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Ionizing Radiation

JOHN D. BOICE

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the link between exposure to ionizing radiation and cancer. It describes specific studies of exposed populations, touching on strengths and limitations, the need for caution ... More


Obesity and Body Composition

RACHEL BALLARD-BARBASH, CHRISTINE FRIEDENREICH, MARTHA SLATTERY, and INGER THUNE

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of the state of scientific evidence for the association between obesity-related risk factors and cancer. Data provide convincing evidence of a positive association ... More


Bladder Cancer

DEBRA T. SILVERMAN, SUSAN S. DEVESA, LEE E. MOORE, and NATHANIEL ROTHMAN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0058
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the United States, an estimated 57,400 cases of cancer of the urinary bladder are diagnosed and 12,500 deaths from the disease occur each year. These account for 6% of all new cases of cancer ... More


Bladder cancer

Jonine D. Figueroa, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, and Nathaniel Rothman

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A literature search was performed using the HuGE Navigator with the term “bladder cancer” and PubMed searches with the terms “ bladder cancer polymorphisms” and “bladder cancer risk variants” through ... More


Cancer of the Pancreas

KRISTIN E. ANDERSON, THOMAS M. MACK, and DEBRA T. SILVERMAN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0038
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer of the pancreas remains a serious medical and public health problem because of difficulties in early diagnosis, aggressive behavior, resistance to therapy, and limited opportunities for ... More


Cancers of the Oral Cavity and Pharynx

SUSAN T. MAYNE, DOUGLAS E. MORSE, and DEBORAH M. WINN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, lip, and salivary glands. In the United States (1996–2000), invasive cancers of the OCP/lip/salivary gland account for ... More


Prostate Cancer

ELIZABETH A. PLATZ and EDWARD GIOVANNUCCI

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0059
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in American men and its incidence is rising internationally. Although intensively studied, little is known conclusively about its causes, with ... More


The Risks from Exposure to Ionizing Radiation

Roger H. Clarke

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses human health risk resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation. Since the book is concerned with environmental risk assessment, which does not normally involve deterministic ... More


Breast Cancer

GRAHAM A. COLDITZ, HEATHER J. BAER, and TAMIMI RULLA M.

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0051
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. Over 211,000 women and 1,600 men in the United States are diagnosed ... More


Cancer of the Lung

MARGARET R. SPITZ, XIFENG WU, ANNA WILKINSON, and QINGYI WEI

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an update on the epidemiology of lung cancer with an emphasis on the rapidly expanding literature exploring host susceptibility to tobacco carcinogenesis. It also reviews ... More


Cancers of the Colon and Rectum

EDWARD GIOVANNUCCI and KANA WU

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of colorectal cancer, focusing on adenocarcinomas, which comprise the vast majority of the cases. The etiologies of colon and rectal cancer overlap, but the ... More


Tobacco use and risk of oral cancer

Tongzhang Zheng, Peter Boyle, Bing Zhang, Yawei Zhang, Patricia H. Owens, Qing Lan, and John Wise

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiological studies on the link between oral cancer and tobacco product use, including cigarette smoking, pipe tobacco and cigar smoking, and smokeless tobacco use (snuff ... More


Regulations for Radionuclides in the Environment

David C. Kocher

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses laws, regulations, and guidance for controlling exposures of the public to radionuclides in the environment. Topics discussed include the principal laws in the United States ... More


Alcohol

JAMES R. MARSHALL and JO FREUDENHEIM

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by summarizing current understanding of the mechanisms by which alcohol might affect cancer risk and then evaluates the molecular genetic factors that appear relevant to alcohol ... More


Endometrial Cancer

LINDA S. COOK, NOEL S. WEISS, JENNIFER A. DOHERTY, and CHU CHEN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0053
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Endometrial cancer is a relatively common gynecologic cancer and diagnosis generally occurs after abnormal uterine bleeding or spotting. The overall five-year relative survival following diagnosis is ... More


International Patterns of Cancer Incidence and Mortality

D. MAXWELL PARKIN and FREDDIE I. BRAY

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the patterns of cancer mainly with respect to what they tell us of differences in the risk of cancer among populations and the possible explanations for them. Information on ... More


Cancer Precursors

THOMAS E. ROHAN, DONALD E. HENSON, EDUARDO L. FRANCO, and JORGE ALBORES-SAAVEDRA

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The term “cancer precursor” refers to specific morphologic changes that precede the development of cancer. Knowledge of the etiology of cancer precursors varies considerably by anatomic site. In ... More


Physical Activity

I-MIN LEE and YUKO OGUMA

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses epidemiologic studies of physical activity and cancer prevention. There is a large body of epidemiologic data on the relation between physical activity and the risk of ... More


Exogenous Hormones

JAMES V. LACEY, GRAHAM A. COLDITZ, and DAVID SCHOTTENFELD

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between exogenous hormones and cancer. It focuses on estrogen and progesterone effects on tissues of the breast, endometrium, uterine cervix, ovary, and colon. All ... More


Thyroid Cancer

ELAINE RON and ARTHUR B. SCHNEIDER

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0050
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer of the thyroid is relatively uncommon, although it is the most common malignancy of the endocrine system and is the eighth ranking cancer among women. The prognosis is extremely good for ... More


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