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Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

The measurement of metabolic rates is important in many areas of science. Examples range from ecology through a broad spectrum of physiological disciplines to biomedical fields such as genetic ... More


Direct Calorimetry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes calorimetry or the direct measurement of heat production, a technique first used by Lavoisier and Paulze for measuring metabolic rates. Bomb calorimetry — a technique for ... More


Polydispersity and the paraffin chain—statement of the problem

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter introduces the problem of polydispersity for understanding properties of materials containing polymethylene chains. A model has been proposed for the assembly of molecular chains in a ... More


Heat Flow Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Heat flow calorimeters, also known as “heat flux,” “heat conduction,” or “heat leakage” calorimeters, are instruments where the heat output or input ... More


Titration Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Titration calorimetry is a method in which one reactant inside a calorimetric vessel is titrated with another delivered from a burette at a controlled ... More


Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Physical and chemical changes may often be induced by raising or lowering the temperature of a substance. Typical examples are phase transitions, such as ... More


Molecular structure and macroscopic properties: Calorimetry and thermodynamics

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Spectroscopic and diffraction experiments can give a detailed picture of molecular objects. The dimensions of a water molecule are known with extreme reliability and accuracy. In real life, however, ... More


Photoacoustic Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

“Any chemical species, which under ambient conditions (i.e., a temperature around 25°C, and a pressure close to 1 atm) will, for a combination of kinetic ... More


Thermodynamic Properties of Simple Systems

Greg M. Anderson and David A. Crerar

in Thermodynamics in Geochemistry: The Equilibrium Model

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195064643
eISBN:
9780197560198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195064643.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

We have now introduced several thermodynamic parameters that are useful in dealing with energy transfers (U, H, G, etc.). We wish now to see how these ... More


Resolution of the Ambiguity of van’t Hoff Plots by the Effect of Pressure on the Equilibrium

Gregorio Weber

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The change in the Gibbs free energy function, ΔG, of chemical reaction is determined by the difference between the heats respectively released to and absorbed from the ... More


Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Richard Wigmans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Particle physics is the science that pursues the age-old quest for the innermost structure of matter and the fundamental interactions between its constituents. Modern experiments in this field rely ... More


The LHC and its Detectors

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The construction of the LHC detectors and how they work. Briefly, for a detailed description would take a zillion pages, since they are amongst the most complex objects ever built. The beauty of a ... More


High-Pressure Effects on the Structure and Phase Behavior of Model Membrane Systems

Roland Winter and Anne Landwehr

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0021
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Phospholipids, which provide valuable model systems for lipid membranes, display a variety of polymorphic phases, depending on their molecular structure and on ... More


Membrane-Free Volume Variation with Bulky Lipid Concentration by Regular Distribution: A Functionally Important Membrane Property Explored by Pressure Studies of Phosphatidylcholine Bilayers

Parkson Lee-Gau Chong

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

We have used the dips in the ratio of excimer to monomer fluorescence intensity (E/M) as the index of lipid regular distribution to examine the effect of pressure on ... More


Pressure-Tuning Spectroscopy of Proteins: Fourier Transform Infrared Studies in the Diamond Anvil Cell

Karel Heremans and Koen Goossens

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The effect of hydrostatic pressure on the secondary structure of proteins can be followed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the diamond anvil cell. ... More


Use of optical spectroscopic methods to study the thermodynamic stability of proteins

Maurice R. Eftink and Haripada Maity

in Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorimetry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199638130
eISBN:
9780191918179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199638130.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The biophysical characterization of globular proteins will almost always include some type of study of the unfolding of protein to obtain thermodynamic parameters. The ... More


The use of spectroscopic techniques in the study of DNA stability

John Jr SantaLucia

in Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorimetry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199638130
eISBN:
9780191918179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199638130.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Accurate determination of nucleic acid thermodynamics has become increasingly important in understanding biological function as well as applications in biotechnology ... More


The Thermodynamic Background

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

The three laws of thermodynamics provide the theoretical basis required to master nearly all the concepts that are relevant in discussions of molecular ... More


NMR and Mutagenesis Investigations of a Model Cis: Trans Peptide tsomerization Reaction: Xaa116-Pro117of Staphylococcal Nuclease and its Role in Protein Stability and Folding

A.P. Hinck and W.F. Walkenhorst

in Biological NMR Spectroscopy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195094688
eISBN:
9780197560754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195094688.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The slow rates of peptide bond isomerization in imino acids and the substantial population of the cis peptide bond isomer in Xaa-Pro linkages in peptides ... More


Combustion Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Calorimetric studies of combustion reactions in oxygen and fluorine atmospheres have been a major source of enthalpy of formation data, particularly for ... More


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