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Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Sacha Stern

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Traces the development of the Jewish calendar—how months and years were reckoned—from its earliest descriptions in the second century b.c.e. until it reached, in the tenth century c.e., to its ... More


Abuses of Asymmetry: Privilege and Exclusion

Peter Leslie

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Differentiated integration, e.g. arising out of the flexibility provisions of the Amsterdam Treaty, is a special instance of functional asymmetry within compound political systems such as federal ... More


Summary

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. Starting from its historical development, the lagrangian of QCD is introduced and its phenomenological consequences worked out in ... More


Sketch of Derivations in Wall Street and Atlantic Africa

Vincent‐Antonin Lepinay and Michel Callon

in Accounting, Organizations, and Institutions: Essays in Honour of Anthony Hopwood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546350
eISBN:
9780191720048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546350.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Derivation is a pervasive economic gesture, found in contemporary finance as well as in interstitial developing economies. This chapter offers the first elements of an analysis of economic ... More


Introduction

Daniel Perlman and Ananya Roy

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.19
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter discusses the rationale behind this book, which seeks to show how the practice of public health engages with public issues such as social struggle, political intrigue, and ... More


Visual Aspects of Calculation

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter describes the roles of visual thinking in calculation, with the aim of showing that in many cases it is not peripheral. It does this by setting the visual aspects of calculation within ... More


The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Alden A. Mosshammer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Dionysius Exiguus composed a 95‐year list of Easter dates beginning in what he designates as the year 532 from Christ. His list was a continuation of an Alexandrian table that ended in the year 247 ... More


A Priori Knowledge

Quassim Cassam

in The Possibility of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208319
eISBN:
9780191708992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208319.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter looks at a third how-possible question, namely: (HPapk). How is a priori knowledge possible? If how-possible questions are obstacle-dependent, the key to making any progress with (HPapk) ... More


The Authors

Romila Thapar

in Time as a Metaphor of History: Early India: The Krishna Bharadwaj Memorial Lecture

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195637984
eISBN:
9780199081912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195637984.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter focuses on disagreements between astronomers regarding time calculations. One astronomer rejected the unequal length of the four yugas; Āryabhaṭa in the fifth century AD was singled out ... More


Molecular orbital calculations on heteronuclear diatomic molecules, hybridization, and estimation of net atomic charges from calculated electron densities

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter demonstrates how the molecular orbital model may be applied to a heteronuclear diatomic molecule using the lithium hydride molecule (LiH). Simple, so-called Hückel calculations may be ... More


MAD phasing

H. M. Krishna Murthy

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

From a relatively small beginning, nearly two decades ago, phase calculation using multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) data has become more widespread and generally used. This chapter ... More


Concepts of Party and Nation before the Civil War

Adam I. P. Smith

in No Party Now: Politics in the Civil War North

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195188653
eISBN:
9780199868346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188653.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

While declarations that party conflict should cease obviously have to be understood within the context of unprecedented crisis of civil war, they were also shaped, inevitably, by assumptions about ... More


Matrix algorithms and graph partitioning: A discussion of network algorithms that use matrix and linear algebra methods, including algorithms for partitioning network nodes into groups

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The preceding chapter discussed a variety of computer algorithms for calculating quantities of interest on networks, including degrees, centralities, shortest paths, and connectivity. This chapter ... More


The New Moon

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The month in Jewish lunar calendars usually began when the new moon crescent was first sighted, as evident from Philo, Josephus, and other literary and epigraphic sources (e.g. the Berenike ... More


Tessellations

Pierre Calka

in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Random tessellations and cellular structures occur in many domains of application, such as astrophysics, ecology, telecommunications, biochemistry and naturally cellular biology (see Stoyan, Kendall ... More


Condorcet and the Meaning of Enlightenment: Master-Mind Lecture

Lorraine Daston

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 151, 2006 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264249
eISBN:
9780191734045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264249.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses the meaning of Enlightenment through Condorcet's eyes. It begins with the notion of lumières, which is a word best translated as ‘enlightenment’, but this time written in ... More


The Theoretical Response to Challenge

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The idea of market‐less economic system of socialism began to be challenged already at the end of XIX century, but an all‐out attack on the concept came in the 1920s, associated with works of ... More


Field Theory in a Finite Geometry: Finite Size Scaling

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0037
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Many numerical calculations, like Monte Carlo or transfer matrix calculations, are performed with systems in which the size in several or all dimensions is finite. To extrapolate the results to the ... More


Mathematics

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter turns from Pythagorean religion to Pythagorean science, primarily to mathematics. It shows that the similarities between Oriental calculations and Greek geometry are delusory, while ... More


The Desirability of Natural Resource Depletion

James A. Mirrlees

in Welfare, Incentives, and Taxation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295211
eISBN:
9780191685095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295211.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the Club of Rome model using a polemical style. The second section contains the bulk of the discussion, and includes discussions on some numerical calculations that are ... More


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