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A Historian's Reflection on the Unsustainable American State

Lizabeth Cohen

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Looking at the rising economic inequality of the last quarter century and how it undermines Americans' confidence that their democratic capitalist system remains sufficient in distributing political ... More


Capitalism

Michael Foley

in American Credo: The Place of Ideas in US Politics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199232673
eISBN:
9780191716362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232673.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses American capitalism. Capitalism has not only become integrally related to the growth of the United States into a global industrial power, but in doing so has acquired an iconic ... More


Capitalism Versus Socialism: An Analytical Perspective

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins by giving a definition of the terms capitalist economic system and socialist economic system. The former is defined using the concept of a free enterprise system, a system where ... More


Exploitation and the Economics of Organizations

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The market socialist system is differentiated from the free enterprise system by the types of organizations that are allowed to operate in their respective economies. While the free enterprise system ... More


Challenges to Capital

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses challenges faced by the capital system. It begins with a description of the unprecedented boom of the economies of the most developed capitalist countries (North America, ... More


Socialist Planning: The Labour Party, 1931–1935

Daniel Ritschel

in The Politics of Planning: The Debate on Economic Planning in Britain in the 1930s

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206477
eISBN:
9780191677151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206477.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses socialist planning that satisfied two urgent ideological needs within the post-1931 Labour party. It states that planning served as an attractive socialist alternative to the ... More


Technocracy

Theodore Zeldin

in France 1848–1945: Volume Two: Intellect, Taste and Anxiety

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198221258
eISBN:
9780191678424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221258.003.0021
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The period 1914–45 was one of anxiety to those who lived through it not least because they did not know where it was leading. A great many people behaved, even after the war of 1914 and even during ... More


Economy and Society: A Silent Bourgeois Revolution

David Blackbourn

in The Peculiarities of German History: Bourgeois Society and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198730583
eISBN:
9780191694943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730583.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the so-called silent bourgeois revolution in Germany during the nineteenth century. It explains that one of the main changes brought about by this silent revolution was the ... More


Weber's First Reply to Felix Rachfahl, 1910: From the Archiv Für Sozialwissenschaft Und Sozialpolitik, vol. 30, pp. 176–202

in The Protestant Ethic Debate: Max Weber's Replies to His Critics, 1907-1910

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239765
eISBN:
9781846313868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239765.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter contains Weber's reply to Rachfahl's review on The Protestant Ethic. Since Rachfahl's review criticizes some points that uses Troeltsch's findings, Weber starts his reply by contending ... More


Economy and Society: The Shadow Side

David Blackbourn

in The Peculiarities of German History: Bourgeois Society and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198730583
eISBN:
9780191694943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730583.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the so-called shadow side of the achievement of the bourgeois revolution in Germany, which is the capitalist system. This system unlocked productive capacity, created a national ... More


The Postwar Settlement

Daniel Stedman Jones

in Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161013
eISBN:
9781400851836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the contours and limits of the political settlement in Great Britain and the United States in the middle of the twentieth century. It shows how at the heart of both New Deal ... More


Multiple Modernities and Socialist Alternatives in the 1970s

Sara Lorenzini

in Global Development: A Cold War History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691180151
eISBN:
9780691185569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180151.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes how, in the 1970s, development assistance models offered an array of radical alternatives to the capitalist system. Three different models stand out: the Second World around ... More


The Regulation of Multinationals in Comparative Perspective

Mark Mason

in Europe and the Japanese Challenge: The Regulation of Multinationals in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292647
eISBN:
9780191684937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292647.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

Japan directly invested enormous sums of capital in Europe beginning in the late 1980s. Historically, the recipient of only limited inflows of such FDI, European officials debated appropriate policy ... More


Global Rivalries: Standards Wars and the Transnational Cotton Trade

Amy A. Quark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226050539
eISBN:
9780226050706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226050706.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Global Rivalries explores rule-making in an era of increasing geopolitical uncertainty. Western firms and states have long dictated the formal terms of trade in the global economy. But with a shift ... More


A Summary of the Positive Description and Causal Analysis

János Kornai

in Dynamism, Rivalry, and the Surplus Economy: Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199334766
eISBN:
9780199369416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334766.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses the concept of “equilibrium”. It also provides a summary account of the two demand-supply regimes and the generation of a surplus economy by the capitalist system.


Impossibly American

Christian P. Haines

in A Desire Called America: Biopolitics, Utopia, and the Literary Commons

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823286942
eISBN:
9780823288717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823286942.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter distinguishes American exceptionalism from what the author terms a singular America. It argues that American exceptionalism depends on disciplining or taming the utopianism associated ... More


The Peculiarities of German History: Bourgeois Society and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Germany

David Blackbourn and Geoff Eley

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198730583
eISBN:
9780191694943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730583.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book investigates the role of bourgeoisie society and the political developments of the nineteenth century in the peculiarities of German history. Most historians attribute German exceptionalism ... More


Introduction 1

János Kornai

in Dynamism, Rivalry, and the Surplus Economy: Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199334766
eISBN:
9780199369416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334766.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the main themes covered in the second part of the book entitled Shortage Economy—Surplus Economy. It begins by explaining some concepts, such as ... More


Benjamin V. Cohen: Architect of the New Deal

William Lasser

in Benjamin V. Cohen: Architect of the New Deal

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088793
eISBN:
9780300128888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088793.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered in the preceding discussions. Contemporaries and historians alike view Cohen as a leading intellectual force behind the political philosophy of New ... More


Big Government and Prosperity in the United States

Samuel Cohn

in All Societies Die: How to Keep Hope Alive

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781501755903
eISBN:
9781501755927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501755903.003.0025
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter focuses on big government and prosperity in the United States. A lot of Americans are fairly skeptical about the federal government. Some feel the public sector is full of bureaucrats ... More


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