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Protic solvents

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Protic solvents have hydrogen bound directly to electronegative atoms, such as oxygen or nitrogen. They are characterized by their ability to form strong hydrogen bonds with suitable acceptors, ... More


High-Basicity Polar Aprotic Solvents

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Basic polar aprotic solvents such as dimethylsulphoxide, dimethylformamide, and N-methylpyrrolidin-2-one are very poor at solvating anions, but interact strongly with cations and the proton in ... More


Low-Basicity and Low-Polarity Aprotic Solvents

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Low-basicity and low-polarity aprotic solvents, including importantly acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran, are poor at solvating both anions and cations. Dissociation constants are consequently very ... More


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