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Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras—one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video-surveillance systems are ... More


An Eyeminded People: Spectatorship in Dos Passos's U.S.A.

Michael North

in Camera Works: Photography and the Twentieth-Century Word

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173567
eISBN:
9780199787906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173567.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter explores the Camera Eye sections of Dos Passos's trilogy — which turn out to be a great deal less visual than is commonly supposed — as a key to the trilogy as a whole. What Dos Passos ... More


Automatic Creation of Virtual Artefacts from Video Sequences

Andrew W. Fitzgibbon, Geoff Cross, and Andrew Zisserman

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Digital representation of an artefact is necessary in order to measure, admire and analyse such ancient pieces. For the purpose of storing, recoding and transmitting information, digital photographs ... More


Magic of the lens

Wahl Jan

in Carl Theodor Dreyer and Ordet: My Summer with the Danish Filmmaker

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136189
eISBN:
9780813141176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136189.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Wahl describes the movement of the camera and its magical ability to alter what it sees. At one point, Dreyer steps away from the camera to survey the landscape. While he is away, one of the actors, ... More


Breeding biology

Rhys E. Green

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers all aspects of the study of the breeding biology of wild birds, and how to gain representative measures of nest success and other aspects. It discusses the selection of study ... More


Introduction

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this book, which is about surveillance systems and crime prevention. It evaluates the effectiveness of closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras and ... More


The Politics of Surveillance for Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the political aspect of surveillance for crime prevention. It provides the background on the different forms of surveillance that are designed to prevent crime in public places, ... More


How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter investigates how surveillance measures can reduce crime. It explains that public-area surveillance falls under the category of situational-crime prevention, which stands apart from these ... More


Closed-Circuit Television

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the scientific evidence on the effectiveness of closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras to prevent crime in public places. CCTV evaluations were carried out in four ... More


Safer Streets, Safer Cities: Policy Choices for America

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores key policy choices and challenges that U.S. cities face in the use of major forms of public-surveillance approaches such as closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras ... More


The Changing Spaces of Television Acting: From Studio Realism to Location Realism in BBC Television Drama

Richard Hewett

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784992989
eISBN:
9781526128362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992989.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

Why study television acting? While works focusing on cinema performance have increased in recent years, small screen drama has been largely neglected – despite the fact that developments in acting ... More


A Theory of Arithmetical Knowledge

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explains how the examination of arithmetical concepts can lead to knowledge. It argues that in order for an examination of our concepts to supply us with knowledge of an independent ... More


Communication and Information

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

A rapid succession of technical advances laid the foundations for massive dissemination of information and created new forms of communication. The former innovations included automated typesetting ... More


Shooting Rites

Ronald L. Grimes

in Rite out of Place: Ritual, Media, and the Arts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195301441
eISBN:
9780199850952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301441.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The chapter contemplates the shooting of rites with still and video cameras, a strange but widespread cultural activity that can either disrupt, extend, or validate these rites. It identifies the ... More


Real-World Contexts

Diana C. Mutz

in In-Your-Face Politics: The Consequences of Uncivil Media

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165110
eISBN:
9781400865871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165110.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at the characteristics of the experimental treatments that are used to manipulate incivility, as well as the kinds of people used in the experiments. Because of the high degree of ... More


Epilogue

Jeffrey Spivak

in Buzz: The Life and Art of Busby Berkeley

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126432
eISBN:
9780813135663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126432.003.0020
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Buzz was interred at Wiefels and Son Funeral Directors in Palm Springs. Etta Dunn Berkeley was named as executor and sole beneficiary of her husband's estate, which was valued at $100,000 even. Eight ... More


Camera Work: The Hieroglyphics of the New Photography

Michael North

in Camera Works: Photography and the Twentieth-Century Word

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173567
eISBN:
9780199787906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173567.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter is concerned with the role of Alfred Stieglitz and his magazine Camera Work in forging a connection between modern art, modern literature, and photography. It argues that Camera Work ... More


Breakaway

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the group of eight scientists' move from Shockley Semiconductor Labs to Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, which was established under an agreement with Fairchild Camera and ... More


Technology and Policing

O.P. Mishra

in Policing Delhi: Urbanization, Crime, and Law Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075950
eISBN:
9780199080892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075950.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter studies the impact of technology on policing in Delhi. It shows that technology has affected both the methodology of crime and the law enforcing agencies. The chapter first looks at ... More


Evolution of the Vertebrate Eye

James K. Bowmaker

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the evolution of vertebrate “camera” eyes and concentrates on color vision and visual pigments. The vertebrate camera eye with a lens, a variable pupil aperture, and a ... More


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