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Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

The measurement of metabolic rates is important in many areas of science. Examples range from ecology through a broad spectrum of physiological disciplines to biomedical fields such as genetic ... More


Direct Calorimetry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes calorimetry or the direct measurement of heat production, a technique first used by Lavoisier and Paulze for measuring metabolic rates. Bomb calorimetry — a technique for ... More


Polydispersity and the paraffin chain—statement of the problem

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter introduces the problem of polydispersity for understanding properties of materials containing polymethylene chains. A model has been proposed for the assembly of molecular chains in a ... More


Molecular structure and macroscopic properties: Calorimetry and thermodynamics

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Spectroscopic and diffraction experiments can give a detailed picture of molecular objects. The dimensions of a water molecule are known with extreme reliability and accuracy. In real life, however, ... More


Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Richard Wigmans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Particle physics is the science that pursues the age-old quest for the innermost structure of matter and the fundamental interactions between its constituents. Modern experiments in this field rely ... More


The LHC and its Detectors

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The construction of the LHC detectors and how they work. Briefly, for a detailed description would take a zillion pages, since they are amongst the most complex objects ever built. The beauty of a ... More


Heat Flow Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Heat flow calorimeters, also known as “heat flux,” “heat conduction,” or “heat leakage” calorimeters, are instruments where the heat output or input associated with a given phenomenon is ... More


Titration Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Titration calorimetry is a method in which one reactant inside a calorimetric vessel is titrated with another delivered from a burette at a controlled rate. This technique has been adapted to a ... More


Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Physical and chemical changes may often be induced by raising or lowering the temperature of a substance. Typical examples are phase transitions, such as fusion, or chemical reactions, such as the ... More


Thermodynamic Properties of Simple Systems

Greg M. Anderson and David A. Crerar

in Thermodynamics in Geochemistry: The Equilibrium Model

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195064643
eISBN:
9780197560198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195064643.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

We have now introduced several thermodynamic parameters that are useful in dealing with energy transfers (U, H, G, etc.). We wish now to see how these quantities are measured and where to find ... More


Photoacoustic Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

“Any chemical species, which under ambient conditions (i.e., a temperature around 25°C, and a pressure close to 1 atm) will, for a combination of kinetic and thermodynamic reasons, decay on a ... More


Scintillation detectors

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

in Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The detection of scintillation light, which is generated when an ionising particle passes certain media or when radiation is absorbed, belongs to the oldest detection techniques. Scintillation ... More


Calorimeters

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

in Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The determination of the energy of particles is called ‘calorimetry’ and the corresponding detectors are called calorimeters. The particle energy is deposited in a calorimeter through inelastic ... More


Direct Calorimetry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes calorimetry or the direct measurement of heat production, a technique first used by Lavoisier and Paulze for measuring metabolic rates. Bomb calorimetry—a technique for ... More


New Calorimeter Techniques

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter is dedicated to calorimeter techniques that have been developed since the first edition of this monograph was published (2000). The Dual Readout Method (DREAM) aims to combine the ... More


Room Calorimetry and Mask Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes two approaches to human metabolic measurement: room calorimetry and dilution mode mask (or hood, or canopy) respirometry. For room calorimetry, where the EE of a subject is ... More


Joseph Black and the rise of heat capacity

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

By developing the science of calorimetry and the doctrines of sensible and latent heats, Joseph Black separated temperature from heat. Subsequent research by others on the concept of heat capacity ... More


Thermodynamics (a reminder)

Giuseppe (Joe) Zaccai

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Biological processes take place in an aqueous environment, and the discovery and characterization of biological macromolecules is tightly interwoven with the development of physical chemistry and ... More


High-Pressure Effects on the Structure and Phase Behavior of Model Membrane Systems

Roland Winter and Anne Landwehr

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0021
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Phospholipids, which provide valuable model systems for lipid membranes, display a variety of polymorphic phases, depending on their molecular structure and on environmental conditions. High ... More


Membrane-Free Volume Variation with Bulky Lipid Concentration by Regular Distribution: A Functionally Important Membrane Property Explored by Pressure Studies of Phosphatidylcholine Bilayers

Parkson Lee-Gau Chong

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

We have used the dips in the ratio of excimer to monomer fluorescence intensity (E/M) as the index of lipid regular distribution to examine the effect of pressure on lipid lateral organization in ... More


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