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Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Douglas Ehring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of this work is to provide a metaphysical account of properties and of how they are related to concrete particulars. On the broadest level, this work is a defense of tropes and of trope ... More


 The Berkelian Basics: Why Esse Is Not Percipi

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter begins the task of elucidating Berkeley's active/passive distinction by focusing on his understanding of the concept of existence. The latter is elucidated by mapping Berkeley's ... More


Introduction

Steven French and Décio Krause

in Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter presents an outline of the metaphysics of identity and individuality, which emphasizes the conceptual distinction between individuality and distinguishability. The Principle ... More


Locations

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines modal considerations on reifying locations. Denying the existence of spatiotemporal locations excludes certain possibilities for spatiotemporal reality. Denying the existence of ... More


The Evident Connexion: Hume on Personal Identity

Galen Strawson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608508
eISBN:
9780191729591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a new reading of Hume’s theory of personal identity — his ‘bundle theory’ of the self or mind — and his later rejection of that theory. Contrary to what many have supposed, Hume does ... More


Property and Disagreement

Stephen R. Munzer

in Philosophical Foundations of Property Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199673582
eISBN:
9780191751721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673582.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Company and Commercial Law

Legal philosophers and property scholars have recently challenged the idea of property as a bundle of sticks — more precisely, a set of normative relations between persons with respect to things. ... More


Hume’s Appendix

Galen Strawson

in The Evident Connexion: Hume on Personal Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608508
eISBN:
9780191729591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608508.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the Appendix to the Treatise Hume famously rejects his account of personal identity. His ‘hopes vanish’. He doesn’t give up his psychological account of how we come to believe in the ‘fiction’ of ... More


A One Category Ontology

L. A. Paul

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defends a one category ontology: an ontology that denies that we need more than one fundamental category to support the ontological structure of the world. One category ontologies are ... More


Mind, Self, and Person

Galen Strawson

in The Evident Connexion: Hume on Personal Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608508
eISBN:
9780191729591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608508.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Hume famously claims that ‘When I enter most intimately into what I call myself I always stumble on some particular perception.…I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never ... More


Mind

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Berkeley argues straightforwardly for mental substance, but says little about minds except that they are active substances, whose nature consists in thinking/perceiving and willing. He denies that we ... More


Essence and the Grounding Problem

Mark Jago

in Reality Making

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755722
eISBN:
9780191816871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755722.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pluralists about coincident entities say that distinct entities may be spatially coincident throughout their entire existence. The most pressing issue they face is the grounding problem. They say ... More


Substance/Substratum

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Berkeley's contemporaries commonly held that a thing's qualities belong to it by virtue of inhering in a substance or substratum that is not identical with any of its qualities or any collection of ... More


Ontology

Oliver D. Crisp

in Jonathan Edwards on God and Creation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755295
eISBN:
9780199979486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755295.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The first chapter begins with the state of the art in current Edwards studies. In it, I argue that Edwards does not abandon essentialist metaphysics, but stands within the Reformed tradition of ... More


Classical Gauge Field Theory

Daniel Canarutto

in Gauge Field Theory in Natural Geometric Language: A revisitation of mathematical notions of quantum physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198861492
eISBN:
9780191894374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861492.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

After a sketch of Lagrangian field theory on jet bundles, the notion of a gauge field is introduced as a section of an affine bundle which is naturally constructed without any involvement with ... More


Concrete Particular Objects

Kathrin Koslicki

in Form, Matter, Substance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198823803
eISBN:
9780191862588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823803.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter reviews existing approaches to the metaphysics of concrete particular objects and positions the doctrine of hylomorphism with respect to competing accounts. The literature is divided ... More


The Elimination of Objects

Steven French

in The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199684847
eISBN:
9780191765131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684847.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter the adoption of an eliminativist stance towards objects is shown not to generate the devastating implications that some take it to have. In particular, it is argued that one can still ... More


Hume’s True Scepticism

Donald C. Ainslie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199593866
eISBN:
9780191809224
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

David Hume is famous as a sceptical philosopher, but the nature of his scepticism is difficult to pin down. This book provides the first sustained interpretation of Part 4 of Book 1 of Hume’s ... More


Selves and Self-Concepts

John Perry

in Time and Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014090
eISBN:
9780262265799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014090.003.0162
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the notion of some philosophers that the self is a mysterious thing. It has been associated with a number of concepts, such as the souls of Christian theology, the essential ... More


Relationality and Intrinsicality in Nietzsche's Metaphysics

Tsarina Doyle

in Nietzsche on Epistemology and Metaphysics: The World in View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628070
eISBN:
9780748652594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628070.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that Friedrich Nietzsche's proposal that the fundamental constituents of reality are both intrinsic and relational is a contentious metaphysical thesis. It analyses the ... More


The problem of meaning

Galen Strawson

in The Secret Connexion: Causation, Realism, and David Hume: Revised Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199605842
eISBN:
9780191774447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605842.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There is a ‘Meaning Tension’ in Hume’s text. It arises from the opposition between (1) a certain interpretation of the strict empiricism of his theory of ideas or meaning, on the one hand, and two ... More


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