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Direct Calorimetry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes calorimetry or the direct measurement of heat production, a technique first used by Lavoisier and Paulze for measuring metabolic rates. Bomb calorimetry — a technique for ... More


Overview of Condensed Phase Methods

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

This part includes a discussion of the main experimental methods that have been used to study the energetics of chemical reactions and the thermodynamic stability of compounds in the condensed ... More


Telescopes Aimed at Zeptospace

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The detectors are the instruments used to register the particles produced in the proton collisions and to reconstruct their tracks. This chapter describes the two main detectors employed at the LHC: ... More


Calorimeters

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

in Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The determination of the energy of particles is called ‘calorimetry’ and the corresponding detectors are called calorimeters. The particle energy is deposited in a calorimeter through inelastic ... More


Experimental Set-Up

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Particle physics at high energies would be impossible without powerful accelerators and high-resolution detectors. This chapter discusses the basic technological and physical principles used for ... More


Direct Calorimetry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes calorimetry or the direct measurement of heat production, a technique first used by Lavoisier and Paulze for measuring metabolic rates. Bomb calorimetry—a technique for ... More


Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Measuring Metabolic Rates demystifies the field of metabolic rate measurement, explaining every common variation of the art, from century-old manometric methods through ingenious syringe-based ... More


Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Richard Wigmans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Particle physics is the science that pursues the age-old quest for the innermost structure of matter and the fundamental interactions between its constituents. Modern experiments in this field rely ... More


The Energy Response of Calorimeters

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter deals with the signals produced by particles that are being absorbed in a calorimeter. The calorimeter response is defined as the average signal produced per unit energy deposited in ... More


Detectors for cosmic particles, neutrinos and exotic matter

Hermann Kolanoski and Norbert Wermes

in Particle Detectors: Fundamentals and Applications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198858362
eISBN:
9780191890710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858362.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Astroparticle physics deals with the investigation of cosmic radiation using similar detection methods as in particle physics, however, mostly with quite different detector arrangements. In this ... More


The Physics of Shower Development

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The processes that play a role in the absorption of different types of particles in dense matter are described, with emphasis on the aspects that are important for calorimetry. A distinction is made ... More


Instrumental Aspects

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter deals with the practical aspects of designing, building and operating calorimeters. These aspects concern the structure of the detector (longitudinal and lateral segmentation, projective ... More


New Calorimeter Techniques

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter is dedicated to calorimeter techniques that have been developed since the first edition of this monograph was published (2000). The Dual Readout Method (DREAM) aims to combine the ... More


Heat: the missing piece to the puzzle

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Historians explore the various theories of heat and the invention of the thermometer that eventually served to quantify the energy related to heat.


Detectors of Elementary Particles

Michael E. Peskin

in Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the detection and measurement of elementary particles. It describes mechanisms of the energy loss of relativistic particles in matter and the use of those mechanisms to create ... More


Particle detectors

G. Barr, R. Devenish, R. Walczak, and T. Weidberg

in Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198748557
eISBN:
9780191811203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts with an overview of collider detectors before describing interactions of particles with matter, which provides a physics foundation for the design of particle detectors. ... More


Calorimeters for Measuring Natural Phenomena

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Since the first edition of this book appeared (2000), there has been a spectacular development in the use of calorimeters for measuring natural phenomena, such as the detection of ultra-high-energy ... More


Contributions of Calorimetry to the Advancement of Science

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In this last chapter, some scientific discoveries are described in which calorimeters have played a crucial role. The chosen examples were all awarded a Nobel prize in physics. The first example ... More


Isoperibol Reaction-Solution Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

The determination of enthalpies of reaction in solution, using isoperibol reaction-solution calorimetry, is often the easiest and most accurate method of determining enthalpies of formation of ... More


Heat Flow Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Heat flow calorimeters, also known as “heat flux,” “heat conduction,” or “heat leakage” calorimeters, are instruments where the heat output or input associated with a given phenomenon is ... More


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