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Selenium and Mercury: Their Interactions and Roles in Living Organisms

Tamara García-Barrera

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The essential or toxic character of the elements depends not only on their concentration, but also on the chemical form in which they occur. This is the case of arsenobetaine, which has limited ... More


Epidemiological methods: a view from north Asia/Japan

Kunio Aoki and Itsuzo Shigematsu

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of epidemiology in Japan. One of the main drivers to the growth in importance of epidemiology and its involvement in health policy was partly the investigation of ... More


Kidney Disorders

Virginia M. Weaver, Bernard G. Jaar, and Jeffrey J. Fadrowski

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes kidney disorders related to occupational and environmental exposures and addresses prevention and control. Sections address assessment of kidney function, acute kidney injury, ... More


Home, sweet home: An exhibition of detergents, dangers, delights and delusions

John Emsley

in Molecules at an Exhibition: Portraits of Intriguing Materials in Everyday Life

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502661
eISBN:
9780191916458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502661.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Few people today lead home-centred lives, and perhaps that’s how it should be. For earlier generations the home was all important: it was a place of comfort after a hard day’s work, a place to be ... More


We’re on the road to nowhere: An exhibition of molecules to transport us

John Emsley

in Molecules at an Exhibition: Portraits of Intriguing Materials in Everyday Life

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502661
eISBN:
9780191916458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502661.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The rays of the Sun, and the motions of the Moon and Earth, provide energy in abundance. Light from the Sun is absorbed by plants on land and algae in the sea and is used to convert carbon dioxide ... More


Elements from Hell: An exhibition of molecules that are mainly malevolent

John Emsley

in Molecules at an Exhibition: Portraits of Intriguing Materials in Everyday Life

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502661
eISBN:
9780191916458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502661.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The road to hell is paved with good intentions … so the old saying goes. In this Gallery I want to show you that this can be indeed true, but it is also true that the road to hell can be paved with ... More


Soil and the Distant Past

Richard Bardgett

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199668564
eISBN:
9780191918339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199668564.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

“Rainbow Beach is a small town on the coastal dunes of eastern Australia, near Brisbane. I had travelled there to meet with some colleagues to sample soils from the vast coastal sand dunes that ... More


Soil and the City

Richard Bardgett

in Earth Matters: How soil underlies civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199668564
eISBN:
9780191918339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199668564.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

"I have spent most of my living and working life in the countryside, surrounded by open fields, woodlands and hills, and in close contact with the soil. I recently changed my job and moved to the ... More


Introduction and Related Research

William L. Graf

in Plutonium and the Rio Grande: Environmental Change and Contamination in the Nuclear Age

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089332
eISBN:
9780197560570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089332.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Limnology (Freshwater)

Plutonium occurs throughout the earth’s environmental systems, though usually in quantities so small that they are barely detectable. Because this artificial element is so toxic, it is necessary to ... More


Animals, Fungi, and Microorganisms

Earl B. Alexander, Roger G. Coleman, Todd Keeler-Wolfe, and Susan P. Harrison

in Serpentine Geoecology of Western North America: Geology, Soils, and Vegetation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165081
eISBN:
9780197562123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165081.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Although plants are the major living components of terrestrial geoecosystems, other organisms are very important. Some animals move large amounts of soil, and many microoganisms promote the ... More


Synthetic Elements

Eric Scerri

in The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190914363
eISBN:
9780197559925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914363.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

The periodic table consists of about 90 elements that occur naturally ending with element 92 uranium. This lack of precision is deliberate since one or two elements such as technetium were first ... More


Discoverers of the Periodic System

Eric Scerri

in The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190914363
eISBN:
9780197559925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914363.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

The periodic system was not discovered by Dmitri Mendeleev alone, as is commonly thought, or even just by Mendeleev and Julius Lothar Meyer. It was discovered by as many as five or six individuals ... More


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