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The Dream Is Freedom: Pauli Murray and American Democratic Faith

Sarah Azaransky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744817
eISBN:
9780199897308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744817.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Pauli Murray (1910–85) was a poet, lawyer, activist, and priest, as well as a significant figure in the civil rights and women's movements. Throughout her careers and activism, Murray espoused faith ... More


Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Kimberley Johnson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Historians of the Civil Rights era typically treat the key events of the 1950s Brown v. Board of Education — sit-ins, bus boycotts, and marches — as contributing toward a revolutionary social ... More


The Second Bank of the United States

Richard Ellis E.

in Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the creation of the 2 BUS and the differences that existed between it and the First Bank of the United States (1 BUS). It also examines the early operations of the 2 BUS and ... More


Tightening the Belt

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter places the debates over voluntary integration within the context of the Boston busing crisis and the national recession. Explorations of the dramatic events that surrounded the Boston ... More


Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Richard E. Ellis

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book examines the public debate that took place over Chief Justice John Marshall's famous decision in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819). It sheds new light on how the case came before the US Supreme ... More


The States versus the Second Bank of the United States

Richard Ellis E.

in Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the impact of the Panic of 1819 on the 2 BUS, the congressional investigation of the activities of the 2 BUS, the removal of William Jones as its President, and how relations ... More


McCulloch v.Maryland

Richard Ellis E.

in Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter analyzes the various arguments made in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland by the attorneys both for the 2 BUS and against it, as well as Marshall's famous decision. It also looks at James ... More


Ohio and the Bank of the United States

Richard Ellis E.

in Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter analyzes Ohio's vigorous opposition to the decision handed down in McCulloch v. Maryland, and how the state defended its forceful removal of the $100,000 tax it levied on the branches of ... More


Get on the Bus: Mobilizing Communities across California to Unite Children with Their Parents in Prison

Suzanne Jabro and Kelly Kester-Smith

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Studies show that regular contact between incarcerated mothers and their children is crucial to the mental health and development of both groups. Yet no programs existed to make this contact ... More


Right-Wing Women and Desegregation of the Public Schools

June Melby Benowitz

in Challenge and Change: Right-Wing Women, Grassroots Activism, and the Baby Boom Generation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061221
eISBN:
9780813051437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061221.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on right-wing women’s racism and opposition to the civil rights movement, particularly as it pertained to school desegregation. Thousands of right-wing women in both the South ... More


Restructuring public transport through Bus Rapid Transit: An international and interdisciplinary perspective

Juan Carlos Munoz and Laurel Paget-Seekins (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447326168
eISBN:
9781447326236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326168.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

The promise of BRT is that it can serve as a catalyst for reshaping urban space and embedding sustainable transport into the fabric of the city. In developing cities with informal bus service ... More


Civil Rights in the White Literary Imagination: Innocence by Association

Jonathan W. Gray

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617036491
eISBN:
9781621030539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617036491.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The statement, “The Civil Rights Movement changed America,” though true, has become something of a cliche. This book seeks to determine how, exactly, the Civil Rights Movement changed the literary ... More


The Busing Crisis

Tracy E. K’Meyer

in Civil Rights in the Gateway to the South: Louisville, Kentucky, 1945-1980

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125398
eISBN:
9780813135274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125398.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the busing crisis created by the antibusing movement which produced an outburst of prointegration and antiracist activity on the part of traditional civil rights leaders, ... More


Color and Character: West Charlotte High and the American Struggle over Educational Equality

Pamela Grundy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469636078
eISBN:
9781469636092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636078.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

At a time when race and inequality dominate national debates, the story of West Charlotte High School illuminates the possibilities and challenges of using racial and economic desegregation to foster ... More


The Bus Kids

Ira W. Lit

in The Bus Kids: Children's Experiences with Voluntary Desegregation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300105797
eISBN:
9780300153279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300105797.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

The Canford Program relies on buses as the primary means of transportation by children from South Bay City to Arbor Town schools. This chapter describes a typical bus ride of the Canford students, ... More


The Exurban Exchange

Campbell F. Scribner

in The Fight for Local Control: Schools, Suburbs, and American Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501700804
eISBN:
9781501704116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700804.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter discusses the impact of suburbanization on rural school districts and looks at the invocation of local control to oppose court-ordered busing for racial desegregation. The history of ... More


Understanding the Law of Evidence through Paradoxes of Rational Belief

Alex Stein

in Foundations of Evidence Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198257363
eISBN:
9780191711039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198257363.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter analyzes two epistemological paradoxes: Lottery and Preface, together with their legal derivatives, Gatecrasher, Blue Bus, Two Witnesses, and Prisoners of the Yard. It identifies the ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Desegregation Paradigm

Elizabeth Todd-Breland

in Political Education: Black Politics and Education Reform in Chicago since the 1960s

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646589
eISBN:
9781469647173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646589.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter analyzes the history of desegregation strategies pursued in Chicago and the processes by which those strategies fell out of favor. The chapter situates these developments within the ... More


The NAACP and the Origins of the Johns Committee, 1956

Stacy Braukman

in Communists and Perverts under the Palms: The Johns Committee in Florida, 1956-1965

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039824
eISBN:
9780813043166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039824.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the committee's founding in 1956, a year that witnessed a heated gubernatorial election, skirmishes between a segregationist-dominated legislature and a moderate governor, and ... More


The Special Case of Public-Transport Accessibility

Jonathan Levine, Joe Grengs, and Louis A. Merlin

in From Mobility to Accessibility: Transforming Urban Transportation and Land-Use Planning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501716072
eISBN:
9781501716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716072.003.0006
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural Theory and Criticism

This chapter addresses how public transport plays a special role in accessibility. Like driving, biking, or walking, its first job is to provide the mobility that allows travelers to reach their ... More


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