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Flow-Through Respirometry: The Equations

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter de-mystifies respirometry equations, showing how they can be derived using a simple mental trick: concentrating the analysis on the principal gas that is neither consumed nor produced by ... More


Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Timothy J. Fahey and Alan K. Knapp (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Standardized approaches for the measurement of primary production — the rate of energy storage in the organic matter of plants — are essential to facilitate scientific comparisons and syntheses as ... More


The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Recently, the public attention has turned toward the intricate interrelation between economic growth and global warming. This book focuses on this nexus but broadens the framework to study the issue. ... More


Food-web relationships and community structures in high-latitude lakes

Kirsten S. Christoffersen, Erik Jeppesen, Daryl L. Moorhead, and Lars J. Tranvik

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Lakes at high latitudes represent a range of biotic complexity imposed by strong abiotic limitations that are differentially ameliorated by biogeographic factors between the northern and southern ... More


Carbon sequestration

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

While traditionally ecology textbooks only discuss the short term carbon cycle, the role of life has been crucial in the geological long term carbon cycle through processes such as silicate ... More


Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Yadvinder Malhi and Oliver Phillips (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Tropical forests represent the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play a key role in hydrology, carbon storage, and exchange. Many of the human-induced pressures these regions are facing, e.g. ... More


CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect: A Game-Theoretic Explorathion

Michael Hoel

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter uses game theoretic models to examine scope for international cooperation for reducing CO2 emissions. Though the collective benefits of reduced emissions may be significant, it is in no ... More


Structural Chemistry of Group 14 Elements

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter discusses the basic organic crystal structures, starting with the allotropes of carbon. It then covers the (aliphatic, aromatic, and fullerenic) compounds of carbon and the bonding in ... More


Pendulum rod materials

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Over time, several different materials have been used for the pendulum rod such as steel, wood, and invar. The best material is quartz because of its proven stability and low thermal expansion. Steel ... More


Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Mark Dykman (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The book elucidates the physics of classical and quantum fluctuations in nonlinear oscillators and provides a unifying insight into fluctuation phenomena in a variety of vibrational systems of ... More


Tropical forests dynamics in response to a CO2-rich atmosphere

Christian Körner

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The fixation and storage of carbon by tropical forests, which contain close to half of the globe's biomass carbon, may be affected by elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Classical theoretical ... More


The Significance of Property Rights in Biotic Sequestration of Carbon

Alastair Lucas

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter explores the role of property rights in the design of appropriate legal structures for biotic carbon sequestration. The objective is a regime that permits creation of biotic ... More


Summary and Outlook

Charlotte Streck and David Freestone

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0029
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

In early 2010 it will be five years since the Kyoto Protocol came into force. This short period has been truly astonishing for the new world of carbon trading. The market for trading emission rights ... More


Carbon Contracting

Martijn Wilder and Louisa Fitz-Gerald

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

There are several types of carbon credits under the international, regional and national emissions trading schemes, and as to be expected, there are many different approaches to contacting for the ... More


Biogeochemical processes in high-latitude lakes and rivers

W. Berry Lyons and Jacques C. Finlay

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Polar aquatic ecosystems are excellent laboratories for biogeochemical research. The polar regions are among the least modified by human activities, so there are opportunities to study biogeochemical ... More


Benthic primary production in polar lakes and rivers

Antonio Quesada, Eduardo Fernández-Valiente, Ian Hawes, and Clive Howard-Williams

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The benthic component of lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams is often rich in biodiversity as well as biomass. The main communities in the benthic habitat are microbial mats, aquatic mosses, and green ... More


Heterotrophic microbial processes in polar lakes

John E. Hobbie and Johanna Laybourn-Parry

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the activities of heterotrophic microbes (bacteria, flagellates, and ciliated protozoans) in Antarctic continental lakes and Arctic lakes and ponds (Europe, Asia, North America, ... More


Constant Volume Techniques Using Gas Analysis

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

By using modern gas analyzers and variations of constant volume techniques described in Chapter 2, simple and high-throughput measurement of the metabolic rates of organisms ranging in size from ... More


The Varieties of Gas Analyzers

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

All analyzers have strengths and limitations that vary with the technology used, and directly affect their suitability for different types of metabolic rate measurement. This chapter discusses the ... More


Climate Change and Prospects for Sustainability

Thomas E. Lovejoy

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the meaning of sustainability in the face of climate change. It discusses how we can begin stemming and then reducing the tide of carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere. One way ... More


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