Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 22 items

  • Keywords: capitulations x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The International Context of Nineteenth-Century Humanitarian Interventions

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the international context of humanitarian interventions during the nineteenth century in order to understand why humanitarian intervention emerged as an international practice ... More


Aftermath

Ian K. Steele

in Betrayals: Fort William Henry and the "Massacre"

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195084269
eISBN:
9780199853977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084269.003.0025
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The chapter discusses the events from Sunday evening of August 14, 1757, where a party of thirty men carrying a red flag of truce approached Fort Edward. The aftermath of the massacre was evident on ... More


Surrender and the Laws of War in Western Europe, c. 1660–1783

John Childs

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The ‘Ancient Laws of War’ were uncodified yet widely observed by combatants involved in wars between European states of the same or similar religious confessions. Beyond these specific categories, ... More


French Surrender in 1940: Soldiers, Commanders, Civilians

Martin S. Alexander

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

French surrender in 1940 is typically written as a misleading narrative of wholesale collapse. This chapter re-assesses the surrenders in a variety of sites, scales and contexts: by disorientated ... More


Introduction: Surrender in Medieval Times

Hans-Henning Kortüm

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In considering surrender in medieval times, one must first differentiate between pitched battles and siege warfare. Whereas the latter normally was a collective process, surrender on the battlefield ... More


Introduction: Honourable Surrender in Early Modern European History, 1500–1789

John A. Lynn II

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The late Middle Ages witnessed the European invention of honorable surrender, which promised survival to elite warriors who yielded, while it provided ransoms to their captors. During the early ... More


Efforts to Exit the War

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II: Caught in the Cauldron

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233434
eISBN:
9780823241767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

Despite the catastrophic loss of the Second Army, 1943 became a year of cautious optimism for Hungarians; the German defeat at Stalingrad showed clearly that the war had reached a turning point. ... More


The International Protection of Individual Rights Before 1939

A. W. BRAIN SIMPSON

in Human Rights and the End of Empire: Britain and the Genesis of the European Convention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267897
eISBN:
9780191714115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267897.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

In 1939, there existed at the international level no universal or regional arrangements protecting individuals against their own governments. This chapter traces the institutions and arrangements ... More


Christian Visionary or Muslim Prophet?: Re-Creating Identities in Late Spanish Islam

Mayte Green-Mercado

in Visions of Deliverance: Moriscos and the Politics of Prophecy in the Early Modern Mediterranean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501741463
eISBN:
9781501741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501741463.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter analyzes the relationship between prophecy and the delineation of the contours of Morisco identity after the forced conversion of Muslims in the Kingdom of Castile that began as a result ... More


Piracy and Treaty Law

Joshua M. White

in Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781503602526
eISBN:
9781503603929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503602526.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Piracy was an early and constant subject of negotiation between the Ottomans and their treaty partners, who developed a legal and diplomatic framework prohibiting piracy and establishing the ... More


Europeans

Will Hanley

in Identifying with Nationality: Europeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians in Alexandria

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177627
eISBN:
9780231542524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177627.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter describes the status of “strong” foreigners, the ideal type best served by the consular justice system. This class—white, wealthy, and Christian—was able to exercise extensive civil and ... More


Protégés

Will Hanley

in Identifying with Nationality: Europeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians in Alexandria

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177627
eISBN:
9780231542524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177627.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Over the course of the nineteenth century, the figure of the protégé became a source of great anxiety throughout the Ottoman world. Fear of unbridled commercial and economic rights for foreign ... More


A Memorandum for the President of the Royal Audiencia and Chancery Court of the City and Kingdom of Granada

in A Memorandum for the President of the Royal Audiencia and Chancery Court of the City and Kingdom of Granada

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226547268
eISBN:
9780226547282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547282.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter presents an English translation of Francisco Núñez Muley's A Memorandum for the President of the Royal Audiencia and Chancery Court of the City and Kingdom of Granada. Muley argued that ... More


Ending Extraterritoriality?

Mary Dewhurst Lewis

in Divided Rule: Sovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881-1938

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520279155
eISBN:
9780520957145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279155.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In the 1880s, France forced European consular courts to close. To secure this reform, however, France granted concessions to the same governments whose influence it sought to diminish, perpetuating ... More


1945

Arsenii Formakov

Emily D. Johnson (ed.)

in Gulag Letters

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209310
eISBN:
9780300228199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209310.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Throughout 1945, Formakov wrote to his family regularly through the official, censored Gulag mail system and illicitly. Letters sent in this year detail Formakov’s efforts to smuggle mail out of the ... More


Laying the Groundwork: International Interest in Non-Self-Governing Territories

Mary Ann Heiss

in Fulfilling the Sacred Trust: The UN Campaign for International Accountability for Dependent Territories in the Era of Decolonization

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501752704
eISBN:
9781501752728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752704.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter takes the concept of internationalism back to World War I and the League of Nations Mandate System, which undertook the first effort to legitimize global organizational involvement. It ... More


The Role of Treaties in the European–African Confrontation in the Nineteenth Century (1975)

C. H. Alexandrowicz

in The Law of Nations in Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198766070
eISBN:
9780191820649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766070.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the origins and characteristic features of statehood in Africa, in particular the position at the time of the arrival of European agencies. It examines the climate of opinion ... More


Some Problems in the History of the Law of Nations in Asia (1963)

C. H. Alexandrowicz

in The Law of Nations in Global History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198766070
eISBN:
9780191820649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766070.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter considers problems in the study of the history of the law of nations in Asia. It argues that international lawyers have focused their attention on the legal aspects of contemporary ... More


Between War and Peace

Mara Kozelsky

in Crimea in War and Transformation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190644710
eISBN:
9780190644741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644710.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Sevastopol capitulated in September of 1855, nearly one year after the siege had begun. The Allies did not pull out of the peninsula until May 1856, well after the official declaration of peace. ... More


The Rules Expand

Will Smiley

in From Slaves to Prisoners of War: The Ottoman Empire, Russia, and International Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198785415
eISBN:
9780191827334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785415.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Public International Law

The rules the Ottomans worked out with Russia did not remain confined to their relationship. Beginning with the 1787–92 Russo–Ottoman War and continuing through the age of the revolutionary and ... More


View: