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Respiration in wetland ecosystems

Charlotte L. Roehm

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter reviews the current state of knowledge of respiration and emissions of carbon from freshwater wetlands to the atmosphere. Data are drawn from an array of studies addressing carbon ... More


Global Warming and the Ocean: Human Impact on a Greenhouse Planet

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses human influence on global warming and assesses the ocean’s response to warming. Global warming is a chief consequence of excess greenhouse effect. Burning fossil fuels such as ... More


Flow-Through Respirometry: The Equations

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter de-mystifies respirometry equations, showing how they can be derived using a simple mental trick: concentrating the analysis on the principal gas that is neither consumed nor produced by ... More


Respiration in aquatic photolithotrophs

John A. Raven and John Beardall

in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527084
eISBN:
9780191713347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses respiratory processes in phytoplankton to demonstrate the range of respiratory processes found in phytoplankton, describe the functions of these individual pathways, and ... More


Carbon sequestration

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

While traditionally ecology textbooks only discuss the short term carbon cycle, the role of life has been crucial in the geological long term carbon cycle through processes such as silicate ... More


The Carbon Cycle

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The chapter first shows carbon dioxide variability over long geological timescales. The current stocks and fluxes of carbon are then given, for the whole planet and for the atmosphere, ocean and land ... More


Policy developments in Japan on global warming: the politics of conflict and the producer-oriented policy response

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain: Interactions Between Institutions and Issue Characteristics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069383
eISBN:
9781781701546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Carbon dioxide accounts for about 90 per cent of greenhouse emissions in Japan, and about 90 per cent of these carbon dioxide emissions stem from energy-related sources. The historical growth in ... More


Policy developments in Britain on global warming: in search of political leadership

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain: Interactions Between Institutions and Issue Characteristics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069383
eISBN:
9781781701546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

About 80 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions in Britain are in the form of carbon dioxide, of which about 97 per cent is energy-related. Overall carbon dioxide emissions fell steadily from 1970. ... More


Twenty-first century atmospheric change and deforestation: potential impacts on tropical forests

Wolfgang Cramer, Alberte Bondeau, Sibyll Schaphoff, Wolfgang Lucht, Ben Smith, and Stephen Sitch

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter quantifies the relative roles of carbon dioxide (CO2), temperature, rainfall, and deforestation on the future extent and condition of tropical rainforests, and examines the magnitude of ... More


Economic Regulation and the Design of a Carbon Infrastructure for Alberta

Nigel Bankes and Rick Nilson

in Energy Networks and the Law: Innovative Solutions in Changing Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199645039
eISBN:
9780191738647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645039.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter deals with the development and potential regulation of a new form of infrastructure, a carbon infrastructure, to accommodate the adoption of industrial-scale carbon capture and storage ... More


Constant Volume Techniques Using Gas Analysis

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

By using modern gas analyzers and variations of constant volume techniques described in Chapter 2, simple and high-throughput measurement of the metabolic rates of organisms ranging in size from ... More


Tropical forests dynamics in response to a CO2-rich atmosphere

Christian Körner

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The fixation and storage of carbon by tropical forests, which contain close to half of the globe's biomass carbon, may be affected by elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Classical theoretical ... More


Climate Change and Prospects for Sustainability

Thomas E. Lovejoy

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the meaning of sustainability in the face of climate change. It discusses how we can begin stemming and then reducing the tide of carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere. One way ... More


The prospects for tropical forests in the twenty-first-century atmosphere

Oliver L. Phillips and Yadvinder Malhi

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

At the start of the 21st century the human race lives in a radically altered biosphere, and in an atmosphere that is shifting rapidly to conditions with no direct analogue in Earth's prehistory. ... More


Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Recent observations of widespread changes in mature tropical forests such as a rise in tree growth, recruitment and mortality, and above-ground biomass, suggest that ‘global change’ agents may be ... More


Legal Aspects of Carbon Capture and Storage

Nigel Bankes and Martha Roggenkamp

in Beyond The Carbon Economy: Energy Law in Transition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199532698
eISBN:
9780191701054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532698.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of a number of potential technological options to reduce anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide. The literature generally identifies up to four different ... More


Late twentieth-century trends in the biomass of Amazonian forest plots

Timothy R. Baker, Oliver L. Phillips, Yadvinder Malhi, Samuel Almeida, Luzmila Arroyo, Anthony Di Fiore, Terry Erwin, Niro Higuchi, Timothy J. Killeen, Susan G. Laurance, William F. Laurance, Simon L. Lewis, Abel Monteagudo, David A. Neill, Percy Núnez Vargas, Nigel C. A. Pitman, J. Natalino M. Silva, and Rodolfo Vásquez Martínez

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses a previous study by Phillips et al. (1998) on biomass changes in Amazonian permanent sample plots which has been used to infer the presence of a regional carbon sink, ... More


The Winds of Mauna Loa: Climate in a Changing World

Daniel B. Botkin

in The Moon in the Nautilus Shell: Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913916
eISBN:
9780190267919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter deals with climate change and its impact on life on Earth. It first considers the limitations of current approaches to global environmental sciences before analyzing global warming from ... More


Ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses to atmospheric change

Jeffrey Q. Chambers and Whendee L. Silver

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are several atmospheric changes that may affect physiological and biogeochemical processes in old-growth tropical forests. Elevated CO2 is likely to directly influence numerous leaf-level ... More


Ecosystem processes

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Disturbances disrupt ecosystem processes, thereby affecting the distribution and abundance of biota. Disturbances alter light and temperature regimes, carbon dioxide and nutrient fluxes, and ... More


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