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Cancer and Medicine in Historical Perspective

Milton J. Lewis

in Medicine and Care of the Dying: A Modern History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195175486
eISBN:
9780199999903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175486.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the history of the approach of medicine to cancer, which is considered to be a paradigmatic example of medicine's great concern with advancing scientific knowledge. The ... More


Migrant Studies

LAURENCE N. KOLONEL and LYNNE R. WILKENS

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the contributions of migrant studies to cancer research. Migrant populations have contributed essential information to research on the etiology of cancer. Foremost, they have ... More


Cancer

Elizabeth Ward

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of the mechanisms by which cancer develops and the importance of exogenous exposures in cancer causation. It describes the magnitude of cancer as a public health ... More


Pharmaceutical Drugs Other Than Hormones

Marie C. Bradley, Michael A. O’Rorke, Janine A. Cooper, Søren Friis, and Laurel A. Habel

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Current regulatory programs for drug safety are not designed to identify adverse events that have a long induction time or are rare, such as most cancers. Meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials ... More


Genomics and the Reproductive Body

Kelly E. Happe

in The Material Gene: Gender, Race, and Heredity after the Human Genome Project

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814790670
eISBN:
9780814744727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814790670.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter locates and describes an implicit reproductive politics in ovarian cancer genomics research. Genomics revives an ideology of femininity that reduces ovaries to their reproductive ... More


From “Nonentity” to Global Network: The Rise of a New Style of Biomedical Practice

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

in Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the rise of cancer treatment research. It begins by discussing Dr. Pierre Band's career as a chemotherapist and a cancer clinical trial specialist. It then describes briefly ... More


“Mass Migration” and Technologies of Gene Manipulation

Doogab Yi

in The Recombinant University: Genetic Engineering and the Emergence of Stanford Biotechnology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226143835
eISBN:
9780226216119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226216119.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 examines these changing dynamics, and the scientific and political genealogy of recombinant DNA technology. I argue that recombinant DNA technology derived from particular experimental ... More


Criticism and the Redefinition of Clinical Cancer Trials as an Autonomous Form of Research

Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio

in Cancer on Trial: Oncology as a New Style of Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226428918
eISBN:
9780226428932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226428932.003.0080
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how clinical cancer trials ceased to be seen as a mere extension of the Cancer Chemotherapy National Service Center (CCNSC) and became an autonomous form of clinical research. ... More


The adoption of smoke-free policies and their effectiveness

Maria Leon-Roux and John P. Pierce

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Leading health agencies have published authoritative reports evaluating the research on the health risks of second-hand smoke (SHS). There is a consensus across these reports that SHS (also called ... More


Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military

Gerald Kutcher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226465319
eISBN:
9780226465333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1960s, University of Cincinnati radiologist Eugene Saenger infamously conducted human experiments on patients with advanced cancer to examine how total body radiation could treat the disease. ... More


Joy, Disappointment, Determination: Early Clinical Tests

Lara V. Marks

in The Lock and Key of Medicine: Monoclonal Antibodies and the Transformation of Healthcare

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300167733
eISBN:
9780300213522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300167733.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter considers the development of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) for cancer treatment. In the early 1980s, many scientists were optimistic that Mabs would defeat cancer. In 1982, John Minna of ... More


When the Rules Change in Midstream

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by Saint Louis University (SLU) professor William S.M. Mold in the commercialization of his cancer research. It explains that Mold is the president and CEO ... More


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