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The London Market for Sovereign Debt, 1870–1913 versus Today's Markets

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter describes the pre-World War I London market for sovereign bonds issued by emerging countries, and compares it with the corresponding market today. It shows that the London market was ... More


Regions and Countries

Steve Hart

in English Exposed: Common Mistakes Made by Chinese Speakers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390755
eISBN:
9789888390465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390755.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter offers instruction on how to refer to countries and regions and how to recognize the differences between the noun and the adjective forms. It also addresses generic and specific ... More


Being There When Things Go Right: Support Processes for Positive Events

Shelly L. Gable and Sara B. Algoe

in Support Processes in Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195380170
eISBN:
9780199864355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380170.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter focuses on support when intimate partners experience a positive event. Consistent with many of the contributors to this book, the authors suggest that the mechanism of action is the ... More


The Financial Base of the New Enterprise

Edward B. Roberts

in Entrepreneurs in High Technology: Lessons from MIT and Beyond

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067040
eISBN:
9780199854837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067040.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

A general background for understanding the financing of a technology-based firm is presented in this chapter. It centers on the link between the stages of evolution of a firm and the investment ... More


Valuation Methods: Tools of the Trade

David B. Audretsch and Albert N. Link

in Valuing an Entrepreneurial Enterprise

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199730377
eISBN:
9780199932795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730377.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter summarizes several valuation tools. These tools include forecasting, weighted averages, present value and capitalization, and risk analysis. Each tool is illustrated through a numerical ... More


Traditionally Used Valuation Methods

David B. Audretsch and Albert N. Link

in Valuing an Entrepreneurial Enterprise

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199730377
eISBN:
9780199932795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730377.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter summarizes four traditional valuation methods. Income-based valuation methods include the present value of adjusted future net earnings and price-to-earnings approach. Asset-based ... More


Applications of Traditional Valuation Methods

David B. Audretsch and Albert N. Link

in Valuing an Entrepreneurial Enterprise

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199730377
eISBN:
9780199932795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730377.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter illustrates through examples the implementation of traditional valuation methods. The illustrations are based on hypothetical income and adjusted income statements and balance sheets and ... More


The United States and the United Kingdom

Cornelia Woll

in The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452352
eISBN:
9780801471155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452352.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on capital-market based finance in the United States and the United Kingdom. Contrary to what one would expect from liberal market economies with large capital markets, the U.S. ... More


Capitalisation of Interest

Max Loubser

in European Contract Law: Scots and South African Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624256
eISBN:
9780748651429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624256.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter explores the issues of capitalisation of interest under the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL), discussing the nature and function of interest and the history of rules of ... More


From Industrial Money to Generalized Capitalization

Simone Polillo

in Money Talks: Explaining How Money Really Works

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691168685
eISBN:
9781400885268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168685.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter analyzes three historically constructed categories of money: industrial money, business money, and generalized capitalization. It does so in three steps. First, it argues that there is a ... More


Asian Immigrants as the New Westerners?

Aihwa Ong

in Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520229983
eISBN:
9780520937161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520229983.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses the changing ethnic composition of California. It demonstrates how theorizing about Asian Americanism has been surpassed by the new demographics of globalization. It then ... More


Why Work?

Liam Gillick

in Industry and Intelligence: Contemporary Art Since 1820

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780231170208
eISBN:
9780231540964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170208.003.0015
Subject:
Art, Art Theory and Criticism

Art is a place where the rules of engagement are open to question. Art is a history of doing nothing and a long tale ​of useful action. It is always a fetishization of decision and indecision—with ... More


Regulatory Induced Performance Persistence

Douglas Cumming, Na Dai, and Sofia A. Johan

in Hedge Fund Structure, Regulation, and Performance around the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199862566
eISBN:
9780199332762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862566.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 9 discusses the idea that performance persistence can either be enhanced or mitigated by financial regulation. An analysis of data from 48 countries spanning determines that international and ... More


Identification Infrastructures and the Capitalization of Data in the Development of Data-Driven Regulation: The Case of the Global Legal Entity Identifier System

Yuval Millo, Nikiforos Panourgias, and Markos Zachariadis

in Combating Fiscal Fraud and Empowering Regulators: Bringing tax money back into the COFFERS

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198854722
eISBN:
9780191888922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198854722.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses the establishment of a global identification infrastructure to improve the regulation of financial markets. The Global Legal Entity Identifier System (GLEIS), was developed to ... More


Writing the Methods Section

Marin S Robinson, Fredricka L Stoller, Molly Constanza-Robinson, and James K Jones

in Write Like a Chemist: A Guide and Resource

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195367423
eISBN:
9780197562437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195367423.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Study and Communication Skills in Chemistry

In this chapter, we focus on writing a Methods section for a journal-quality paper. We begin with the Methods section because this is the section that many chemists write first, in part because ... More


Getting Traction, 1884 to 1888: Sprague Electric Railway and Motor Company and the Richmond Union Passenger Railway

Frederick Dalzell

in Engineering Invention: Frank J. Sprague and the U.S. Electrical Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042567
eISBN:
9780262258708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042567.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter examines Frank Sprague's inventions and business ventures during the period from 1884 to 1888. It discusses Sprague's founding of the Sprague Electric Railway and Motor Company (SERM) in ... More


The Cost to Taxpayers and Subsidies to the Housing Market

Price Fishback, Jonathan Rose, and Kenneth Snowden

in Well Worth Saving: How the New Deal Safeguarded Home Ownership

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226082448
eISBN:
9780226082585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226082585.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter reviews the popular conception that the HOLC returned a small profit to taxpayers. In fact, once all of its implicit and explicit costs are taken into account, the HOLC was the source of ... More


The Post–Civil War Economy in the South

Thomas D. Clark

in Jews and the Civil War: A Reader

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740910
eISBN:
9780814786796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740910.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the state of Southern economy after the Civil War, with particular emphasis on a niche that attracted many Jews to the region: country storekeeping. One of the most serious ... More


Prospects for Latin American Bond Markets: A Cross-Country View

Barry Eichengreen, Ugo Panizza, and Eduardo Borensztein

in Bond Markets in Latin America: On the Verge of a Big Bang?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026321
eISBN:
9780262269025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026321.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter documents the underdevelopment of Latin American financial markets, and Latin American corporate bond markets in particular. Statistical analysis shows that a limited number of ... More


The Rewards and Problems of Headlong Growth: The Early Years of a Limited Company

in Steel, Ships and Men: Cammell Laird, 1824–1993

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780853239123
eISBN:
9781781380765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314131.005
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the success and challenges faced by Charles Cammell's business when it was converted into a public limited company with a capitalisation of one million British pounds. It ... More


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