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Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Sacha Stern

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Traces the development of the Jewish calendar—how months and years were reckoned—from its earliest descriptions in the second century b.c.e. until it reached, in the tenth century c.e., to its ... More


Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Sacha Stern

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589449
eISBN:
9780191746178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This book offers a study of the calendars of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia, Greece, Rome, Gaul, and all other parts of the Mediterranean and the Near East, from the origins up to and including ... More


 Liturgical Time: Franz Rosenzweig's “Star of Redemption”

Steven Kepnes

in Jewish Liturgical Reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313819
eISBN:
9780199785650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313819.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter attends to Rosenzweig's attempt to reestablish the relationship God–word–world, which was shattered in modernity. This provides the basis to rehabilitate a notion of miracle and the ... More


Calendrical Customs and Alternative Beliefs

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Shaping of Ulster Presbyterian Belief and Practice, 1770-1840

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288656
eISBN:
9780191710759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288656.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter describes and assesses the various customs and beliefs in which Presbyterians indulged at springtime, Halloween, and Christmas. Presbyterians observed holidays because they marked the ... More


The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain

Ronald Hutton

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205708
eISBN:
9780191676758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205708.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Early Modern History

From the Twelve Days of Christmas to the Spring traditions of Valentine, Shrovetide, and Easter eggs, through May Day revels and Midsummer fires, and on to the waning of the year, Harvest Home, and ... More


Pagan City and Christian Capital: Rome in the Fourth Century

John R Curran

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254200
eISBN:
9780191715150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254200.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The critical century between the arrival of Constantine and the advance of Alaric in the early 5th century witnessed dramatic changes in the city of Rome. This book breaks away from the usual notions ... More


Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


Chronological Systems

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

The standard chronological reference in many ancient cities was the eponymous year—the name of the chief magistrate who served during that year. Some ancient historians also dated by reference to a ... More


The Computistical Rules

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Dionysius Exiguus appended to his 95‐year table a set of rules (argumenta) for working with the data. Of the sixteen rules included in the manuscripts, only the first ten derive genuinely from ... More


Chewing the Cud: Food and Memory in Deuteronomy

Nathan MacDonald

in Not Bread Alone: The Uses of Food in the Old Testament

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546527
eISBN:
9780191720215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546527.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In the book of Deuteronomy there is a close relationship between memory and food. To examine this relationship use is made of the anthropological work by David Sutton, Remembrance of Repasts. The ... More


The Historical Background of Leo's Theology: The Making of a Theologian

Bernard Green

in The Soteriology of Leo the Great

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534951
eISBN:
9780191715990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534951.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Between the mid-4th and mid-5th centuries, the papacy consolidated its ascendancy in Rome; the process of the Christianization of the city depended on the building of great basilicas and pilgrimage ... More


The First Cycle of Sermons, 440–1

Bernard Green

in The Soteriology of Leo the Great

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534951
eISBN:
9780191715990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534951.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Leo preached about twelve sermons a year in a cycle through the Church's calendar. The first cycle, preached in 440-1, reveals both some of Leo's leading ideas but also the gaps in his thought at ... More


The MCA and the Making of Modern American Religious Culture

William Kostlevy

in Holy Jumpers: Evangelicals and Radicals in Progressive Era America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377842
eISBN:
9780199777204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377842.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The defection of the MCA mission in Los Angeles to Pentecostalism in 1906 played an important role in the Azusa Street Revival. MCA evangelist A. G. Garr urged MCA adherents in Los Angeles to attend ... More


Time-reckoning

Romila Thapar

in Time as a Metaphor of History: Early India: The Krishna Bharadwaj Memorial Lecture

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195637984
eISBN:
9780199081912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195637984.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter discusses different ideas about time in early India. It discusses how cyclical theories of time arise from the observance of rhythm based on the sequences in relation to the sun and the ... More


Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Katherine Clarke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This book is about time and local history in the Greek world. It argues that choices concerning the articulation and expression of time reflect the values of both those who ‘make’ it and their ... More


Epigraphy and Greek Religion1

Robert Parker

in Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The main part of this chapter reviews the role of texts and writing within the practice of ancient Greek religion, and seeks to modify the common view that oral tradition provided most Greek ritual ... More


Ovid's Fasti: Historical Readings at its Bimillennium

Geraldine Herbert-Brown (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198154754
eISBN:
9780191715457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198154754.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book celebrates the bimillennial anniversary of the inception of Ovid’s Fasti by offering a variety of approaches to Ovid’s poem on the Roman religious calendar. The volume does not aim at ... More


Introduction

Katherine Clarke

in Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses different forms of temporal calibration and articulation, as well as the complementary nature of natural time and culturally-determined time. After introducing some ... More


Making a business of time

Katherine Clarke

in Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199291083
eISBN:
9780191710582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291083.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on chronography, that is, the scholarly field which concerns the organization and articulation of time. It examines the extant fragments of the ancient chronographic tradition, ... More


The Life and Times of a Pilgrim City

James G. Lochtefeld

in God's Gateway: Identity and Meaning in a Hindu Pilgrimage Place

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195386141
eISBN:
9780199866380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386141.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter 4 examines economic patterns, particularly how religious goods and services are integral to Hardwar’s highly seasonal economy. The busy season is April–October, when it serves as the gateway ... More


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