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From Individual Calorie Requirements to Per‐Capita Calorie Cut‐Off Points

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The hurdles encountered in going from estimating calorie requirements for individuals to establishing a minimum per person calorie norm for households are analysed in Ch. 9. Households’ per person ... More


Food Security in Vietnam During the 1990s: The Empirical Evidence *

Vasco Molini

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter finds that food security in Vietnam showed improvements that were concentrated among the richer households, although there was some improvement among the poorer strata as well. It ... More


Behavioural Biology and Obesity

Trenton G. Smith

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

While conventional wisdom holds that excessive body weight is the product of some combination of a high-calorie diet and a sedentary lifestyle, public health measures aimed at these factors have been ... More


A Model of Nutrition and Economic Productivity

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Within the nutritionist profession, the focus is on the inter‐linkages between body weight, basal metabolism, physical activity and nutrition (calorie) requirement. Economists are primarily ... More


Undernutrition: The FAO Estimates

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, the most well‐known model used for estimating the prevalence of undernutrition worldwide is presented. This is the model proposed by the FAO and applied for monitoring the progress ... More


Calorie Intake and Distribution: Estimates from the Consumption Side

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Given the importance of national per‐capita calorie availability in the FAO estimations of undernutrition, this chapter takes a second look at this parameter; now from the consumption side. Estimates ... More


Standards of Living in Eighteenth-Century China: Regional Differences, Temporal Trends, and Incomplete Evidence

Kenneth Pomeranz

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Attempts to reconstruct basic aspects of the standard of living in late eighteenth century China, focusing primarily on the Yangzi Delta (China’s richest region) but also briefly considering other ... More


5 Undernutrition in Sub‐Saharan Africa: A Critical Assessment of the Evidence

Peter Svedberg

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

From 5% to 45% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa appear to be undernourished, depending on the indicator and sources consulted. This enormous discrepancy calls for a diagnosis of the extent of ... More


Dualism in Latin America and the Caribbean

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter applies the lessons of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa to Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic and biological factors are important determinants of HIV transmission. Poverty, ... More


Demand for Nutrients in India, 1993–2004*

Raghav Gaiha, Raghbendra Jha, and Vani S. Kulkarni (eds)

in Diets, Malnutrition, and Disease: The Indian Experience

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198099215
eISBN:
9780199084500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099215.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The Deaton–Dreze (2009) explanation of a decline in calorie intake despite rapid economic growth in terms of lower calorie ‘requirements’ is incomplete. This chapter fills this gap by taking into ... More


The Changing Pattern of Undernutrition in India: A Comparative Analysis Across Regions *

Brinda Viswanathan and J. V. Meenakshi

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the changes in prevalence of under-nourishment between the 1980s and 1990s at the national and sub-national levels in India, focusing on the rural-urban comparisons. There has ... More


Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Peter Svedberg

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A large share of the population in many developing countries suffers from chronic undernutrition. This book provides a detailed comparative study of undernutrition in sub‐Saharan Africa and South ... More


Calorie Availability in Sub‐Saharan Africa

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The national per‐capita food (calorie) availability is by far the most important parameter in the FAO estimations; it explains 97% of the variation in the inter‐country estimates of the prevalence of ... More


Minimum Calorie‐Expenditure Requirements for Individuals

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The calorie norm set up by the FAO to delineate the undernourished in a population has, as its foundation, estimates of the minimum calorie‐expenditure requirements of individuals of different ages ... More


Human Capital and Income Distribution

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Explores the idea that there is joint causation between income and human capital and that this may generate a poverty trap. It first looks at empirical results on this two‐way causality, namely, at ... More


Adaptation to Undernourishment

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Adaptation to undernourishment is discussed in eight sections: (1) the international incidence of calorie deficiency; (2) genetic, physiological, and behavioural adaptation to undernourishment; (3) ... More


Nutrition and Poverty

S. R. Osmani (ed.)

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book addresses issues arising from the definition and measurement of poverty in terms of nutritional status. A high degree of nutritional deprivation is considered to be an indicator of poverty. ... More


Measuring Undernutrition with Variable Calorie Requirements

N. C. Kakwani

in Nutrition and Poverty

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the measurement of undernutrition in terms of variable calorie requirements. It aims to suggest sensible ways of estimating undernutrition in the absence of the ideal solution ... More


On Ultrapoverty *

Sudhir Anand, Christopher Harris, and Oliver Linton

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Lipton (1983) defined an individual to be ‘ultrapoor’ if and only if: (i) his calorie intake falls below 0.8 of the intake appropriate for his age, sex, and activity group; and (ii) his foodshare ... More


The genetics of dietary modulation of lifespan

Johannes H. Bauer and Stephen L. Helfand

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Reducing the calories in the diet of animals has long been known to extend life span significantly in the majority of species tested. Even in cases where life span is not extended, the animals ... More


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