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The Plausibility of Adaptations for Homicide

Joshua D. Duntley and David M. Buss

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a new theory of homicide — homicide adaptation theory — which proposes that humans evolved adaptations to facilitate killing. The new theory is contrasted with two competing ... More


Religion Is (or Was) an Adaptation

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 7 argues that religion was a cultural adaptation. In its earliest form, religion was shamanism. A primary focus of shamanistic rituals was to bring about community and individual healing. ... More


Adaptation: A Special and Onerous Concept

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the concept of adaptation and how it is applied (and sometimes misapplied) to cooperation. It starts with George C. Williams's idea that adaptation is a “special and onerous ... More


The Logic of Logic, and Beyond

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines Mancur Olson's arguments, which he articulated in The Logic of Collective Action, and compares them with those of his supporters and detractors. It also reviews the social ... More


The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Stephen Davies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

This book explores the idea that our aesthetic responses and art behaviors are connected to our evolved human nature. Our humanoid forerunners displayed aesthetic sensibilities hundreds of thousands ... More


Art as a Technology

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

Some evolutionists see culture as a self-elaborating structure resting on rather general, ancient biological adaptations, such as intelligence and creativity. This implies that the arts and most ... More


Conclusion

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes stock of Part III on the arts. Adaptation, by-product, and technology cover the possibilities, but the many theories and arguments characterizing art in such terms are ... More


Art as a Spandrel

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

A common view is that art is a by-product of adaptations whose biological significance lies elsewhere. The absence of art-specific neural circuits is sometimes cited as favoring the view, though some ... More


Other Theories of the Origins of Gods

E. Fuller Torrey

in Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

The concluding chapter compares the evolutionary theory of the emergence of gods with the major alternate theories. These include social; prosocial behavior; psychological and comfort; ... More


Homeostatic Gaia: An Ecologist’s Perspective on the Possibility of Regulation

David M. Wilkinson

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses a major question raised by Gaia theory: Is the long-term persistence of the biosphere entirely due to luck, or does it possess feedback loops that increase the possibility of ... More


Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Fraser Watts and Léon P. Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

The cognitive science of religion is an inherently heterogeneous subject, incorporating theory and data from anthropology, psychology, sociology, evolutionary biology, and philosophy of mind amongst ... More


Introduction: Pluralism and Complexity in the Evolutionary Cognitive Science of Religion

Léon Turner

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter has two main aims. First, to provide a glimpse of the great complexity and theoretical diversity of evolutionary cognitive science of religion (ECSR), and the range of criticisms it has ... More


The Cognitive Science of Religion

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter presents the basic tenets of the cognitive science of religion and its development in a specifically evolutionary context. A distinction is made between actual, largely intuitive ... More


Extending Evolutionary Accounts of Religion beyond the Mind: Religions as Adaptive Systems

Benjamin Grant Purzycki, Omar Sultan Haque, and Richard Sosis

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

Current cognitive approaches to religion maintain that religion evolved as a by-product of cognitive mechanisms that were naturally selected for functions unrelated to religion. In the present ... More


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