party Organizational Change in Twentieth‐Century Democracies

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Concerned with the development of party organizations in twentieth‐century democracies, and deals specifically with the shifting balance of power between what has earlier been termed the three ... More


Political Parties and the Public Accountability of Leaders

David Hine

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral accountability of leaders through political parties to the people is essential to representative democracy. Parties have suffered from declines in membership and increasing electoral ... More


Poland: Party System by Default

Krzysztof Jasiewicz

in Party Politics in New Democracies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199289653
eISBN:
9780191710964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the development of political parties and the party system in post-communist Poland. Special attention is given to the ways in which elections, parliamentary and presidential, ... More


Political Parties as Campaign Organizations

David M. Farrell and Paul Webb

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Considers the organizational consequences for parties of the professionalization of election campaigning. This process has gone through three main stages, from pre‐modern, through the TV‐dominated ... More


Sweden: Between Participation Ideal and Professionalism

Magnus Hagevi

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The participation ideal has affected Swedish politics in many ways and at first seems to contradict the notion of a professional political class. Yet, this has never been true for the national level ... More


The Problem

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Most conventional conceptions of what democracy is and of how it should be organized imply particular characteristics and functions for parties and party systems, and particular kinds of ... More


The Cartel Party

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

in Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

In terms of an analogy to economic markets, the political market for parties has nearly always been an oligopoly. In recent decades, that oligopoly has transformed into a cartel, in which the parties ... More


Are Political Parties Meant to Be Internally Democratic?

R. Kenneth Carty

in The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661879
eISBN:
9780191748349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661879.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

As the primary organizational vehicles of electoral democracy political parties are themselves judged in terms of their democratic character. This chapter considers the arguments and evidence of both ... More


Party Standstill in an Era of Change

Piero Ignazi

in Party and Democracy: The Uneven Road to Party Legitimacy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198735854
eISBN:
9780191799815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198735854.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 5 discusses the premises of the emergence of the cartel party with the parties’ resilience to any significant modification in the face of the cultural, societal, and political changes of the ... More


Afterword

Richard S. Katz

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The PPDB shares the strengths and weaknesses of other datasets based primarily on party documents (‘the official story’). Building on and supplementing earlier comparative parties’ datasets, the PPDB ... More


Party Finance and Perceived Party Responsiveness

Marina Costa Lobo and Isabella Razzuoli

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates an important implication of the cartel party thesis: that parties’ shift from society towards the state has eroded voters’ sense of political efficacy. More precisely, it ... More


Conclusion: The Study of Party Organization

Paul D. Webb, Thomas Poguntke, and Susan E. Scarrow

in Organizing Political Parties: Representation, Participation, and Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198758631
eISBN:
9780191818554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758631.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter briefly recaps the findings of this volume, then addresses more general questions concerning the types of organizational patterns that researchers should expect to find, and the most ... More


Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199586011
eISBN:
9780191866043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199586011.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Political parties have long been recognized as essential institutions of democratic governance. Both the organization of parties, and their relationships with citizens, the state, and each other have ... More


Political Actors and the Colonization of the Media

Péter Bajomi-Lázár

in Media and Politics in New Democracies: Europe in a Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747536
eISBN:
9780191810435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747536.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties aim at stabilizing their position within the political system, and so do politicians within parties. Young political parties in the new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) are ... More


Left-of-Centre Parties and Trade Unions in Italy: From Party Dominance to a Dialogue of the Deaf

Liborio Mattina and Mimmo Carrieri

in Left-of-Centre Parties and Trade Unions in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198790471
eISBN:
9780191831751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790471.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the number and variety of organizational links that exist between Italy’s main left-of-centre party—the Democratic Party (PD)—and the three major Italian trade unions (CGIL, ... More


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