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The History of Government from the Earliest Times: Volume II: The Intermediate Ages

S. E. Finer

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207900
eISBN:
9780191677854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207900.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

No one has hitherto had the breadth of imagination and intellectual boldness to describe and analyse government throughout recorded history and throughout the world. Ranging over 5,000 years, from ... More


Islamic Political Thought: An Introduction

Gerhard Bowering (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164823
eISBN:
9781400866427
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164823.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In sixteen concise chapters on key topics, this book provides a rich, authoritative, and up-to-date introduction to Islamic political thought from the birth of Islam to today, presenting essential ... More


 Salvation and Imamate

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In the period following the Mongol invasion, we witness the primacy of the belief in the soteriological necessity of the imamate and, in particular, of the current Imam. While this conviction was ... More


British and Muslim? British Converts and Their Apologetics for Islam in the Interwar Period

Umar Ryad

in Defending the Faith: Global Histories of Apologetics and Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197266915
eISBN:
9780191938177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266915.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The chapter investigates the new religious life of a few well-known British converts to Islam in the interwar period; and how they practiced and defended their new faith in their colonial ... More


Caliphate Redefined: The Mystical Turn in Ottoman Political Thought

Hüseyin Yilmaz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197135
eISBN:
9781400888047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197135.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The medieval theory of the caliphate, epitomized by the Abbasids (750–1258), was the construct of jurists who conceived it as a contractual leadership of the Muslim community in succession to the ... More


Caliphate

Wadad Kadi and Aram A. Shahin

in Islamic Political Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164823
eISBN:
9781400866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164823.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses the political, historical, and institutional aspects of the caliphate. The term “caliphate” is most commonly restricted to five periods or dynasties: the Rightly Guided ... More


From Farmers to Merchants, 750–1150

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies how literate Jewish farmers abandoned farming and became small, urban populations of skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, traders, money changers, moneylenders, scholars, and ... More


A New Dawn: The Aftermath, the Legacy

F. E. Peters

in Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747467
eISBN:
9780199894796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747467.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The legacy of each man is the subject of this chapter. Though it presents grave problems to the historian, Jesus’ resurrection from the dead — there were reportedly witnesses to the risen Jesus — ... More


Longing for the Lost Caliphate: A Transregional History

Mona Hassan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691166780
eISBN:
9781400883714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166780.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In the United States and Europe, the word “caliphate” has conjured historically romantic and increasingly pernicious associations. Yet the caliphate's significance in Islamic history and Muslim ... More


The Conversion to Islam

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism: Origins and Early Development in Oman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588268
eISBN:
9780191595400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses pre-Islamic religion and the conversion of the Arab tribes in Oman, how they drove the Persian occupants out and took possession of the settled lands. It then examines the ... More


Radical Religious Speech: The Ingredients of a Binary World View

Sara Savage and Jose Liht

in Extreme Speech and Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548781
eISBN:
9780191720673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548781.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter outlines key ingredients of Islamist radical religious speech and the social psychological needs to which they appeal, particularly among second and third generation young Muslims living ... More


Rituals of Islamic Monarchy: Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire

Andrew Marsham

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625123
eISBN:
9780748653157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This history explores the ceremony of the oath of allegiance to the caliph from the time of the Prophet Muhammad until the fragmentation of the caliphate in the late ninth and tenth centuries in ... More


Islamisation and Sinicisation: Inversions, Reversions and Alternate Versions of Islam in China

James D. Frankel

in Islamisation: Comparative Perspectives from History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474417129
eISBN:
9781474434980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417129.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In the People’s Republic of China (PRC), religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution, but is hardly taken for granted. Media fanning public fears about the spread of radical Islam is a recent ... More


The Myth of the Ottoman Caliphate

Hüseyin Yılmaz

in Caliphate Redefined: The Mystical Turn in Ottoman Political Thought

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197135
eISBN:
9781400888047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197135.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the mystification of the Ottoman caliphate and the apocalyptic-messianic reconstruction of imperial ideology in the context of the long Ottoman–Safavid conflict of the ... More


Christian Martyrs under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World

Christian C. Sahner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691179100
eISBN:
9780691184180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179100.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

How did the medieval Middle East transform from a majority-Christian world to a majority-Muslim world, and what role did violence play in this process? This book explains how Christians across the ... More


Arabs in the Early Islamic Empire: Exploring al-Azd Tribal Identity

Brian Ulrich

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474436793
eISBN:
9781474464857
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474436793.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Examining a single broad tribal identity - al-Azd - from pre-Islamic Arabia through the Umayyad and into the early Abbasid era, this book notes the ways it was continually refashioned over that time. ... More


Introduction

Mona Hassan

in Longing for the Lost Caliphate: A Transregional History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691166780
eISBN:
9781400883714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166780.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. This book explores the complex constellations of meanings and networks that shaped Muslim reactions to the remarkably ... More


Gandhi: Pan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India

B. R. Nanda

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658279
eISBN:
9780199081394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

The Hindu–Muslim conflict was a major problem during the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries. This book shows how Mahatma Gandhi resolved the conflict and even united the Hindus and the ... More


IN DEFENCE OF SUNNISM: AL-GHAZĀLĪ AND THE SELJUQS

Massimo Campanini

in The Seljuqs: Politics, Society and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639946
eISBN:
9780748653294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639946.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter attempts to place al-Ghazālī's political thought in the context of the Seljuq sultanate and the late Abbasid caliphate, based on the two premises: that al-Ghazālī's political thought is ... More


The Age of Division

Peter Sarris

in Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199261260
eISBN:
9780191730962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details attempts on the part of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire to reverse the Arab conquests. Efforts on the part of the Emperors Constans II and Justinian II to restore Roman ... More


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