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Factor Shares and Resource Booms: Accounting for the Evolution of Venezuelan Inequality

Francisco RodrÍguez

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the second of five country case studies on income inequality, and shows that income inequality in Venezuela has significantly worsened during the past 27 years; in particular, the worsening ... More


Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun-Young Yun

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The concept of ‘cost of capital’ was introduced almost thirty years ago and quickly became an indispensable tool for modelling the impact of tax policy on investment behaviour. In the 1980s it ... More


The US Tax System

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun‐Young Yun

in Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

A quantitative and detailed description is presented of the US tax system and law, which begins by providing estimates of the rates of capital income taxation at both corporate and individual levels ... More


Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The purpose of this book is to introduce the substantial literature on consumption tax policy and the taxation of capital income, the early literature on optimal tax theory in dynamic overlapping ... More


Taxation of Income from Capital

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun‐Young Yun

in Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Features of the US tax system and law are employed to illustrate the complexities that arise in practical discussions of tax policy: the tax treatment is considered of income from assets held by ... More


Introduction

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun‐Young Yun

in Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This introductory chapter shows how the concept of cost of capital arises in the management of capital as a factor of production. The concept is introduced of an effective tax rate within a highly ... More


Taxation and the Time Consistency Problem

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

in Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter studies the time consistency problem as it affects tax policy. One example of the time consistency problem is the capital levy. Current governments cannot force future governments to ... More


At First Look at the Optimal Taxation of Labor and Capital

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

in Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on deriving the optimal tax formulae in a two-period overlapping generations model, where the government behaves as a leader in the open loop policy game played between the ... More


Taxation and Economic Growth

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

in Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses literature concerning optimal taxation, based on versions of the Ramsey growth model. Several economists showed that it is sub-optimal to tax capital income in the long run. ... More


Accounting for Imputed and Capital Income Flows

Joachim R. Frick and Markus M. Grabka

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter aims to give a comprehensive view of the joint impact of two components of investment income, namely (monetary) capital income (CI) and (nonmonetary) imputed rent (IR). It uses more than ... More


Effective Tax Rates

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun‐Young Yun

in Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Alternative policy provisions are compared for capital income taxation and the social rates of return in terms of marginal effective tax rates, since, by measuring these for different assets, it is ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun‐Young Yun

in Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This final chapter provides an evaluation of the cost of capital approach to tax policy analysis. This approach has amply proved its usefulness as a guide to tax reform. While the US tax policy ... More


Reducing Poverty and Inequality in India: Has Liberalization Helped?

Raghbendra Jha

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the first of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of India. Discusses the differences between the approach taken to liberalization in India (the Delhi ... More


Tax Reform in the Twenty-first Century

Alan J. Auerbach

in Fundamental Tax Reform: Issues, Choices, and Implications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042475
eISBN:
9780262271707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042475.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the strengths and weaknesses of the case for taxation based on consumption rather than income. It proposes a simple macroeconomic model for analyzing a wide range of issues ... More


Corporate Taxes in the World Economy: Reforming the Taxation of Cross-border Income

Harry Grubert and Rosanne Altshuler

in Fundamental Tax Reform: Issues, Choices, and Implications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042475
eISBN:
9780262271707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042475.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the corporate income tax in a world economy, focusing on potential reforms of the tax treatment of cross-border income flows. Specifically, it considers proposals for tax ... More


Capital Income Taxation in the Globalized World

Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka

in Money, Crises, and Transition: Essays in Honor of Guillermo A. Calvo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182669
eISBN:
9780262282284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182669.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter illustrates how strong international tax competition in the era of globalization imposes severe constraints on capital income taxation that thereby put into question its standing in the ... More


Taxes on Investment Income Remain Too High and Lead to Multiple Distortions

Martin Feldstein

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Recent tax reforms have significantly reduced the marginal tax rates on saving in the United States. That's the good news. The bad news is that that tax rates on saving and investment remain much ... More


Finland: Growing Inequality with Contested Consequences

Jenni Blomgren, Heikki Hiilamo, Olli Kangas, and Mikko Niemelä

in Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687428
eISBN:
9780191767142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

From about the lowest in the world, Finnish market income inequality increased from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s. Welfare policies kept disposable income inequality unchanged, but after the ... More


The Contract of Employment, Corporate Law, and Labour Income

Wanjiru Njoya

in The Contract of Employment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198783169
eISBN:
9780191826191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783169.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the role played by the contract of employment in wage distribution and income inequality, distinguishing between the ordinary entitlement to ‘labour income’ and the ... More


Sweden: Increasing Income Inequalities and Changing Social Relations

Johan Fritzell, Jennie Bacchus Hertzman, Olof Bäckman, Ida Borg, Tommy Ferrarini, and Kenneth Nelson

in Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687428
eISBN:
9780191767142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

From an all-time low around 1980, income inequality substantially increased, reflecting a strong rise in top incomes and income from capital, more recently also a widening gap between bottom and ... More


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