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Conifers

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Conifers arose in the Carboniferous, when Pangaea was still forming, and fossil evidence supports their once widespread distribution. As tectonic activity continued throughout the Mesozoic and ... More


The Second Catastrophe and Retreat

George R. McGhee

in When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160575
eISBN:
9780231536363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160575.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter describes the End-Famennian Catastrophe. In the waning years of the Famennian period, vertebrates and arthropods once again began to die in greater numbers. On land, the huge forests ... More


Victory at Last

George R. McGhee

in When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160575
eISBN:
9780231536363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160575.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter identifies the new tetrapod species that dwelt on land after the End-Famennian Catastrophe. The first tetrapod to appear in the Carboniferous period is the Scottish species Pederpes ... More


The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

George R. McGhee

in When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160575
eISBN:
9780231536363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160575.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter discusses the impact of Devonian Extinction (End-Frasnian Catastrophe and End-Famennian Catastrophe) on the evolution of species. These catastrophes did not merely delay vertebrate ... More


Getting Dirty: What Charcoal Can tell us

Andrew C. Scott

in Burning Planet: The Story of Fire Through Time

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198734840
eISBN:
9780191916847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198734840.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Most of us are familiar with charcoal from sketching with it at school, or using charcoal bricks for a barbecue. You will have noticed that it got your hands dirty, that it is brittle, and that it ... More


Cave Archaeology and Palaeontology in the Creswell Region

Andrew T. Chamberlain

in Palaeolithic Cave Art at Creswell Crags in European Context

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199299171
eISBN:
9780191917714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199299171.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

The aim of this chapter is to situate the unique discoveries of cave art at the Creswell Crags caves in the context of what is known of the cave archaeology and palaeontology of the caves of the ... More


The influence of humans

Tony Hallam

in Catastrophes and Lesser Calamities: The causes of mass extinctions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198524977
eISBN:
9780191916434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198524977.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

We saw in Chapters 5 and 7 that the Quaternary was a time of low extinction rates despite a succession of strong environmental changes induced ultimately by climate. This began to change from a few ... More


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