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Carbon sequestration

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

While traditionally ecology textbooks only discuss the short term carbon cycle, the role of life has been crucial in the geological long term carbon cycle through processes such as silicate ... More


Biogeochemical processes in high-latitude lakes and rivers

W. Berry Lyons and Jacques C. Finlay

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Polar aquatic ecosystems are excellent laboratories for biogeochemical research. The polar regions are among the least modified by human activities, so there are opportunities to study biogeochemical ... More


Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Timothy J. Fahey and Alan K. Knapp (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Standardized approaches for the measurement of primary production — the rate of energy storage in the organic matter of plants — are essential to facilitate scientific comparisons and syntheses as ... More


Heterotrophic microbial processes in polar lakes

John E. Hobbie and Johanna Laybourn-Parry

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the activities of heterotrophic microbes (bacteria, flagellates, and ciliated protozoans) in Antarctic continental lakes and Arctic lakes and ponds (Europe, Asia, North America, ... More


The Carbon Cycle

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The chapter first shows carbon dioxide variability over long geological timescales. The current stocks and fluxes of carbon are then given, for the whole planet and for the atmosphere, ocean and land ... More


Productivity and carbon balance

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the basics of carbon cycling in peatlands, and discusses the role of peatlands in current environmental scenarios. Peatlands hold enormous amounts of carbon stored as peat, ... More


Markets for Anthropogenic Carbon within the Larger Carbon Cycle

Severin Borenstein

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Human activities such as agriculture, deforestation, and fossil fuel burning affect the natural carbon cycle in many ways, and release greenhouse gases that increase atmospheric CO2 concentration and ... More


Wetland Functions

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Wetlands play important functions in ecosystems, mainly through the capture and transfer of energy involving plants, animals, and microorganisms. Wetland functions range from primary production to ... More


Introduction

Han Dolman

in Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198779308
eISBN:
9780191824388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779308.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter discusses the fundamental aspects of biogeochemical cycles and their interactions with climate. It describes the context of the Earth system, from the geological cycles to the current ... More


Phosphorus, a Servant Faithful to Gaia? Biosphere Remediation Rather Than Regulation

Karl B. Föllmi, Federica Tamburini, Rachel Hosein, Bas van de Schootbrugge, Kaspar Arn, and Claire Rambeau

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter studies the character of the coupled changes in the phosphorus and carbon cycles during the last 160 million years and proposes feedback mechanisms between the two cycles. The effects of ... More


The Big Solutions: Climate Change, Resource Cycles, and Diet

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Agrifood systems divert resources from biogeochemical cycles (e.g., carbon and nitrogen cycles) to produce food, with major negative effects, including global warming. Global warming is changing ... More


Earth: Imprint of Life

Yuk L. Yung and William B. DeMore

in Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195105018
eISBN:
9780197560990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195105018.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

Earth is the largest of the four terrestrial planets, three of which have substantial atmospheres. The astronomical and orbital parameters are summarized in table 9.1. Our planet has an obliquity ... More


Carbon Cycle

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Carbon is the key element of life on Earth and exists in more than a million compounds (Holmén, 2000; Berner, 2004). The unique covalent long-chained and aromatic carbon compounds form the basis of ... More


Cycles of Change

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Cycles of change have occurred throughout the history of life on Earth, which may extend over some 3.9 billion years. Life on our planet evolved to adapt to its environment and has in turn shaped ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on Pelagic Organisms and Ecosystems

Ulf Riebesell and Philippe D. Tortell

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Over the past decade there has been rapidly growing interest in the potential effects of ocean acidification and perturbations of the carbonate system on marine organisms. While early studies ... More


Biogeochemical Consequences of Ocean Acidification and Feedbacks to the Earth System

Marion Gehlen and Nicolas Gruber

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

By the year 2008, the ocean had taken up approximately 140 Gt carbon corresponding to about a third of the total anthropogenic CO2 emitted to the atmosphere since the onset of industrialization ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from the perspective of water, energy, and matter flows through ecosystems, particularly forests. Data from the network of eddy flux ... More


How will the Biosphere End?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

This fictional description of the destruction of much of life on Earth comes from a novel by the astronomer Fred Hoyle, co-authored with his son Geoffrey. In the story, the formation of a quasar in ... More


The Economics of Climate Change

Nicholas Stern

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are externalities and represent the biggest market failure the world has seen. We all produce emissions, people around the world are already suffering from past ... More


Cause and Effect Factors Influencing the Composition and Distribution of North American Plant Formations through Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic Time

Alan Graham

in Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic History of North American Vegetation (North of Mexico)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195113426
eISBN:
9780197561126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195113426.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

The arrangement of vegetation over the landscape is a product of interactions between the environment, the ecological characteristics of individual organisms, barriers, dispersal potential, ... More


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