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Beatrix: Bystander

Kristen Renwick Monroe

in Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide: Identity and Moral Choice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151373
eISBN:
9781400840366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151373.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter presents a narrative interview with Tony's cousin, a woman called “Beatrix.” Since the two are related, Beatrix shared many background characteristics with Tony, and she spent much time ... More


The Potential and Power of Active Bystanders: Leaders, Nations, and the International System

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of active bystanders in inhibiting the evolution of violence. Information in the media, people talking to each other, and seeking information can overcome pluralistic ... More


Bystanders to Poverty

Peter Singer

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In Causing Death and Saving Lives, Jonathan Glover denies the importance of the moral distinction between acts and omissions. Yet in Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century, he overlooks ... More


Scandal, social policy and social welfare: 2nd, Rev. Ed

Ian Butler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347466
eISBN:
9781447303312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347466.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Scandals do not just happen. They are made. They are constructed out of such everyday tragedies as the small carelessness and institutional brutality of the long-stay hospital, child abuse, or the ... More


Internal and External Bystanders: Their Passivity, Complicity, and Role in the Evolution of Violence

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of internal and external bystanders in the evolution of mass violence. In the face of escalating violence, witnesses or bystanders usually remain passive, due to past ... More


Moral Responsibilities of Bystanders

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The aim here is, first, to frame the question to be considered about the responsibility to resist oppression, second, to describe briefly three second order responsibilities especially pertinent to ... More


Punishment, Revenge, and Organizational Injustice

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The notion that “punishment works” is simply taken for granted as true, part of our existing mental model for dealing with other people. Here this chapter asks whether punishment actually is ... More


Character

Maria W. Merritt, John M. Doris, and Gilbert Harman

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Moral psychology is central to modern virtue ethics, whose proponents have claimed greater psychological realism as a theoretical advantage. Yet much empirical research in personality and social ... More


Generating Constructive Action by Leaders and Citizens, Creating Structures for Prevention

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of constructive leaders in preventing violence. Constructive leaders have characteristics such as cognitive complexity, seeing the humanity even of the enemy, and ... More


Introduction

Fiona Leverick

in Killing in Self-Defence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199283460
eISBN:
9780191712654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283460.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter explains why the law relating to killing in self-defence is an important topic for study. It also distinguishes self-defence from other conceptually similar defences, such ... More


Harming People in Peter Unger’s Living High and Letting Die

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Peter Unger has tried to show that relying on intuitive judgments is a worthless methodology for finding principles, and he has also offered a novel approach to the Trolley Problem. Unger, however, ... More


Killing the Innocent in Self‐Defence

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues against the right to engage in lethal measures to defend oneself or others against innocent aggressors or innocent threats. Criticizes arguments to the contrary by Judith Jarvis Thomson and ... More


Homophobic Bullying: Research and Theoretical Perspectives

Ian Rivers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195160536
eISBN:
9780199893911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160536.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This book provides a review of key studies that have shaped the way we view homophobia in educational contexts. Using theories and ideas drawn from various disciplines, the book demonstrates how ... More


Altruism as showing off: a signalling perspective on promoting green behaviour and acts of kindness

Wendy Iredale and Mark van Vugt

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter we discuss whether altruism towards genetic strangers may have evolved because of its reputation benefits – altruism as showing off. Traditional explanations for the evolution of ... More


The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence

Ervin Staub

in The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791743
eISBN:
9780199919222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes influences leading to genocide (and other mass violence). These influences include economic deterioration, political chaos, great social changes, and conflict, usually between ... More


Collective Obligation, Individual Obligation, and Individual Moral Responsibility

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 5 examines the interplay between collective obligation and individual obligation, providing a framework for determining forward-looking solutions to large-scale problems such as global ... More


Not in My Family: German Memory and Responsibility After the Holocaust

Roger Frie

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199372553
eISBN:
9780190674786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372553.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Written by the son of Germans who were children during the war, with grandparents who were participants in the war, this book uses the history of the author’s family as a guide to consider the ... More


The Psychology of Bystanders, Perpetrators, and Heroic Helpers

Ervin Staub

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What leads groups of people or governments to perpetrate genocide or mass killing? What are the characteristics and psychological processes of individuals and societies that contribute to such group ... More


Perpetrators With a Clear Conscience: Lying Self-Deception and Belief Change

Ralph Erber

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter attempts to add to the literature on the psychological mechanisms underlying perpetrator behavior by looking at the possibility that a specific form of self-deception may play an ... More


Epilogue: Social Psychologists Confront the Holocaust

Leonard S. Newman and Ralph Erber

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

No analysis of the Holocaust, no matter how compelling, could possibly “normalize” it. Contemplation of genocide and similar atrocities can be a devastating experience, no matter how extensively one ... More


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