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Capital Adequacy in Insurance and Reinsurance

Scott E. Harrington

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter considers capital adequacy and capital regulation of insurers and reinsurers. A basic theme is that capital standards should be less stringent for financial sectors characterized by ... More


Enforcement of Risk‐Based Capital Rules

Philip A. Wellons

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the role of enforcement for capital adequacy regulation in US banking and securities markets. Very little is known about how enforcement works: What broken rules are being ... More


Using a Mandatory Subordinated Debt Issuance Requirement to Set Regulatory Capital Requirements for Bank Credit Risks

Paul Kupiec

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Important shortcomings limit the appeal of the direct use of bank internal models to set regulatory capital requirements for bank credit risks. Common approaches for calculating credit value for ... More


Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Hal S. Scott (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book is timely since the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision at the Bank for International Settlements is in the process of making major revisions in the capital rules for banks. It is ... More


Sizing Operational Risk and the Effect of Insurance: Implications for the Basel II Capital Accord

Andrew P. Kuritzkes and Hal S. Scott

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses the issue of whether and to what extent banks should be required by regulation to hold capital against operational risks. It argues that the types of operational risk for which ... More


The Use of Internal Models: Comparison of the New Basel Credit Proposals with Available Internal Models for Credit Risk

Michel Crouhy, Dan Galai, and Robert Mark

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents the New Capital Adequacy Accord proposed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (Basel II) to replace the current 1988 Capital Accord (Basel I) by a more risk-sensitive ... More


A Broad View of Macroeconomic Stability

José Antonio Ocampo

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter recommends a broad concept of macroeconomic stability, whereby ‘sound macroeconomic frameworks’ include not only price stability and sound fiscal policies, but also a well-functioning ... More


Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Banks and financial institutions are faced with two apparently conflicting phenomena — interest rate deregulation on the one hand and capital adequacy requirements and prudential norms on the other. ... More


Investor Protection and Capital Market Regulation in Germany

Eric Nowak

in The German Financial System

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253166
eISBN:
9780191601651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253161.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

La Porta et al . have shown that differences among countries in legal codes and enforcement of investor protection account for much of the disparity in the size and development of their financial ... More


Capital Account Liberalization and Management

José Antonio Ocampo

in Resetting the International Monetary (Non)System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198718116
eISBN:
9780191787478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198718116.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at the transition from the acceptance at Bretton Woods of capital account management as a normal policy instrument to the liberalization of the capital account, first in developed ... More


Principles of Corporate Finance Law

Eilis Ferran and Look Chan Ho

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199671342
eISBN:
9780191788895
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671342.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Public International Law

Corporate finance theory seeks to understand how incorporated firms address the financial constraints that affect their investment decisions. This is achieved by using varied financial instruments ... More


Systemic Risk and Regulation

Franklin Allen and Douglas Gale

in The Risks of Financial Institutions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092850
eISBN:
9780226092980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092980.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explains that inefficient regulation can result in risk-transfer activity that is focused on evasion of regulation, and that such activity can increase systemic risk. It also provides ... More


Pillar 1 versus Pillar 2 under Risk Management

Loriana Pelizzon and Stephen Schaefer

in The Risks of Financial Institutions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092850
eISBN:
9780226092980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092980.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explores the consequences of adding Pillar 2 alongside Pillar 1 in terms of bank risk taking and the scale of bank lending. It also concentrates on the interaction between Pillar 1 and ... More


Capital Requirements: Basel III Framework

Hal S. Scott

in Connectedness and Contagion: Protecting the Financial System from Panics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034371
eISBN:
9780262332156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034371.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the Basel III capital requirements. Following the 2008 financial crisis, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision issued reform proposals for capital regulation, entitled ... More


Panel Discussion on the Volcker Rule

Charles W. Calomiris and Matthew Richardson

in Perspectives on Dodd-Frank and Finance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028035
eISBN:
9780262325929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028035.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Professor Matt Richardson argues that proprietary trading was a source of systemic risk because it allowed banks to take highly-levered directional bets. He discusses several criticisms of the ... More


Spillover Effects of Risk Regulation on the Asset Side to Asset Markets

Andrew Ellul, Chotibhak Jotikasthira, and Christian T. Lundblad

in The Economics, Regulation, and Systemic Risk of Insurance Markets

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198788812
eISBN:
9780191830877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788812.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

A fundamental objective of capital adequacy regulation is to force financial institutions to internalize the social costs associated with their failure. In this chapter, we use the U.S. insurance ... More


It takes a village to maintain a dangerous financial system

Anat R. Admati

in Just Financial Markets?: Finance in a Just Society

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198755661
eISBN:
9780191816789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755661.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The financial system is meant to facilitate efficient allocation of resources, helping people and businesses fund, invest, save, and manage risks. This system is rife with conflicts of interests. ... More


Middle-Income Countries and the International Monetary System

José Antonio Ocampo

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at the problems that middle-income countries (MICs) face in the international monetary and financial system, some of which can contribute to the generation of a middle-income trap. ... More


Professional Obligation, Ethical Awareness, and Capital Market Regulation

Justin O’Brien

in Capital Failure: Rebuilding Trust in Financial Services

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198712220
eISBN:
9780191780752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712220.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that it is essential to challenge the norms governing the financial industry, to place ethical judgement above legal permissibility and technical compliance. It explores the ... More


Capital Flows and Exchange Rate Volatility: Singapore's Experience

Basant K. Kapur

in Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices, and Consequences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226184975
eISBN:
9780226184999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184999.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter describes the behavior of capital flows in Singapore, as well as Singapore's experience with capital account regulations. In addition to the noninternationalization policy and the ... More


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