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 External Liberalization in Asia, Post‐Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Taylor Lance

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter begins with a discussion of the main focus of this volume, namely, the experiences of fourteen countries with external liberalization, focusing on Asian transition economies. It ... More


Factor Shares and Resource Booms: Accounting for the Evolution of Venezuelan Inequality

Francisco RodrÍguez

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the second of five country case studies on income inequality, and shows that income inequality in Venezuela has significantly worsened during the past 27 years; in particular, the worsening ... More


The Role of Preventative Capital Account Regulations

José Antonio Ocampo and José Gabriel Palma

in Capital Market Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230587
eISBN:
9780191710896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230587.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Preventive capital account regulations have three potential roles in developing countries. First, as a macroeconomic policy tool they provide some room of manoeuvre for counter-cyclical macroeconomic ... More


Capital Market Liberalization and Development

José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Capital Market Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230587
eISBN:
9780191710896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230587.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This introductory chapter presents the arguments of the book and provides a framework for the issues related to capital market liberalization (CML). The first section addresses an important set of ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Distribution in Malaysia

Matias Vernengo

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the growth and distributional impacts of Malaysia's policy of maintaining open current and capital accounts. Malaysia's external liberalization policy initiatives are described. ... More


The Chinese Approach to Capital Inflows: Patterns and Possible Explanations

Eswar Prasad and Shang‐Jin Wei

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the determinants and nature of China's capital inflows. Section 11.2 presents a detailed picture of the evolution of China's capital inflows. Section 11.3 examines the evolution ... More


A Broad View of Macroeconomic Stability

José Antonio Ocampo

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter recommends a broad concept of macroeconomic stability, whereby ‘sound macroeconomic frameworks’ include not only price stability and sound fiscal policies, but also a well-functioning ... More


Endogenous Volatility in an Open Economy

Phillippe Aghion and Abhijit Banerjee

in Volatility and Growth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199248612
eISBN:
9780191714719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248612.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that financial liberalization introduces a new problem: Now the real exchange rate, which is the relative price between nontradable and tradable, becomes a source of instability. ... More


Managing Capital Surges in Emerging Economies

Stephany Griffith-Jones, Manuel F. Montes, and Anwar Nasution

in Short-Term Capital Flows and Economic Crises

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296867
eISBN:
9780191685286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296867.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Because of technological advances in terms of communications, and because of the liberalization of capital accounts, private capital flows experienced rapid growth at the end of the 20th century ... More


Financial Services and International Trade Agreements: The Development Dimension

Wendy Dobson

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter notes the special role of financial services in an economy and distinguishes policy reform from domestic deregulation and capital account deregulation. The impacts of policy reform and ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Distribution in Latin America and Elsewhere

Lance Taylor

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economic policy in developing and post‐socialist economies during the last 10–15 years of the 20th century had one dominating theme: packages aimed at liberalizing the balance of payments, on both ... More


The Liberalization of Capital Outflows in China, India, Brazil, and South Africa: What Opportunities for Other Developing Countries?

Ricardo Gottschalk and Cecilia Azevedo Sodré

in Southern Engines of Global Growth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580606
eISBN:
9780191723353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580606.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the implications of the liberalization of capital outflows in China, India, Brazil, and South Africa (CIBS) for other developing countries. It focuses on their prospects of ... More


The Impact of Financial Liberalization and the Rise of Financial Rents on Income Inequality: The Case of Turkey

A. Erinc Yeldan

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the third of five country case studies on income inequality, and investigates the impact of financial liberalization and the rise of financial rents on income inequality in Turkey. The ... More


The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Christopher Balding

in Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842902
eISBN:
9780199932498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842902.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Sovereign wealth funds are designed to solve specific economic and financial problems. Surplus capital inflows, primarily from commodity dependent states, threaten to cause currency appreciation and ... More


Regulating Capital Flows: A Historical Perspective

Atish R. Ghosh, Jonathan D. Ostry, and Mahvash S. Qureshi

in Taming the Tide of Capital Flows: A Policy Guide

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037167
eISBN:
9780262343756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037167.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter summarizes how thinking about capital flows and their management has evolved in both policymaking and academic circles. Many advanced economies used restrictions on capital inflows for ... More


A Short History of the Washington Consensus 1

John Williamson

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter traces the origin of the term ‘Washington Consensus’ to a paper written for a conference in 1989 that aimed to explore how the set of ideas accepted as a basis for policy in developing ... More


Capital Account Liberalization and Management

José Antonio Ocampo

in Resetting the International Monetary (Non)System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198718116
eISBN:
9780191787478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198718116.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at the transition from the acceptance at Bretton Woods of capital account management as a normal policy instrument to the liberalization of the capital account, first in developed ... More


Capital Flows and Controls in Brazil: What Have We Learned?

Ilan Goldfajn and André Minella

in Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices, and Consequences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226184975
eISBN:
9780226184999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184999.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter reviews Brazil's experience with capital controls. In spite of the significant progress in terms of capital account liberalization and currency convertibility attained since the early ... More


A Re-evaluation of the IMF Reform Program: Wrong Diagnosis and Wrong Prescription 1

Yung Chul Park

in Economic Liberalization and Integration in East Asia: A Post-Crisis Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276776
eISBN:
9780191603051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276773.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The IMF reform programs for the crisis countries did not have a well-defined roadmap to guide the formulation and implementation of stabilization policies, financial and corporate restructuring, and ... More


Human Capital Accounting in the United States: Context, Measurement, and Application

Michael S. Christian

in Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226121338
eISBN:
9780226121475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121475.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This study updates Christian’s (2010) human capital account for the United States to the year 2009, refining the underlying data and putting the account into international context by reviewing ... More


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